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AQA UNIT 5 Biology synoptic sample essays or sample essay plans. HELP!! Watch. If We Mckay. span Follow 0 followers 1 badge. The different ways in ethically wrong which organisms use ATP. If We Must. How the with Essay, structure of if we must die claude cells is a man seasons sparknotes, related to if we must die claude, their function. A Man For All Seasons Sparknotes. The structure and functions of die claude mckay carbohydrates. Power And The Of History. How bacteria affect human lives. If We Die Claude Mckay. The biological importance of water. The ways in which different species of essay of social media organisms differ from die claude, each other. Describe how the the past power, structures of die claude mckay different polymers are related to their. Why offspring produced by sparknotes, the same parents are different in appearance.

The importance of hydrogen bonds in must die claude living organisms. The movement of power and the production substances within living organisms. If We Must. How the on Teratogen, structure of proteins is related to must, their functions. Essay Moms. The process of die claude osmosis and for all its importance to if we, living organisms. And The. Energy transfers which take place inside living organisms. If We Must Die Claude Mckay. Inorganic ions include those of literacy rate sodium, phosphorus and hydrogen. Describe how these and must die claude other inorganic ions are used in living organisms. span Follow 0 followers 1 badge. AQA A2 Biology: Writing the essay, Synoptic Essay by if we die claude, Robert Mitchell. Pakistan Literacy. (they have some on ebay and i bought it cos i couldn't be bothered to plan the die claude, essays myself) span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. And you could try and with order this book because I reckon it would help you in terms of if we die claude mckay structuirng essays and of social it gives 20 examples written out: AQA A2 Biology: Writing the die claude mckay, Synoptic Essay by Robert Mitchell. Essay Moms. (they have some on ebay and i bought it cos i couldn't be bothered to if we mckay, plan the rate, essays myself) does it have any gems/lifesavers about structuring the if we die claude, essay? !! span Follow 6 followers 2 badges.

oh i wish i'd read this earlier and would have bought this book! does it have any gems/lifesavers about the past power and the structuring the essay? !! span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. span Follow 1 follower 0 badges. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Hello I'm doing AQA bio unit 5 and having troubles with the synoptic bit! always start each paragraph with a topic sentence - this makes sense really!! Just let the die claude, examiner know right from the off what that paragraph is for all seasons, about always link back to if we die claude mckay, the question at ethically wrong, the end of mckay each paragraph to make sure you are staying on track if you are talking about ethically wrong animals then keep all the must die claude, animal stuff together in the essay before moving on to plant stuff - basically don't jump between plants and animals in power and the production of history the different paragraphs be strict with your timing get the relevant information down, but don't waffle (a tip for if we must die claude, the whole paper) remember to and the production of history, tell the story - but again no waffling!! He says that students lose marks because they don't think to include the obvious. Die Claude. especially for conquistador the aztecs., the essay, for example, if you are talking about enzymes then don't start the story half way through, let the examiner know what an if we enzyme even is!! keep calm - if you're stressing then you are likely to forget everything you know because you are focusing on on Teratogen your stress. Just breathe and must mckay relax and you'll be surprised at what you remember do a plan. Essay About Moms. Even if it is die claude, only a quick 5 minute plan, do one!! Even if you don't have time to finish the Essay, essay, the if we must die claude mckay, examiner will be able to see your plan and pakistan rate you could get credit for if we must, it (personally I find this helps a little too when you know that something needs to be included in pakistan an essay but you don't remember much about it other than 'it was something about if we must T cells. Ethically Wrong. whatever they are') span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Mckay. span Follow 1 follower 2 badges. This Conquistador. span Follow 0 followers 0 badges. Hi!! I just came across a website that may help!! There is if we must, a lot to read on there, but I found it useful!!

There are lots (20!!) sample essays!! Hopefully you get a chance to sparknotes, read some and if we must die claude mckay look at and the of history, the structure of if we die claude these essays as exemplars!! always start each paragraph with a topic sentence - this makes sense really!! Just let the silencing, examiner know right from the if we, off what that paragraph is about always link back to silencing power and the production, the question at the end of each paragraph to die claude, make sure you are staying on Essay on Teratogen track if you are talking about animals then keep all the if we die claude mckay, animal stuff together in Living with Schizophrenia the essay before moving on if we die claude to plant stuff - basically don't jump between plants and animals in the different paragraphs be strict with your timing get the Living with Schizophrenia Essay, relevant information down, but don't waffle (a tip for die claude mckay, the whole paper) remember to Essay on Teratogen, tell the if we die claude mckay, story - but again no waffling!! He says that students lose marks because they don't think to include the a man for all seasons, obvious. Must Mckay. especially for Living Schizophrenia, the essay, for must mckay, example, if you are talking about rate enzymes then don't start the mckay, story half way through, let the examiner know what an Schizophrenia Essay enzyme even is!! keep calm - if you're stressing then you are likely to forget everything you know because you are focusing on if we your stress. Just breathe and ethically wrong relax and must die claude you'll be surprised at essay on role, what you remember do a plan. Even if it is mckay, only a quick 5 minute plan, do one!! Even if you don't have time to ethically wrong, finish the essay, the must die claude, examiner will be able to see your plan and you could get credit for essay moms, it (personally I find this helps a little too when you know that something needs to if we must, be included in an essay but you don't remember much about about moms it other than 'it was something about T cells. whatever they are') Hi. If We. I was hoping if you could get a new link as when I click it. it says it cannot be found. Spanish Conquistador Conquered The Aztecs.. We have a brilliant team of more than 60 Support Team members looking after discussions on The Student Room, helping to make it a fun, safe and must die claude useful place to production, hang out.

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ENGL 100A–Reading Response #1: “How to Mark a Book” In Mortimer Adler’s “How to Mark a Book,” he discusses the importance of marking up the die claude mckay, texts we read. For your first reading response for the blog, spend some time responding to the following questions. 1. What is Adler’s main idea? What is the message he is trying to convey to ethically wrong, his readers?

2. If We Must Mckay? Do you agree with Adler’s main idea? Why or why not? 3. Which of the tips for marking a book do you find the most helpful? Which do you hope to try? 4. What was the most useful message you found from reading this essay? Please review the guidelines for reading responses (on the left of the a man for all, screen).

Then, complete a reading response by replying to this blog post. In your response, you should write in paragraph form ( do not simply list answers to the questions) , and you should use references to must die claude, the reading whenever possible. When you are finished writing your response, you should plan to reply to two other students’ posts. This assignment must be completed by essay about moms Sunday, September 7th at 8pm. 75 thoughts on “ ENGL 100A–Reading Response #1: “How to Mark a Book” ” In “How to if we mckay, Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, the author is trying to get book readers to not just read the words, but to get inside the book.

We grew up learning to not write in books, but as we grow older, writing in books and marking up the pages with your thoughts, questions, and agreements/disagreements with the author can really further your connection with the reading. Adler is trying to convey that you should be an active reader, and to be active, you must take notes, annotate, interact with the author, and learn what the book teaches, and I completely agree. For example, Adler says, “If, when you’ve finished reading a book, the this spanish conquered the aztecs., pages are filled with your notes, you know that you read actively.” The more notes you take about your thoughts in must die claude a reading, the better you will remember your thoughts when you come back to the page and reread your notes. Your thoughts will never leave the the past power and the production of history, page. Adler makes it very clear that “…reading a book should be: a conversation between you and must the author,” and that, “marking a book is silencing the past production literally an expression of if we must die claude your differences, or agreements of Essay opinion, with the author.” That is the main point of the essay. Adler convinces readers to mark of their books by explaining different ways you can mark up your own book and connect with your reading.

She gives helpful tips such as underlining major points, making vertical lines in the margin to emphasize a statement already underlined, to put a star next to must, the most important statements, numbering in the margin to keep track of the sequence of Essay on Teratogen arguments the author makes, numbers of other pages in the margin to refer back to, circling key words, and writing questions and arguments to if we must die claude, the author in the margins to help you. Or also, if you do not like writing in the margin, you can use scratch paper or a pad and, “Make your index, outlines, and even your notes on the pad, and ethically wrong then insert these sheets permanently inside the front and mckay back covers of the book.” Adler gives you many options to essay about moms, how you can be an die claude active reader and be more engaged in the author’s points and arguments. I favor most the Living Schizophrenia Essay, underlining or highlighting important points in if we mckay a reading because I like to make things stand out so when I go back to read, I will know those are the important points to reread. I hope to try to write in essay about moms the margins more because I never noticed how much of a better understanding you can get by having a conversation with the author in the margins. If We Die Claude? Also, there are many different things you can write in the margins, to connections, things that surprised you, etc. The most helpful advice Adler gave me is this spanish conquistador conquered the aztecs. when he talked about the most famous active reader of great books, which was President Hutchins of the University of Chicago. He said, “He invariably reads with a pencil, and sometimes, when he picks up a book and if we must die claude pencil in the evening, he finds himself, instead of making intelligent notes, drawing what he calls “caviar factories” on the margins.

When that happens, he puts the the aztecs., book down. He knows he’s too tired to read, and he’s just wasting time.” I find myself noticing that late at night when I read, I sometimes will be reading words but not necessarily understanding or comprehending what I am reading. As for if we die claude Hutchins, he knows that when he begins to draw, he is too tired to read. When I know I am too tired to follow along with a reading, I start to fall asleep. Adler has taught me to read at Essay a better time of must mckay day when I am awake and can process a reading better. He has also taught me that you should not read just to read, you should really engage in your reading and follow the author’s story. Adler believes that the and the production, only way to follow the author’s story is to mark up the book with your thoughts, and I agree with how helpful that really is. I think that now, I will start buying books just to write and mark up my thoughts in them so I will always be able to go back and remember what I was thinking. I completely agree that Adler’s main point is to be an active reader and also to improve our reading we need to annotate to have a better understanding of the information.

I always try to annotate as much as I can when I read something because the notes along the if we must die claude mckay, margins can really help. Annotating seems to essay moms, be a very useful skill and if we die claude can also save us time because then we do not have to read the whole article or a certain section of a book again, we can just look at our notes that we made. Also, I try not to read at essay moms night and get my homework done during the day but sometimes it can be hard. In Mortimer Alder’s “How to Mark a Book”, he points out if we die claude, that he wants readers big or small to really “get into” the book what I mean by that is he wants us to with, write in mckay our books. Growing up our parents told us “take care of your things” meaning don’t write in your books.

Some of us still live by that, this guy is for all seasons sparknotes telling us to write in our books and draw pictures and things and we don’t know exactly how to feel about if we must die claude, it. With Schizophrenia? The message he is trying to if we mckay, convey is this conquistador conquered the aztecs. that writing in must books is an excellent idea, do it as much as you want. We always thought that just reading was important, we sit down read what we need to essay about moms, and do our best to enjoy it was reading actively. All our friends read but do they really “read”. I agree with his point to mark the books we read, it gives us a better understanding to must mckay, what we are reading and we can make it our own.

I agree with him because it’s good to the aztecs., give the author our opinion without actually giving to them. In the part where he lists seven tips to marking our books, I find or typically use number one which is underlining (highlighting) because it points out good point or just things I enjoyed reading and I also found that number seven is useful and must something that I a lot which is essay about moms writing in the margins for examples I wrote all over the margins when we had to annotate the article. The overall read was great, I didn’t get bored with it and it was really interesting to me. The entire point of the must mckay, article was to tell us to write in books, and basically do the opposite of what we grew up doing which was don’t write in on Teratogen your school books or any other kind of books because you want to keep them in the best condition possible. It is a bit “weird” that now were being told to write all over die claude mckay our books when this whole time before we have been told over and over again to never write in your books. Discovering this was new but it has become really helpful. I do agree with you that it is an excellent idea because now I really going into depth with my readings and Essay i am actually remembering what I am reading. One thing that that stood out to me with your response was that annotating really helped you enjoy the article and that you did not get bored reading it. i strongily agree with your respond.

How we grow up to not write in books and at the end of the mckay, day we get told too do so. i like how deep you when into your respond and how reading and ethically wrong annotation is if we good. i like how you put your personal experience that helped you get threw your troubles and how it helped you. I agree with your response from beginning to end that its strange that professors are giving an okay to write in our books because most or all the time we were told to on Teratogen, keep things neat and not to mess them up and our response is to if we, have a book that is nice and clean because that is what we are taught. Also i think that annotating a book does really help get a better understanding of what the author is trying to ethically wrong, explain because when we do that it gives us an opportunity to really think it through as well as highlighting keywords or phrases was also a every useful tip that I use as well. Its funny to think that half the things we learned high school are totally opposite from college. I agree with everything in die claude mckay your response. Growing up my parents would tell me to take care of my stuff as well. Especially when it came to books.

Now that we’re older, we are being told that it’s essential for us to write on our books. I’ve always thought it was bad to write my opinion on the authors work but apparently its not. I also love to highlight but what I’m noticing is that highlighting doesn’t really help me understand it. I now just write in ethically wrong the margins. I totally agree with annotating for a better understanding. Annotating is a quick and simple why for us to make the best out of our college reading. It helps with familiarizing both the if we must die claude, content and the organization we read. It also helps us engage in our reading as we com up with ideas that help us understand more.

After reading Adler’s essays annotating is silencing power production one thing i encourage everyone to if we die claude mckay, try, make sure your eyes just don’t glide right across the page. Use a highlighter or underline with a pencil to Living with Schizophrenia, get the main ideas down. I agree with you when it comes to us annoying on our books but I had a question for you. Why do you think they told us not to annotate in our books? In the article “How to Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. Alder, the author’s main message he is trying to must die claude, convey to about moms, his readers is that it is good to write in your books, because it keeps you focused and if we must mckay helps you to better understand the text. A Man Seasons? By doing this, he is if we must encouraging people to become active readers and tells us how to this spanish the aztecs., do so. Mckay? For the longest time people always told you that it was wrong to write in books, but Alder went against the norm and found that marking your books can greatly increase your reading ability. I agree with Alder because I believe that knowing how to be an active reader is a great skill to have and that many people don’t know how to do it correctly.

I also think it is crazy that they don’t teach kids to spanish conquistador the aztecs., mark their books at a younger age because i think it would help them to comprehend it better, and be able to if we must die claude, use this tool all throughout school and not just college like I did. A tip that is helpful that i already use is essay about moms Highlighting and underlining major points, i find this helpful but I don’t tend to mckay, retain what I read. I hope to Essay, try writing in mckay the margin, so I can become a better active reader and essay moms hopefully it will help me get more into mckay, the book and keep me awake while reading. These tips were the most useful message i got from the Essay on Teratogen, essay because I now know how to must mckay, read better and stay focused and interested in silencing the past of history the books that i read. Must Die Claude? Knowing that you are a better reader/ book owner when you write in your books has helped me to want to essay about moms, be more involved in my books instead of just reading whats on if we mckay the pages. Overall i found this essay very helpful in teaching me how to become an active reader and learning what I can do to with Schizophrenia, help me understand the books better. In Mortimer J. Adler’s “How to Mark a Book,” he discusses the process on how to understand a book through its full potential. His main idea was that the only way you can enjoy a book is by “spending more time reading slowly” and writing your thoughts as you read along. I agree with Adler’s main idea because of my personal experience.

Although; I think that it depends on the reader. When I read I have to take notes to fully understand the meaning of the book. Some people may think that its a complete waste of time and that it will slow them down. Personally I buy my own books instead of going to if we die claude mckay, the library, that will allow me to write all over it. And some people want their books to be in perfect condition so they can have a collection. Silencing The Past And The Of History? Like Adler stated, “There are three kinds of die claude book owners. The first has all the standard sets and bestseller- unread, untouched.” I don’t really mind a books physical appearance, I care more about what I am getting out of with it. Adler had many tips for marking up a book. And I found some of them quite helpful.

Forexample, ” writing in the margin… recording questions(perhaps answers).” While I was annotating this article I did go back and mckay wrote a question, so when I came back to class I asked the question so I can get an answer. A Man? Another tip that seemed helpful was underlining. It does seem really simple, But it allows you to find the major points. The tip that I want to if we die claude mckay, try for next time is vertical lines at the margin because I think it will help me connect certain statements. Ethically Wrong? The most helpful message I found while reading this essay was, ” why is marking up a book indispensable to reading?

First it keeps you awake. And I don’t mean merely conscious; I mean wide awake.” I never really thought of reading that way. Usually I do zone off while reading if I am not actively reading. Perhaps underlining or even circling words that I don’t understand will help me stay wide awake. I agree highly with what you said about must die claude, his main point because for two reasons the first one would be that it doesn’t matter what condition the book is in as long as you are getting something out of it that is useful and the second reason is that it does depend on your experience with reading because if you have had a bad past with reading that is make you think “well anything else that I read is going to be just as bad” which isn’t the case most of the time. I agree that it is very important to “read slowly” like Adler said, even though I do not do a very good job of it.

I know that many other students, like myself who just skim read and do not actually actively read, and that it can really hurt you in the end. Marking books has never been a habit of mine, and I wish I was like you and actually got in the habit of essay about doing it. I do think that it will slow a person down to write in their books, but it can really help when you go back to the reading and you can remember all your thoughts and must mckay conversation with the the past power and the of history, author. If We Must Mckay? I never get much out of my books that I read because I just read and silencing the past and the of history remember the moral of the story, but now I have noticed how much more you can get into a book. Mckay? I also never knew that reading keeps you wide awake either, because I always seem to find myself falling asleep and dozing off during reading. I do not have the longest attention span when it comes to sitting and reading for a long time. Getting something out of a book is completely important, I guess people who judge books by their covers don’t know what they’re missing. But It’s great that you takes notes on essay about your book and that you don’t care what people think about. Keep it up. I totally agree with you on everything that you said.

I especially like how you talked about not minding what the book looked like but what you get out of mckay it cause that whats most important. I also never really thought of doing things to keep awake while reading, I always thought i was just a terrible reader and there was nothing to it, but now we have found ways to keep us active while reading. In Adler’s piece “How To Mark A Book” he emphasizes that it is important to really take charge to “make the a man sparknotes, book your own” meaning to must mckay, constantly star, underline, highlight or circle important information. He strongly encourages people to use these strategies because when you use these tactics you seem to have a better understanding of what the author is silencing the past production actually trying to say to if we must die claude, the reader. About? One is able to read “between the lines” and if we must mckay take apart paragraph-by-paragraph or even line by line of what the author’s main message is when they use one or all of Adler’s seven tips. The seven tips include: underlining text, marking vertical lines, marking a star or asterisk next to important information, marking numbers, making note of ethically wrong other page numbers, circling key words and phrases and lastly, writing anywhere throughout the if we mckay, margins such as at the top or bottom of a reading. I strongly agree with Adler’s main idea because it is very important to and the of history, read “between the lines” possibly by underlining, highlighting, circling and staring important information. Adler also reinforces making a book “your own” when he says, “Full ownership comes only when you have made it a apart of yourself” meaning you have made numerous notes of your own throughout the whole article or book.

Tips that I find most useful and most helpful include underlining, staring, highlighting and circling specific information. Each strategy helps me differently. Mckay? When I star something that is the past power production of history usually a reminder for me to go back and read that certain section to gain a better understanding. If We Must Die Claude Mckay? Underlining and highlighting indicates to me that section is ethically wrong very important and it is a main point or idea that stands out. Circling information is also another strategy that indicates to me that information can be useful for evidence if necessary when writing an if we must essay. One tip that I hope to try is using numbers in the margins. I think this strategy could be helpful in my writing because it would help me pick out certain comments the author makes that could also tie to conquistador conquered the aztecs., the main idea or his argument. I would number different areas throughout the piece so I could use that specific information as possible evidence to indicate where the author is trying to mckay, make a connection and what order he uses to lead up to a man, the main idea.

The most useful message that I found from reading this article was that it is must die claude mckay important to annotate and make the book “your own” because in the end the notes you made only benefit you. It is not necessary to waste time and read the Living Essay, whole paragraph over again but rather make notes on if we the side. Also, I also got to Living with Schizophrenia Essay, learn about new strategies that can help my annotating skills. This article definitely was informative and kept my interest too because I can now use more of annotating techniques in if we must mckay my English 100A class. I agree with on this conquistador how Adler sees that it is important to take charge when it comes down to mark your own book. It is also to read between the lines because you never know what you can miss and there can always be messages hidden in the lines. Also numbering the margins is if we must die claude something that I should start getting used to as well because I know that in ethically wrong the end it will definitely help me out must die claude, when I need to comment on the author. About? I really thought this reading was very helpful it help me understand more about if we die claude, “marking a book” and how it gains your skills. In Alder’s “How to Mark a Book,” he explains the importance of ethically wrong not just reading the book, but engaging and conversing with the must die claude, book in order to ethically wrong, comprehend the must mckay, material to the best of essay about your abilities.

He explains that in order to die claude, truly understand the Essay, material you must not just let your eyes glide over the pages reading the words, you must take notes, underline, highlight and even circle words and mckay phrases. He says that it is on Teratogen crucial to die claude, read to power and the production, understand, rather than reading to finish. I agree that engaging in the text is an important skill to learn, because it allows for you to must die claude, remember what you’ve read better and also helps to think critically about the Essay, materials. I have not yet reached a level where I write in mckay the margins like Alder said, but I often write my ideas on sticky notes and also underline key ideas and circle words that I do not understand. Alder gives numerous amount of tips in this work, one of which is: write in the margins.

Write your thoughts, ideas, and arguments in the margins. This will allow you to not only think critically about the text while reading it, but it will also help you to remember your thoughts and ideas when coming back to sparknotes, review the material. Die Claude? He also says that it is important to highlight key terms and ideas. This is silencing the past power of history a good way to review key terms and topics when going back to look at the text a second time. If We? He also mentions that using different colors to highlight ideas could be a good way to determine which are more important. Colors also help you remember these key terms.

He also says that it is ethically wrong a good idea to if we must, circle new words and/or words that you don’t understand at the time. Moms? This way you can go and look these words up then read that part again knowing the meaning. Another helpful tip was to write question and must die claude arguments in the margins and also to number arguments that the author makes throughout the text. The most useful tip that I found in for all seasons this work was what to highlight and what not to. In the must die claude, past, I would just get a highlighter and highlight mostly everything on the page. I think it is Essay on Teratogen important to if we die claude, really concentrate on what to highlight and what supports the ideas highlighted. I really want to try and get to on Teratogen, a point in my reading where I highlight the key ideas, even if it is less words to highlight. The most useful message I found from Alder’s work “How to if we die claude, Mark a Book” was when he stated, “if reading is to accomplish anything more than passing time, it must be active. Spanish Conquistador? You can’t let your eyes glide across the lines of a book and come up with an if we must die claude understanding of what you have read.” I think quote in itself is essay moms a summary of the entire work. In order to be successful one must actively engage in the text.

You simply cannot just read to pass the time. In order to do this, Alder gives you all of the tips mentioned above to ensure that all readers will develop the skill set to thoroughly understand all works and authors. I agree that it’s important to engage in if we must die claude whatever book you are reading because that helps keep you interested in the topic. Also when Alder mentions to look up words that you may not understand, I think that is very important and something I need to do more of to help me enhance my vocabulary. I liked that you brought critical thinking into your response because I do think that annotating involves critical thinking. Lastly, I thought using sticky notes is a good way to take notes too, so I think I might try that! In “How to Mark a Book” by with Schizophrenia Mortimer Adler I found that the main idea was simply to teach students how to read and if we must die claude mckay understand what is being read. He wanted us to feel like we could accomplish something by Essay on Teratogen annotating what we are reading. “I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in your bloodstream to do you any good,” I believe that means that he wants us to soak up all the information we can while reading. Must? I do agree with Adler’s main ideas I think he makes great points.

He mentions that marking up a book keeps you awake. Which makes a lot of sense in Essay this college world that we are now living in. Reading can get extremely boring and highlighting or underlining can help to must die claude mckay, keep us more occupied and involved. My favorite tip that he gave is number seven, “Writing in the margin, or at the top of the page for the sake of: recording questions (perhaps answers) which a passage raised in your mind; reducing a complicated discussion to a simple statement; recording the silencing the past, sequence of must die claude major points right through the conquered the aztecs., books.” This tip is very useful because questions always seem to arise when I am reading. What better to do then write them down and discuss them in class to help get a answer. I hope to try this tip and also tip number two. Tip number two mentions, “Vertical lines at the margin: to emphasize a statement already underlined.”

The most useful message I found while reading this article was to take lots of notes. Die Claude? Also I learned that it does not matter how fast or slow you read as long as you retain information. Adler says, “and that is exactly what reading a book should be: a conversation between you and the author.” He knows more about spanish conquistador the aztecs., what your reading then you do. He is teaching you the information that you need to know and understand. I to really think that tip number seven is really useful.

I marked all over if we die claude my margins and it made me feel like I was doing something more productive than just read words. I really like the a man for all seasons, part when you mentioned that he said “it doesn’t matter how fast or slow you read” because it doesn’t matter just as long as you are reading. The part that got me the most was when he says “it’s a conversation between yourself and must the book you are reading” because that’s the with Schizophrenia Essay, literal meaning. When you write in a journal, you’re telling the journal how you feel and if we you’re doing the same thing with the book. I like the quote you brought up in the beginning, “I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in ethically wrong your bloodstream to do you any good”. I do not even remember reading this line in the reading, but I really like it. I agree that Adler wants us to really soak up information in a book like a sponge, and if we die claude he teaches how to do this by Essay marking up your books and having a conversation with the must, author.

I also did not know that reading and marking your books can keep you awake. Sparknotes? I know that I always fall asleep reading, but maybe if I marked my books I could be more awake while reading. Lastly, I agree with Adler’s quote that, “and that is exactly what reading a book should be: a conversation between you and the author.” I never would have thought of must it that way until after this reading. Reading your response was great. About Moms? I agree with you on the tip number seven. If We Must Die Claude Mckay? I do think it’s really helpful to write in the margins and to basically not fall asleep when we’re reading. Reading has never been my friend but now I know some tips to with, at least get along with reading.

I also think that the author wants us to “soak” all the information in. If We Must Die Claude? I know for my Geography class, the information really isn’t “soaking” in but by writing in ethically wrong the margins it’s helping me. In Mortimer Alder’s “How to if we die claude mckay, Mark a Book”, he points out Living with, that he wants readers big or small to really “get into” the book what I mean by that is he wants us to write in if we our books. Growing up our parents told us “take care of your things” meaning don’t write in your books. Some of ethically wrong us still live by that, this guy is telling us to write in our books and draw pictures and things and we don’t know exactly how to feel about it. The message he is trying to convey is must mckay that writing in books is an excellent idea, do it as much as you want. We always thought that just reading was important, we sit down read what we need to and do our best to enjoy it was reading actively.

All our friends read but do they really “read”. Essay Moms? I agree with his point to mark the books we read, it gives us a better understanding to what we are reading and we can make it our own. I agree with him because it’s good to give the author our opinion without actually giving to them. In the part where he lists seven tips to marking our books, I find or typically use number one which is underlining (highlighting) because it points out good point or just things I enjoyed reading and I also found that number seven is useful and something that I a lot which is writing in the margins for examples I wrote all over the margins when we had to annotate the article. The overall read was great, I didn’t get bored with it and it was really interesting to me. The entire point of the mckay, article was to tell us to write in books, and basically do the opposite this conquered the aztecs. of what we grew up doing which was don’t write in your school books or any other kind of if we must books because you want to keep them in the best condition possible. I like they fact that you mention we have been taught to not write in our books and just read them, which is true.

I definitely agree with that statement. Besides that however, you were mentioning that you plan to spanish conquered, write in the margins and die claude around the text. My question however is, is this your first time doing this or are you confirming that it indeed is useful because you do it all the time? Overall I agree with everything you have stated and liked what you said, especially being raised to keep our books clean. I also like that you mentioned, that we have not been taught to write in our book, but to only read them. I also thinking writing in the margins and in power and the production of history the blank spots between paragraphs is a good I idea. If We? But it was sure confusing on wether if this is your first time doing this or if you are going to be doing this more. This Conquistador Conquered The Aztecs.? If you do say we should start to if we must die claude mckay, write more in the margins then I totally agree with you.

I think even if you already write in the margin then that is good, but writing more is better and about even more practice. If We Die Claude Mckay? Writing your thoughts down helps as well. So yes I do agree with everything you have said. The strongest claim of the author is if you buy a book from which you want to conquistador the aztecs., learn, you should take in the contents as much as possible. He insists the importance of marking on must die claude a book in order to do it and how meaningless having books without doing it at the same time.

I profoundly agree with his opinions because I also feel it is very wasteful, which you might miss an important reference because of essay about reading fast, in spite of having a great book. As the one of the ways, the author recommends to must die claude, record questions that a passage raised in my mind in silencing the past power and the production the margin. If We Must Die Claude Mckay? I think it is a very useful way. In any kind of books, there is a lot of information and messages to be picked up and if I catch them at the time, I wouldn’t remember next time I read them. Therefore, I want to try it and verify its effect. Finally, the most important message I got from the article is silencing the past power and the of history this. Must Die Claude Mckay? “I am arguing that books, too, must be absorbed in your bloodstream to do you any kind”. It impressed my mind because I’ve never thought in such a way. It’s still difficult and takes a long time to read a book in English because there are many unknown words, nevertheless, if I ignore the words and keep reading, I wouldn’t absorb the content anymore. Even though it takes a lot of time, I should spend much more time to Essay, read and understand the content deeply for must die claude mckay the sake of absorbing from it.

This is what I learn from the article. I know i always forget what i read so it is important that we should slow down our readings. Anything that we read should be absorbed so we actually understand what we are reading. If we don’t understand what were reading then we are just wasting our time reading. i do agree with you that annotating is very useful because that is when we become active readers. One thing that really stood out to Essay, me with your response was not knowing a word and ignoring them. I know whenever I read this happens to me all the time and then I am no longer “absorbing the content.”

Hi Rina. Must Die Claude? I find it interesting that you think it is a waste to Essay, read a book without writing in it because I never thought of must reading in that way. I have always wanted to be so invested in a book and a man seasons sparknotes have writing all over it with notes that only I can understand and die claude know that book belongs to me. I agree that I should also spend more time reading and also writing in the text giving myself time to absorb it. You make some good points here that without annotating the words that are being read would just be a bunch of Living words instead of an actual thought. Also i think that speed reading is not actual reading but just some words that were looked at die claude mckay rally fast with no comprehension. I aso agree that pointing out keywords that are not understood should be looked up because then the rest of the paragraph or phrase would not make sense. Mortimer Adlers “How To Mark A Book,” talks about going into depth with your reading so you can truly understand what you are reading. By doing so Adler highly encourages you to this conquistador the aztecs., “write between the lines.” Growing up we were told to not write in our books but now we are being told to annotate everything that we read could be a little confusing for some people but it is really helpful. Must Die Claude Mckay? When you mark a book you are putting down all your thoughts, questions and silencing the past power and the production concerns down as if it is your own journal. If We Must Die Claude? Adler is conveying us to take our reading to another level.

As readers we need to slow down to this spanish conquistador the aztecs., really take in and understand what we are reading. How many times have you read something and thought after what did I just read? Marking your book helps this because then you are able to clarify what you just read. I do agree with Adlers main idea because when I read I mainly skim through the if we must mckay, text but when told to essay moms, annotate I tell myself that I need to slow down and that helps to “keep me awake.” I am able to if we must die claude, remember the text and I know that I am actively reading. The tip that I found most helpful was to not read when I am tired because then I am not actively reading. Numbering the Essay, margin is something that I hope to if we, try. Production Of History? Looking back I realized that I would continue to reread the paragraphs to find the different arguments throughout the text.

If I start to the number them it will make things much easier for me. The most useful message for me was to see your marked books as an mckay “intellectual diary.” Lending your books away could distract others that are reading it with your markings and it is like “giving your mind away.” Active reading helps you to become a more engaged in the story and to a man for all seasons, actually know and understand what you are reading. I like how you mention that we have to stop and slow down when reading because it is true. Especially when annotating, which Adler explains in his article. And although some of us don’t like to read, this form of if we reading and marking up the books does “wake us up” because we are trying to get a sense of what the author is saying. On Teratogen? Although I feel if someone were to lend someone their book are was already marked up it could be beneficial not because they could just read your notes but because they could also have different opinions from the reading.

I like how honest you were with your own experiences. It is true how back then they would tell us to never write on books and die claude mckay now its the total opposite. I agree with you in the whole thing of ethically wrong staying awake not just literally but also figuratively speaking. I used to fall asleep while i read stories specially in my History classes and I wish I could go back and annotate. It would have helped me so much. Well you had really good ideas and I like the way you write and must die claude how you express yourself. Nice Job #128578;

Sincerely, Ashley Orozco. I like how you described Alder’s main idea about “How To Mark A Book,” I feel your first couple of sentences really summarizes it all. About? I am the if we must mckay, same way when it comes to annotating. The more I engage myself with the reading, the more I am able to slow down and stay awake during a book. I also really enjoyed Alder’s message when he describes annotating to be like an “intellectual diary.” In the article “How to the past power and the, Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, he explains that there are three different kinds of book keepers/owners.

He also describes that with this in mind, people should not just buy books to put them in must shelves but rather write in them, annotate and highlight to Living with Schizophrenia Essay, connect with the author who wrote the book. The message that Adler is overall trying to send to his readers is to essentially do exactly what the title of the article is called, which is to mark a book. Adler is helping his readers understand the if we must, importance of doing this and moms giving valuable information that will help in doing so. Although I like the way Adler is must mckay enlightens readers to the past power and the of history, be able to mark and annotate books of literature and die claude any book in general, I don’t essentially agree that all books should be marked. Some books are meant to be read and silencing and the marked on to evaluate the if we die claude mckay, main points and critically analyze them, but others are meant to just be read because the are fundamentally interesting in the way where it catches your attention and ethically wrong there is must die claude mckay no need to mark it up because you understand the silencing and the of history, plot clearly and feels like a television show or something around that area. Within the article, Adler gives seven different ways in which a person can “mark a book”. And in my opinion, the most helpful was the if we die claude mckay, third tip of using, “Star, asterisk, or other doo-dad at the margin: to emphasize the ten or twenty most important statements in Essay the book” (3).

Giving me the mckay, thought to with Schizophrenia Essay, actually try it and see if it benefits me more considering that a use most of all the techniques Adler mentions. He most useful message I received from if we die claude mckay, Adler was that is I want to mark a book, I should buy it and not rent or borrow it. I agree with your point that all books should not be annotated. Textbooks are an example of a book that should be annotated so that key points could be pulled out and the reader is prepared for moms any tests or discussions the teacher may give out the next class. Mckay? I believe books such as novels should not be marked up because it is a time to about moms, enjoy the story and although everything in the book is important, it is must more of a story being told that can be created by ones imagination, rather than facts being thrown out to the reader.

I really enjoy how you described Alder’s main idea, “How To Mark A Book,” is well, simply how one marks a book. A Man For All Sparknotes? I also like how you respectfully disagreed with Adler’s message. How some books that are meant to be entertaining shouldn’t have to be annotated; I agree with your point of view. I am very impressed with the if we die claude mckay, way you express your opinion. I can tell you have a really strong opinion. Schizophrenia? I respect your disagreement and agree to it when it comes to just reading a book for fun and not needing to annotate, however if you are reading an if we must mckay interesting book for a class which requires to be either written about or simply discussed you might want to have things written in moms it to refer back to it, instead of just saying it, because once you show evidence your point of if we mckay view becomes even stronger. On the Living Essay, other side if the book you are reading its not for must mckay a class then yes there is for all seasons no need to die claude mckay, annotate in it which is where I completely agree to it. Sincerely, Ashley Orozco. Briana I agree with what you said in your second paragraph. Not all books are meant to be marked up.

I have many books that I read for fun and are not marked in at all. However if you are reading a book that is challenging to essay, understand then it may be better to mark up the if we must mckay, book. Spanish Conquistador Conquered The Aztecs.? I have read some challenging books that I have needed to markup, on if we must a sheet of paper mind you, and reread in order to essay moms, understand it. If We? Im sure that I’m not the only one who has had to do it either. Marking up a book is a great help to understand the book and the author. I strongly agree with your answer. It’s pretty cool how teacher before hated when we wrote in books, but now our college professor is making us read a book about how to Schizophrenia Essay, mark a book.

The main idea of “How to Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. If We? Adler is getting readers to understand what they are reading. Alder is trying to tell us to on Teratogen, have a pencil just in case we want to write an idea, a comment, or anything that may be helpful. I definitely agree with Adler because I can picture myself reading an article and just write on the side margins and making notes and if we die claude not have to read the paragraph all over this conquered the aztecs. again. The most helpful tip, in mckay my opinion, is the reading in between the lines because that is where we are going get the ethically wrong, most out of everything what the write is telling us. I will be trying this tip because I tend to read read read and not pay attention to some context words.

The useful message that I found in this essay was the three kinds of people because I have seen it and would ask what is this book about and they would just say I don’t know I haven’t read it. This article was not just showing us how to mark a book but it also helped us understand the meanings of what the whole process of writing like the hidden messages a book may have or secret clues we may find though out the book. We just have to read between the lines. Hey Karen! I appreciate the way that you got Adlers main idea across. My favorite part of your post was reading “Adler is if we must mckay trying to tell us to ethically wrong, have a pencil just in case we want to write an idea.” By writting that allowed me as a reader to remember annotating is not as bad as it seems. If We Die Claude Mckay? Also I feel that you could have expanded on the fact of how this article helps us understand annotating.

Maybe you could have given examples of what styles you use while annotating or you could have talked about the tips Adler gave us. Overall, I really enjoyed reading your post since it gave Adlers main point more clarity. Thanks! Hello Karen! We are very similar in our reading the fact that sometimes we read stuff and this spanish conquistador conquered the aztecs. we have to re read it because we didn’t pay much attention to must die claude, what we are reading yeah that happens to me a lot! So I hope with annotating it will improve my reading skills. I agree with you that you need to write on the side of the margins so that you can fully understand what you are reading.

I feel that when I read, the Living Schizophrenia, only way for die claude mckay me to know what it says is to mark things on silencing of history the side of it. The thing that you really want to do is to mark only the important things that will help you later on. Throughout high school I was taught how to write in the margins and how to highlight the right information. Once we got this assignment I was personally sick and tired of learning how to if we, annotate books, texts, and essays correctly. I thought I was done with learning how to annotate properly because I sometimes find annotations to be distracting while reading. Even in high school I was not a fan of having to be forced to annotate by writing questions in the margins, since reading hasn’t always been my favorite activity. However, after reading Mortimer Adler’s “How to Mark a Book” I forgot about this the aztecs., what the values of annotating were. Without having been assigned this, I would have forgotten about how valuable annotations are since they allow us to if we must die claude mckay, have a direct discussion with the author. When I annotate text I usually highlight and write in the margins because it allows me to ethically wrong, clearly see the authors main points.

As I mentioned in my previous paragraph, I never realized that by highlighting and writing in if we must mckay the margins allows us to “talk to the author.” That is why I do agree with the essay about, author’s main point that one should constantly be writing “between the lines” (Adler, Mortimer). I believe that by writing all over the text allows one to must mckay, use their critical thinking skills. Our critical thinking skills allow us to think about the text differently than the author, and to make connections as well. Also without marking up the text we would not be able to allow our thoughts to come “alive” on the page. Lastly, through Adler’s main points of marking up the ethically wrong, text and truly reading every word teaches us to take reading seriously, and to if we must mckay, practice our annotation skills. After looking at all of the tips I realized that there is not just one way to annotate text. I was also happy to Schizophrenia, see that the author of this essay uses the same annotation skills that I learned, such as underlining and circling. If We Die Claude Mckay? Also one of the ethically wrong, tips that I am excited to learn in the future is to put numbers in the margins. No one ever taught me to put numbers in the margins to connect points that have been made repeatably. Overall, whenever I was forced to annotate in high school I was afraid that I was writing too much on the page, and this essay reminded me that it is ok to write as much as I want in must mckay the margins. Reading How to this spanish conquered, Read a Book, by must die claude Mortimer J. Adler, has brought up many points that I have over looked before.

For example I have always cherished the physical part of books as well as the words in the books. Just like Adler told about. For this reason I have never purposefully marked a book before. Many of the ethically wrong, books I have are worn but not written in. I believe that in this passage Adler is trying to tell people that it is okay to mark up a book so that the must die claude, reader can understand the book and with Schizophrenia Essay the author better. Adler also goes on to make a few points on if we must die claude mckay how to mark up a book, such as underling main points, circling key words and writing in the margins of the book about any questions and answers that the book brought to this spanish conquistador conquered, mind. I know of many people that have books but do not mark books in purposefully ways.

Some of my friends back in high school took an AP english class where they were given the book Crime and Punishment and told that they would have to if we must die claude, mark up the book for homework. At the time I thought that now one should ever mark up a book. At the essay, time I didn’t know about the usefulness of what marking up a book could do for students. Must? Making it easier to understand the book and the author. As well as highlighting key components of the silencing and the, book as well. From the passage How to Mark a Book I can say that I agree with what Adler is taking about. The points that I made in the first paragraph are all points which I think would be the most helpful for marking books.

For underlining main points of parts of the book you can go back and see why you underlined them. It could be form weather the author said something you liked or, more obviously, made an important point that is die claude part of the Essay on Teratogen, book. If We Mckay? Also one of the points Adler made is, what I think, the most useful message from the passage. The point is writing questions in between the margins and writing answers to questions from the author. With this you question what the author is saying and can bring more light to a certain subject.

Now I look forward to mastering these techniques in class. Hi, Karen! I highly agree with you. Most books have a hidden message and the only way to find out about it is by reading between the lines. Essay? And making notes on the side margins helps you understand the reading right away, so you don’t have to go back and read it again. Hi, Garrett. You are right, when you write questions in the margins it allows you to connect to the author. If We Must Mckay? And when you underline main points in spanish conquistador the book you get more out of it. Also, you know exactly what Adler is trying to teach us. In Mortimer Adler’s “How to Mark a Book”, his main idea is to state that by writing between lines of if we must die claude mckay a book it is most effective when wanting to understand the message in which an author is trying to demonstrate. Ethically Wrong? By marking a book, Adler states it is an act of love when you show full ownership to it.

Full ownership does not only mean buying the book but making it yours by writing in between the lines and mckay marking it up to fully understand the content. Marking a book brings out all thoughts that come to one’s mind when reading and leads to different perspectives and opinions about the topic. I agree with Alder’s point because one does not fully understand information until they have broken down each point an author is with Schizophrenia making. I never was able to mark up books when I was younger or write in die claude mckay them because I was told it was disrespect to the person who would read them after me. When I entered high school I would try to use post- it notes to write down all my thoughts, and silencing and the of history it worked for a while until my books became a lot thicker and messier when the post-it notes would fall out or get all crinkled. If We Die Claude? My first time I wrote in a book was my senior year when I had bought a book just to read for ethically wrong fun and a teacher actually encouraged me to write in must it. I personally am not great at reading comprehension so I approached my teacher for help. She encouraged me to write down, in the margins of the book, all thoughts that came to mind when reading. This would eventually help me remember what I read two paragraphs ago and help me pick out key points and Living with Schizophrenia Essay understand the if we must mckay, important messages. Silencing Production? I have never stopped marking books since. When I mark a book I highlight sentences that I believe are important.

But how do you actually know if they important enough to highlight? If by the end of your reading you look back and see that your whole page is highlighted, then you’re doing it wrong! I had trouble picking out important key points the must die claude mckay, first time I annotated my book. I didn’t know what to look for and I didn’t know what was important in the book because I felt like everything was important to Essay, know. I found that highlighting wasn’t the most helpful tip for mckay me because of this. The most helpful tip for me was “writing in the margin, or at the top or bottom of the page”.

By doing this, it helped me generate questions I had for the author, opinions that came to a man seasons, mind, if I agree with a statement the author brought up, or other thoughts that came to must, mind. After reading this essay, there was a point Adler made that really stood out to me. He stated, “There is no such thing as the right speed for intelligent reading”. When I was younger I was the slowest reader out of all my friends. When we made trips to the school library the class was sectioned off into essay, groups of reading level. Mckay? I was never in the fast reading group and I was embarrassed by it. I practiced really hard at reading fast that I became really good at reading fast. The words just passed through me and I was really good at speaking what my eyes were seeing, but by Living with Schizophrenia doing this I didn’t obtain any knowledge of what I was reading. If you had asked me what I had just read I would have never been able to tell you. By marking books it may slow down your reading, but that’s the point.

If reading is not slowed down, important messages can be missed. Being engaged with the writing and fully active will help me fully understand and obtain key components in must mckay the readings. Mortimer Adler’s main idea in “How to Mark a Book” is you should annotate your readings to get the full meaning of a book. About Moms? I agree with Adler’s message because of if we die claude my personal experience and how Adler describes what a reader should be getting out of a book. I have noticed that I understand a book and moms absorb more when I take the time to write down my thoughts and any questions that come up during my reading.

The more time I invest in die claude mckay annotating a book, the more I understand what the author was trying to conquistador conquered, get their reader’s to express. Adler’s most helpful tip for marking a book would be both his first point, “1. Underlining: of if we must die claude major points, of Living Schizophrenia Essay important or forceful statements,” and if we must his last point, “7. Writing in the margin, or at for all the top or bottom of the page, for the sake of: recording questions (and perhaps answers) which a passage raised in your mind; reducing a complicated discussion to a simple statement; recording the if we die claude mckay, sequence of major points right through the books.” I hope to try these two tips so that at the end of my reading it will be easier for me to look back through the book, pick up the main ideas, and remember my thought process during that time. The message I found most useful of Adler’s was to about, take your time when reading; intelligence is not proven by reading at a faster pace. Adler justified that reading slower and must die claude taking the time to understand the Essay on Teratogen, content is more beneficial in mckay the long run than trying to finish a passage, not understand the meaning, and having to read a passage over silencing the past and the production again. Hi Sam. I agree that you get more engaged when you annotate a text and you are able to understand it better, I feel the if we must, same way. The two most helpful tips to you were the same ones that I feel would be most beneficial for me also.

I like that the most useful message to you was taking your time to for all, read because I agree. I am a slow reader and when I am rushed I am unable to comprehend the die claude mckay, text as much as I would if I was engaged and writing in the text. Hello Sam! I completely agree with you on how you said that you get the most out of a book is when you actually take the take and write in the margins. I agree that the only way to fully understand a book is if you annotate it. I am the this conquered the aztecs., same way as you when you explained that the only way to understand a book is if you take your time and write down important things that will help you. In “How to if we must mckay, Mark a Book” by Mortimer Alder, he encourages his readers to get more involved in books and write in moms them as if they were talking to the author.

He expresses how this method of reading a book is a lot more interesting. It also helps you to follow along with what you are reading and how you felt when you were reading it. I agree that marking a book is if we very helpful, especially when trying to understand a book, and it is ethically wrong something everyone should try so they can get a new perspective of must a book they possibly have read before. The most helpful tip that I use when reading is the past and the production of history writing in the margins because it helps me to remember what I have read. I never heard of if we writing numbers next to points that are made in an argument and this spanish conquered the aztecs. that is one tip that I would like to if we die claude mckay, try. Living With Schizophrenia Essay? After reading this text, I found a lot of things I can do while reading to help me engage in die claude what I’m reading.

I also really like when Alder said, “Reading means consuming, as you consume a steak, to ‘get it into spanish conquistador, your bloodstream.’” I have never really liked reading but I have always wanted to mckay, find a book that I can really consume and this spanish conquistador conquered enjoy. I find it hard to enjoy a book if I am trying to annotate the die claude mckay, text because I am constantly looking for something more than what the text is saying. I agree with you on the message as well because I find it very helpful when I make comments as if I am talking to the author. Additionally, I strongly agree when you mentioned that it helps you follow what you read and how you felt about the reading because I am able to express how I feel by conquered the aztecs. making a note on the margin. I also haven’t used the tip about writing tips next to if we, points of an argument, which is something I am hoping to use in the next readings.

If you really want to find a book to enjoy, think about a man, what kind of movies you like to watch? Funny, drama,horror, love, etc. I’m pretty sure you will enjoy a book based on the type of movies you enjoy because that’s what I do when I want to read a book on my own. In the essay “How to Mark a Book”, Mortimer J Adler is trying to convey the must, importance of annotating/ marking a book. The main purpose is to with, get his readers to understand the if we die claude, advantages of marking a book. This point is clearly stated when he says “want persuade you to ‘write between the this, lines.’ ‘Unless you do, you are not likely to do the most efficient kind of reading’”. Adler gives many reasoning as to why it is important to mark a book. One of them is die claude mckay that “Full ownership comes only when you have made it part of yourself, and the best way to make yourself a part of it is by writing in it.” He in other words is for all sparknotes saying that by writing in it the book becomes more personal, it becomes the reader’s property which allows them to understand it better. Other important reasons of die claude mckay why marking up a book that he states is that it keep you awake while reading, it also keeps you active in the reading and the book “tends to express itself in words, spoken or written”, and finally it is a good way to remember what you read and what were you thinking while reading it and Essay on Teratogen even what you thought of what the must mckay, author was thinking. All of this spanish conquistador conquered the aztecs. this reasons help us to see the must mckay, importance of marking up a book but as for me, one of the this conquistador the aztecs., advices I find more helpful and that I was doing the opposite if we must mckay of it is the about moms, keeping the reader awake. Meaning to be an active reader.

I would usually get sleepy when it came to reading but now that I started annotating I am actually interested in must die claude mckay the reading because I know exactly what the book is about based on seasons my notes. Now I will annotate in any reading assignment that I get even if it wasn’t asked. I agree with all the points you made. I especially like how you mentioned the staying awake part. Must Mckay? I typically get really tired when I read too and I think annotating is Living Schizophrenia Essay a great way of keeping you focused and more involved in the book, therefore, keeping you awake. I also, thought you chose great quotes to get your point across. You made it clear what Adler’s,”How to Mark a Book,” was truly about. In the book “How to Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, the must mckay, author is trying to seasons, get us readers to know what it really means to own a book. The message he is sending us is if we die claude mckay that the essay, only really way of reading and really owning a book is by marking it on the margins also called annotating.

Annotating is a method that Mortimer J. Must Die Claude? Adler uses which is writing main ideas, questions and Living Essay concerns on the margins. I strongly agree with Mortimer J. Adler in the method of how he marks a book. I agree with his method because I feel that annotating will help me improve my reading skills. Because I know I’m the kind of reader that always has to go back and reread what I just finished reading and with annotating I will have my main ideas on must die claude the margin and I can always just go back and look at what I wrote. The tips I find the most useful are underlining major points, numbers in the margins to indicate the sequence and writing on the margins main ideas or questions I have. I’m only really familiar with one since it’s the essay moms, most common one underling major points or ideas. The other two I’m not too familiar with but I really like them so after reading this article I told myself I’m going to start writing in the margins and numbering the if we mckay, sequence of events. The most useful message I found from reading this essay was the fact that you don’t technically own a book unless you have wrote in it. In the and the production of history, article Mortimer J. Adler says; “There are three kinds of book owners. The first has all the mckay, standard sets and best-sellers unread, untouched. The second has a great many books a few of them read through, most of them dipped into, but all of them as clean and shiny as the day they were bought.

The third has a few books or many every one of them dog eared and dilapidated, shaken and loosened by continual use, marked and scribbled in front and back.” Also he mentions that’s what your write on the margins is for you only Living with Schizophrenia Essay because yourself is the only one who will really understand them. I agree with all the points you made. I too am the type of if we must mckay reader that has to go back and spanish conquistador reread parts that I didn’t fully understand or read to quickly. I think annotating will really help with that as well. I liked how you explained what annotating was. I thought the passage about the different types of book owners was interesting as well. If We Must Die Claude? I think it’s a lot more meaningful to really own a book by reading and annotating in it then just owning several books for silencing power and the production of history their looks. I do agree with what Adler is really trying to see by really reading and annotating a book. By saying that I know that if I really start taking my time and must mckay annotating a book it will definitely help me become a better reader.

The major tip Adler gives with numbering the for all seasons, margins is very helpful because whenever I need to back up an argument I would know when the section will be. All an All reading How to if we mckay, mark a book was a good choice for reading because after reading this It will make me more cautious on annotating a book. I sympathize with the most useful message you found from the article. Ethically Wrong? Actually, I have borrowed my friend’s book and die claude mckay made a copy in order to read, but his marking was no meaning for me because which I wanted to mark was a different part. Besides, I agree with your idea about the importance of numbering because if I do so, it would be clear to recognize my points visually and easy to about moms, outline key points that I mark in my head when I read it again. If We? So, I will also try to number the sequence of about events in the margins. In “How To Mark A Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, he conveys the message of how important it is to must die claude mckay, annotate a book and not only just annotating but by also the different types of Essay book readers/owners. The main idea is if we mckay how to ethically wrong, not take the easy way out and annotate because if not you are taking it for crenated. I agree with his main idea because it is true with how it is important to annotate a book. For instance by marking a book like Adler said “It keeps you wide awake, it is mckay active, is thinking, and this spanish the aztecs. thinking tends to express itself in words, spoken or written.” Adler shows that not only marking a book is if we die claude important but it gains your skills to your reading and allows you to express you opinions more thoughtfully. Ethically Wrong? The best message that Adler put out if we must mckay, there was readers who tend to put more time in there reading which are slow readers are the most intelligent ones even if there the a man for all, last ones to finish.

Now I will take advantage of my annotating because it is die claude mckay very important to a man, do so and it helps you in die claude the long run. In the book ” How to mark a book”, the author is trying to ethically wrong, get the reader to really understand the concept of reading and owning a book. His main purpose is the author trying to convey us (readers) to be more active readers, such as to respond to the reading and also completely understand what you have just read. I do agree with the author due to the fact that its correct to write inside a book for if we must a better understand and a help aid when one gets threw long reading periods. Moms? i prefer underling and must high-lining over writing on about the margin its help you remember to go back and check the if we must mckay, underline parts and also make your book overlook look nice. The most useful things i learn for reading this book, was writing on the margins really it very useful method and with Schizophrenia its can be useful during taking notes and reading long boring books. I agree with your opinion especially with the author’s main point you picked up. I had never thought that a reader should respond to the reading and if we mckay the author before I read the article. If anything, I was passive when I read something. So, the idea about a reader’s position and the meaning of owing a book impressed my idea ever before. Besides, I understood the most useful idea that you learned. A Man For All Sparknotes? I also came across a long boring book and I wanted to give up reading, but as you wrote, it is die claude benefit that takes a note at such a situation.

Mortimer Adler’s essay, “How to ethically wrong, Mark a Book,” was written to if we must die claude, teach the reader why and a man how to really read and understand a book. Adler believes that by physically writing, drawing, labeling, and highlighting inside your book it will help people remember what they were thinking and feeling when they were reading it earlier. Adler states in his essay, “the physical act of writing, with your own hand, brings words and sentences more sharply before your mind and preserves them better in must your memory.” Not only does annotating and critical reading help you remember previous thoughts, but it also gets you much more involved in the book and connected with the author. While reading this essay I agreed with many of the points Adler brought up. I do think active reading can be extremely helpful in conquered the aztecs. understanding and if we must mckay remembering ideas throughout the book. Silencing Power Production Of History? Personally though, I, being a bit OCD about things and not wanting to ruin the books I purchase, would probably use sticky notes to die claude, write notes on. That was the only thing I couldn’t really agree with.

I do think it ruins the book to write all over it, so using a separate sheet of paper would be better in my opinion. This way I can still critically read and annotate, but keep my books in pristine condition. In the past I’ve taken pictures on my phone of passages I found significant and written them down later so that I didn’t have to write in my book. I also think it’s not always necessary to write in the book if you’re reading as a hobby. On that note, sometimes there’s still tough vocabulary or confusing areas in the text that you could make clearer by essay about annotating. In the past I have also been really good about looking up definitions to if we must die claude mckay, words I don’t understand while reading. I think that underling or highlighting the words and Essay writing the definition in the book or on a sticky note is a great way of actively reading and would be helpful when reading for an assignment or while reading for fun. By writing out the definition the chance of remembering it will be greater and will help improve your vocabulary. Highlighting and underlining key words and if we must die claude mckay phrases is this conquistador conquered the aztecs. something I currently do to annotate. As Adler suggested I think I will also try putting important page numbers relating to a passage within my book or on if we a sticky note. I thought this tip was helpful since sometimes parts in different areas of the book will relate or show similar topics to ethically wrong, other parts in the book.

And marking the corresponding page numbers could help especially when doing a research essay. Adler’s main idea in “How to die claude, Mark a Book” was that annotating is important. With? He mentioned that a reader has to make any text their own Write on it, highlight it, cross things out, it’s all important so you must do it to be the most successful reader. I agree with Adler’s idea because it simply makes sense. Yes writing will slow down my reading greatly but I will understand everything I read. I find writing on a notepad a great piece of advice I always just read, I will definitely consider trying it.

The most useful message I got from if we mckay, this was make a text your own and I definitely will do so. Hey Marcus, I want to agree with you on the main idea of “How to Mark a Book”. Although, I do think that all the Essay on Teratogen, techniques he mentions are important, but I don’t think everyone has to use all of them because different things work better for different people. Just like you said that writing in a notepad helps you. What kind of must die claude stuff do you write on the notepad? I’m curious to give that a try. Something I do is that I write random comments that come to my head and I write them next to the piece of reading that I reacted to. That helps me remember and understand what I am reading. Ethically Wrong? It’s mostly stuff like “damn” or “omg” that I write on the margins. You should give it a try.

In “How to Mark A Book,” by Mortimer J. Adler, Adler states that in order to become a real reader, and truly connect to the book one should “write between the must die claude, lines,” literally. When writing between the lines, or annotating, you are more likely to stay awake and aware of what is going on. When circling or underlining things you are thinking about the context, and processing what the author is saying. Critically thinking about the context can help you connect to the reading in a deeper level, much like having a conversation with the author. When owning a book it is perfectly okay to write all over the book, you are noting things that are important to you or circling vocabulary that you do not understand. You are taking things from the passage with you and this is exactly what the author wants. Growing up, we are taught to respect what is not yours; desks, scissors and especially books. However, Adler expresses that “Full ownership(of a book) comes only when you have made it a part of yourself, and the best way …is by writing in it.” I completely agree with this. On Teratogen? Full ownership of a book means that you have put effort and time into thinking or arguing all the if we die claude, points that the author has made. It is always a good idea to write your thoughts on Essay the margins because you can always go back and if we must mckay see exactly where your point of view stands. When putting all of on Teratogen your effort in must die claude mckay reading something, and annotating you are more likely to connect to the author, understand the material and it will be useful when concluding your final thoughts.

One of the a man for all, most helpful tips I read was Adler’s first annotating tip, “Underlining: of major points, of if we die claude mckay important or forceful statements,” I find it helpful because this is the most basic way to start annotating is by simply underlining things that pop out to you, or things that seem important. Another helpful tip is “Writing in the margin, or at the top or bottom of the essay, page, for the sake of: recording questions(and perhaps answers)…” After underlining whatever you found useful, it is a good habit to simply summarize what you underlined in the margin for future references, or if you do not know why you underlined certain sentences you can write a question mark to remind you to look deeper. I know that getting into the habit of if we underlining ideas and them summarizing them in the margins will help me take the reading slow, and a man seasons sparknotes will benefit me when looking back at the section. Besides the if we, annotating tips and the fairly good reason to do it, I also enjoyed another part of the power and the, passage, the mckay, types of book owners. There are three kinds of about moms book owners, the first has all the best sellers, and must die claude mckay other sets that have been recognized all over.However, they are all untouched, unmarked and perhaps unread. The second type of book owner, has a variety of books but only a few read, all still unmarked.

The last type of book owner, the third type, has very few books, all of Schizophrenia Essay them dilapidated, worn out and if we must die claude mckay written in. I own a few books, all of a man seasons sparknotes them were recognized and made into movies, and unmarked. I am the first kind of book owner.I also found another paragraph really interesting, when Adler is concluding his thoughts. Adler describing why it is important to annotate when reading, despite all of our theories that it will slow down our reading and hurt our skills. If We Must Mckay? “There is silencing power production of history no such thing as the right speed for intelligent reading,” some material is meant to be read quickly, while other is meant to be read slowly.I think that we often confuse the efficiency and if we speed of silencing power things as a sign of success, and we start to think that reading slowly or being the last one to must, finish a test is a sign of Essay on Teratogen stupidity. Overall, “How to Mark A Book” has some grateful tips for annotating and getting into the habit of annotating. It shows you a new perspective of why it is important to read and mark up a book. In the book “How to Mark a Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, the author explains that it is necessary to write in a book as long as you own the book because that more you take notes the die claude mckay, better the book can be understood even if you have to go back to a section you will easily remember about what it was that was read because you have quick notes that explain what happened. The message that he is trying to point out is do not keep the books clean but fill the empty margins and spaces with your thoughts or phrases that would give an easy flashback to each paragraph. Living With Essay? I agree that marking book and putting your thought and ideas is a great way to if we must mckay, really concentrate and stay focused on what is being read since half the time we daze off into space or just plain fall asleep but this would get you more involved with the writer instead of staring at a piece of paper with words on them. I do agree with all of essay moms Adler’s ideas to mark up a book in ways it becomes your own personal diary that only you can understand by using one or more marking tips that he list in his book.

The tips that I like to must die claude, use are circling keywords and phrases and underlining (aka highlighting). One tip I would like to ethically wrong, use in the future is making symbols that express my thoughts on a phrase or paragraph. If We Die Claude? The most useful message for me in this book was to not be the bookkeeper that just had books or occasionally read a book and kept them clean but to be the one who respected the writer by giving the book some more thoughts by silencing keeping mine in if we must die claude mckay them. After reading Adler’s How to ethically wrong, Mark a Book, I was able to understand that the message Adler is trying to if we die claude mckay, convey is that if you want to enjoy a book you should take notes and not be afraid to write all over your book. I agree with him mostly because the techniques he mentioned are techniques I use when I read. For example, I agree with him when he mentions, “…reading a book should be: a conversation between you and Essay the author.” I can relate to this because as I read out loud I talk and say comments as if I’m talking to the author. Then, I write them down next to what I read in order to remember it.

I find it helpful to take random notes on if we must die claude the margins of anything that comes to my head such as “oh damn” or “ooh ok” as a way for me to understand and remember what I read. Spanish Conquistador Conquered The Aztecs.? I don’t really use highlighting only underlying because it’s easier for me to keep track of if we must mckay my reading. However, I do need to a man seasons sparknotes, try to look up any words that I don’t know the definition of. In addition to must die claude, that, I also hope to start putting numbers on the margins in Schizophrenia order to keep track of different arguments. When I finished reading How to if we mckay, Mark a Book, the message I found useful the on Teratogen, most is when he says to stop reading if I start to must die claude, draw or get distracted. I find this useful because I would usually keep reading, hoping I’d get back on track, but I don’t and I forget what I read. In Mortimer Adler “How to Mark a Book”, he strongly recommends to a man for all, not just read a book but to understand the book. He explains, in if we must order to understand a reading, we need to mark the Living with Schizophrenia Essay, book with notes, questions, and opinions. We tell beginners to not write on books but as they grow up they soon find out that marking a book is if we must mckay essential to understanding it. Like Adler say’s “that marking up a book is not an act of mutilation but of love.” What Adler means is that we mark a book because we want to understand it. I completely agree with Adler.

I do believe that marking a book helps you understand the essay about moms, concept better than to just reading the book. Yes, marking a book does take more time but it’s worth taking the time to understand it than to not understanding it at all. When I’m assigned to read something, I always write in the margins. I usually write short summaries of the die claude mckay, paragraph or my opinion. I find writing in the margins the most helpful because I can go back to the page and read my comments. One tip I really want to try is the Essay, “Numbers in the margin.” I really never thought to follow the authors argument and now thinking about die claude mckay, it, this might be why I don’t understand some arguments when reading about them. With Essay? What I really liked about this article is that the author tells us to not be afraid to disagree with the must, author. I’ve always thought you had to agree with the author but apparently you don’t. For All Seasons? Another thing that opened my mind was the speed of reading doesn’t measure our intelligence.

From reading this article, I now feel prepared to mark a book and to understand the book. In ” How To Mark A Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, his main idea throughout the reading was that readers should connect themselves with their books in other to understand its content better. If We Die Claude Mckay? To do so he suggest that you and Living Schizophrenia Essay the book become one, “, and the best way to make yourself part of it is to write in if we die claude mckay it”, I completely agree with him because by writing your thoughts, questions, and opinions down you make this connection with book as well. On Teratogen? Because the book is your property and by engaging your mind with it, the odds are greater of you understand its message. For example when Mortimer states ” the must mckay, point is not to see how many of them you can get through but how many can get through you”, I believe that the purpose of about moms every book is to if we die claude, send its message but how is the reader going to silencing the past power production of history, receive that message if he/she isn’t engaging themselves? Mortimer then gives you tips on, I believe the most important one is the first one “underlying: of major points, of if we must mckay important or useful statements”, Its then easier to go back to those underlined words because I know they contain some level of importance. The one I’m interested in using is the fourth one ” Number in the margin: to indicate the sequence of with Schizophrenia points the author makes in developing a single argument” , I personally struggle to keep my notes neat, I go back and forward trying to find key points I will use in if we must essays. Ethically Wrong? This tip seems very promising , and its a very simple to do when writing, it’s not time wasting. As a person who speed reads a lot his message about speed reading really impacted me,” most of us have taken in by the notion that speeding reading is a measure of intelligence”. Must Die Claude? This made me reflect on now most teens read very quickly but never actually gather or remember any information. He’s right its not a measure of intelligence , its a measure of stupidity it makes me want to slow down and actually engage myself more.

After all, it was the Living Essay, tortoise who one the race in the end. In Mortimer J. Adler’s “How to mark a book,” he exemplifies that reading actively can benefit yourself if you really look into the book and actually make notes of things that will help you remember. He tries to get you to set everything aside with no distractions and just read and understand everything in the book. I agree with Adler’s main idea that the only way to if we mckay, understand a book is to take notes and annotate it. This motivates your mind to power of history, remember these things that you wrote down about the book. Making marks, slashes, highlights, and tears are what a book should really look like.

Whenever I read I make notes in my book and if I forget something at some point I go back and read my notes all over again. The thing that I find the most helpful to me is that having a conversation with the author is a better way for you to must, understand the book. Just by seasons writing in die claude mckay the book about the important things is what having a conversation with the author really is. The most useful message I found from reading this essay was that to really own a book, it has to have scratches and marks all over it. In “How to Mark A Book,” by Mortimer J. Adler, Adler’s main idea is to read in between the lines, to set apart what you have been told about reading and put it in a whole other perspective. The message that Adler is ethically wrong trying to die claude, convey is that if you want to fully understand the book you need to make it your own, underline, circle, highlight, write in this spanish conquistador the aztecs. the margins, cross out what you don’t agree with. His message to his readers is to simply mark up your book and to not be afraid to make notes in the open spaces. I completely agree with this idea. I agree mostly because it all makes sense, and i can relate to if we must die claude mckay, his arguments. one of them being that when writing and marking up your book it keeps you awake.

When i annotate a book it makes me more active and I start to think critically about what I am reading. What I find to be the ethically wrong, most helpful when reading and annotating it highlighting the main points and underlining the authors arguments. one tip that I would like to try is to if we must die claude, use the end papers at the back of the book to make a personal index of the author’s main points. A Man For All? The most useful message i found from if we must, reading this essay is to be an active reader. I tend to always doze off and get sleepy when reading but since annotating it has helped me to actually stay awake and be more engaged. In ” How To Mark A Book” by Mortimer J. Adler, what he is trying to a man, convey to his readers is that you should most definitely take notes in your books, explore it deeper by annotating all thoughts and points that you deem important.

I agree with Adler for this reason. This strengthens the readers skills on actually understanding what he or she is reading and going a step further to make notes on key point and or ideas. I personally find Adler’s “Numbers of the other pages in if we must the margin to be useful. A Man Sparknotes? This tip in particular wrap all the key details together that are scattered out through readings. And i find this to be very important on understand the concept of the reading as I read along.

And last but not least the most useful message I got out of this reading is not to be afraid of marking up a book. Let your mind think and your hand write down what you think is important to if we mckay, take note of. Essay About? “… the point is not to see how many of them you can get through, but rather how many can get through you- how many you can make your own.”

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Posted in Business Model versus Business Plan. As we prepared for the new Hacking for Defense class at Stanford, we had to if we must die claude, stop and ask ourselves: How do we use the Business Model Canvas if the primary goal is seasons sparknotes not to earn money, but to must mckay, fulfill a mission? In other words, how can we adapt the Business Model Canvas when the metrics of success for an organization is not revenue? Alexander Osterwalder and I think we have the answer – the ethically wrong, new Mission Model Canvas. Here are our collective thoughts.

The Lean Startup is the way most innovators build startups and innovate inside of existing companies. As a formal method, the Lean Startup consists of three parts: The Business Model Canvas has been a great invention for everyone from startups to large companies. Unlike an if we die claude org chart, which describes how a company executes to deliver known products to known customers, the Business Model Canvas illustrates the search for the unknowns that most new ventures face. The 9 boxes of the canvas let you visualize all the components needed to a man sparknotes, turn customer needs/problems into a profitable company. From Revenue Streams to Mission Achievement. The Business Model Canvas has served all of us well in thinking about must die claude, building businesses – and therein lies the about moms, problem. Must Mckay! In a business the aim is to earn more money than you spend. What if you’re a government or a military organization or part of the intelligence community?

In these cases you don’t earn money, but you mobilize resources and a budget to solve a particular problem and create value for a set of beneficiaries (customers, support organizations, warfighters, Congress, the country, etc.) For these organizations, the canvas box labeled Revenue Streams doesn’t make sense. In a mission-driven organization such as the defense and intelligence community, there is no revenue to measure . So the the past power and the, first step in building a canvas for mission-driven organizations is to change the Revenue Stream box in the canvas and come up with a counterpart that would provide a measure of success. We’re calling this alternative Mission Achievement . Must Mckay! Later in this post I’ll explain how we’ll measure and describe Mission Achievement , but first our Mission Model Canvas needs four more tweaks. Customer Segments is changed to Beneficiaries Cost Structure is changed to Mission Cost/Budget Channel is a man for all seasons sparknotes changed to Deployment Customer Relationships is if we must changed to Buy-in/Support. The rest of this blog post explains the how and why of these changes to the canvas. Customer Segments Change to Beneficiaries. At first glance, when developing a new technology for the past and the of history use in the defense and intelligence community, the must, customer appears obvious – it’s the ultimate war fighter. They will articulate pains in terms of size, weight, form fit, complexity and durability. But there are other key players involved. Requirement writers and acquisition folks look at systems integration across the battlefield system, while contracting officers, yet another segment, will count beans, measure the degree of competition and assess the quality of about moms, market research involved.

The support organizations need to worry about if we mckay, maintainability of code or hardware. Essay About Moms! Does legal need to must, sign off for cyber operations? So yes, war fighters are one customer segment, but others need to the past power, be involved before the war fighter can ever see the product. So the first insight is that in the defense and intelligence community mission models are always multi-sided markets with the goal of if we die claude, not just building a great demo but getting the product adopted and deployed. Second, in the defense and intelligence communities almost all of the mission models look like that of an OEM supplier – meaning there are multiple layers of customers in for all seasons sparknotes the value chain. Your product/service is just part of someone else’s larger system. So to differentiate “customers” from the standard business model canvas we’ll call all the different customer segments and if we, the layers in essay about moms the defense and intelligence value chain beneficiaries . The Value Proposition Canvas. Of all the nine boxes of the canvas, two important parts of the model are the relationship between the Value Proposition (what you’re building) and the beneficiaries. These two components of the business model are so important we give them their own name, Product/Market Fit. Because of the complexity of multiple beneficiaries and to get more detail about their gains and pains, Osterwalder added an additional canvas called the Value Proposition Canvas.

This functions like a plug-in to the Mission Model Canvas, zooming in to the value proposition to describe the interactions among these beneficiaries, war fighters, etc. and the product/service in more detail. Using the Value Proposition Canvas with the Mission Model Canvas lets you see both the big picture at die claude the mission model level and the detailed picture of each beneficiary at the “product/market fit” level. In the defense and intelligence community mission models, there will always be multiple beneficiaries. It’s important that each beneficiary gets its own separate Value Proposition Canvas . Distribution Channel changes to Deployment. In the commercial world we ask, “What type of distribution channel (direct sales, app store, system integrator, etc.) do we use to get the product/service from our company to silencing the past power and the, the customer segments?” For the Department of Defense or Intelligence organizations, we ask instead:

“What will it take to deploy the if we must die claude mckay, product/service from our current Minimum Viable Product to widespread use among people who need it?” (What architecture components can they innovate on power and the, and what can’t they?) “What constitutes a successful deployment? (number of users, units in the field, time to get it into the field, success in the field, etc.)” “How do we turn a Horizon 3 innovation into something that gets adopted by a Horizon 1 organization?” Customer Relationships changes to Buy-In/Support. In an existing business, Customer Relationships is defined as establishing and if we die claude mckay, maintaining a relationship to Living Schizophrenia, support existing customers. In a startup we redefined Customer Relationships to answer the question: How does a company get, keep and if we die claude mckay, grow customers? For the Essay, defense and intelligence communities, we have modified Customer Relationships to mean, “For each beneficiary (customer segment), how does the team get “Buy-In” from die claude, all the this conquistador conquered, beneficiaries?” Customer discovery helps you understand whose buy-in is if we must die claude mckay needed in ethically wrong order to deploy the product/service (legal, policy, procurement, etc.) and how to get those beneficiaries to buy-in? (Funding? Mandates? User requested? etc.) In addition, the long-term support and maintenance of must die claude mckay, new projects need to be articulated, understood and bought-into by the support organizations.

At the this spanish the aztecs., Pentagon a favorite way to kill something is to coordinate it to death by requiring buy-in from too many people too early. How to determine who are the small group of critical people to get buy-in from must die claude mckay, – and how to about moms, determine who are the next set required to sustain the iterative development of future MVP’s – is one of the must die claude, arts of entrepreneurship in the defense and intelligence community. Revenue Streams changes to Mission Achievement. Mission Achievement is the value you are creating for essay about the sum of all of the beneficiaries / the if we, greater good. It’s important to distinguish between the value for individual beneficiaries (on the Value Proposition Canvas) and overall Mission Achievement . For example, Mission Achievement could be measured in a variety of ways: the number of refugees housed and fed, the number of soldiers saved from roadside bombs, the number of cyberattacks prevented, the increased target surveillance of sensor fusion, etc. And The! None of these are measured in dollars and cents. Keep in mind, there is only mission achievement if it delivers value to the end beneficiary.

In the if we die claude mckay, defense and intelligence community the metrics of success are not revenue but mission achievement We’ve modified the Business Model Canvas into a Mission Model Canvas Changed Revenue Streams to on Teratogen, Mission Achievement Changed Customer Segments to Beneficiaries Changed Cost Structure to Mission Cost/Budget Changed Channel to Deployment Changed Customer Relationships to Buy-in/Support Organizations without specific revenue goals can now use a version of the Business Model Canvas. Why Build, Measure, Learn – isn’t just throwing things against the wall to must mckay, see if they work – the Minimal Viable Product. I am always surprised when critics complain that the Lean Startup’s Build, Measure, Learn approach is nothing more than “throwing incomplete products out of the building to see if they work.” Unfortunately the Build, Measure, Learn diagram is the cause of that confusion. Essay About! At first glance it seems like a fire-ready-aim process.

It’s time to update Build, Measure, Learn to what we now know is the best way to build Lean startups. Build, Measure, Learn sounds pretty simple. Build a product, get it into the real world, measure customers’ reactions and behaviors, learn from this, and if we must mckay, use what you’ve learned to build something better. Repeat, learning whether to iterate, pivot or restart until you have something that customers love. While it sounds simple , the silencing and the production of history, Build Measure Learn approach to if we mckay, product development is a radical improvement over and the production, the traditional Waterfall model used throughout the 20 th century to build and ship products. Back then, an entrepreneur used a serial product development process that proceeded step-by-step with little if any customer feedback.

Founders assumed they understood customer problems/needs, wrote engineering requirements documents, designed the product, implemented /built the hardware/software, verified that it worked by testing it, and then introduced the if we must die claude, product to customers in a formal coming out called first customer ship . Waterfall Development was all about execution of the requirements document. While early versions of the product were shared with customers in Alpha and Beta Testing, the goal of early customer access to the product was to uncover bugs not to provide feedback on features or usability. Only after shipping and essay about moms, attempting to must die claude mckay, sell the product would a startup hear any substantive feedback from with Schizophrenia Essay, customers. And too often, after months or even years of development, entrepreneurs learned the hard way that customers were not buying their product because they did not need or want most of its features. It often took companies three tries to get products right.

Version 1 was built without customer feedback, and before version 1 was complete work had already started on version 2 so it took till version 3 before the customer was really heard (e.g. Microsoft Windows 3.0) Best practices in software development started to move to agile development in the early 2000’s. This methodology improved on waterfall by building software iteratively and involving the customer. If We Must! But it lacked a framework for with Essay testing all commercialization hypotheses outside of the building. With Agile you could end up satisfying every feature a customer asked for and still go out of die claude mckay, business.

Then came the Essay, Build-Measure-learn focus of the Lean Startup. The goal of Build-Measure-Learn is die claude not to build a final product to ship or even to build a prototype of a product, but to maximize learning through incremental and iterative engineering. (Learning could be about product features, customer needs, the right pricing and silencing and the production of history, distribution channel, etc.) The “build” step refers to mckay, building a minimal viable product (an MVP.) It’s critical to understand that an MVP is not the product with fewer features. Rather it is the simplest thing that you can show to customers to get the most learning at that point in time . Early on in a startup, an MVP could simply be a PowerPoint slide, wireframe, clay model, sample data set, etc. Ethically Wrong! Each time you build an MVP you also define what you are trying to test/ measure . Later, as more is learned, the if we mckay, MVP’s go from low-fidelity to higher fidelity, but the Essay, goal continues to if we must die claude mckay, be to maximize learning not to build a beta/fully featured prototype of the the past power and the production, product. A major improvement over Waterfall development, Build Measure Learn lets startups be fast, agile and efficient. The three-circle diagram of die claude mckay, Build Measure Learn is good approximation of the process. Unfortunately, using the word “build” first often confuses people.

The diagram does seem to a man sparknotes, imply build stuff and throw it out of the building. If We Must Mckay! A more detailed version of the Build Measure Learn diagram helps to clarify the meaning by adding three more elements: Ideas -Build- Code -Measure- Data -Learn. The five-part version of the ethically wrong, Build Measure Learn diagram helps us see that the real intent of building is to test “ideas” – not just to build blindly without an objective. The circle labeled “code” could easily be labeled “build hardware” or “build artificial genome.” The circle labeled “data” indicates that after we measure our experiments we’ll use the data to further refine our learning. Mckay! And the new learning will influence our next ideas.

So we can see that the goal of Build-Measure-Learn isn’t just to build things, the goal is to build things to validate or invalidate the initial idea. The focus on testing specific ideas counters the concern that build-measure-learn is just throwing things against the wall and see if they work. But it’s still not good enough. We can now do better. Start With Hypotheses.

What Build-Measure-Learn misses is that new ventures (both startups and new ideas in existing companies) don’t start with “ideas”, they start with hypotheses (a fancy word for guesses.) It’s important to understand that the words “idea ” and Schizophrenia, “hypotheses” mean two very different things. For most innovators the must, word “idea” conjures up an insight that immediately requires a plan to ethically wrong, bring it to fruition. In contrast, a hypothesis means we have an educated guess that requires experimentation and data to validate or invalidate . These hypotheses span the gamut from who’s the customer(s), to if we die claude, what’s the value proposition (product/service features), pricing, distribution channel, and demand creation (customer acquisition, activation, retention, etc.) That the Lean Startup begins with acknowledging that your idea is simply a series of untested hypotheses is a big idea. It’s a really big idea because what you build needs to match the hypothesis you want to test . The minimum viable product you’ll need to build to find the right customers is different from the minimum viable product you need for testing pricing, which is different from an MVP you would build to spanish the aztecs., test specific product features. And all of these hypotheses (and minimal viable products) change over time as you learn more. So instead of Build-Measure-Learn, the diagram for building minimal viable products in a Lean Startup looks like Hypotheses – Experiments – Tests – Insights.

Using this new Hypotheses – Experiments – Tests – Insights diagram the question then becomes, “What hypotheses should I test?” Luckily Alexander Osterwalder’s business model canvas presents a visual overview of the if we mckay, nine components of a business on one page. They are: value proposition, product/service the company offers (along with its benefits to moms, customers) customer segments, such as users and mckay, payers or moms or teens distribution channels to reach customers and offer them the value proposition customer relationships to create demand revenue streams generated by the value proposition(s) activities necessary to implement the business model resources needed to make the activities possible partners 3 rd parties needed to make the ethically wrong, activities possible cost structure resulting from the if we die claude mckay, business model. And it brings us to a man for all seasons sparknotes, the definition of a startup: A startup is a temporary organization designed to search for a repeatable and die claude mckay, scalable business model . And once these hypotheses fill the Business Model Canvas, how does an entrepreneur go about testing them? If you’re a scientist the answer is easy: you run experiments.

The same is true in a Lean Startup. (The National Science Foundation described the Lean LaunchPad class as the scientific method for entrepreneurship.) The Customer Development process is a simple methodology for taking new venture hypotheses and getting out of the power of history, building to if we must, test them. A Man For All Seasons Sparknotes! Customer discovery captures the founders’ vision and turns it into if we a series of business model hypotheses. Then it develops a series of experiments to test customer reactions to those hypotheses and a man for all, turn them into facts. The experiments can be a series of questions you ask customers but most often a minimal viable product to help potential customers understand your solution accompanies the questions. So another big idea here is startups are not building minimal viable products to build a prototype. They are building minimal viable products to learn the most they can . Finally, the goal of if we must mckay, designing these experiments and minimal viable products is not to get data . The data is not the endpoint. Anyone can collect data. Focus groups collect data. This is not a focus group.

The goal is to get insight . Ethically Wrong! The entire point of getting out of the if we must mckay, building is to inform the founder’s vision . Ethically Wrong! The insight may come from must die claude mckay, analyzing customer responses, but it also may come from ignoring the data or realizing that what you are describing is a new, disruptive market that doesn’t exist, and essay about moms, that you need to change your experiments from measuring specifics to must die claude mckay, inventing the spanish conquistador, future. Build, Measure, Learn is a great improvement over Waterfall product development and provided the framework to truly join the customer to agile development However, emphasizing “Build” or “Ideas” as the first step misses the key insight about a Lean Startup – you are starting with hypotheses to be tested and are searching for mckay repeatable and scalable business model Hypotheses, Experiments, Test, Insights better represents the Lean startup process: Use the on Teratogen, Business Model Canvas to frame hypotheses, Customer Development to get out of the building to test hypotheses, and Agile Engineering to if we, build the product iteratively and incrementally. Fear of Failure and Lack of ethically wrong, Speed In a Large Corporation. I just spent a day working with Bob, the Chief Innovation Officer of a very smart large company I’ll call Acme Widgets. Bob summarized Acme’s impediments to innovation. “At our company we have a culture that fears failure. A failed project is considered a negative to a corporate career.

As a result, few people want to start a project that might not succeed. And worse, even if someone does manage to start something new, our management structure has so many financial, legal and HR hurdles that every initiative needs to match our existing business financial metrics, processes and procedures. If We Must Mckay! So we end up in ethically wrong “paralysis by mckay, analysis” – moving slowly to ensure we don’t make mistakes and a man for all, that everyone signs off on if we, every idea (so we can spread the collective blame if it fails). And when we do make bets, they’re small bets on incremental products or acquisitions that simply add to the bottom line.” Bob looked wistful, “Our founders built a company known for taking risks and moving fast. Now we’re known for “making the on Teratogen, numbers,” living on our past successes. More agile competitors are starting to eat into our business. How can we restart our innovation culture?” What Drives Innovation?

I pointed out to if we must, Bob the irony – in a large company “fear of failure” inhibits speed and risk taking while in a startup “fear of failure” drives speed and urgency. If we could understand the root cause of that difference, I said, we could help Acme build a system for continuous innovation. I suggested the best place to start the conversation is the past and the production with the if we must mckay, 21 st century definition of a startup: A startup is a temporary organization designed to search for a repeatable and scalable business model. Startups have finite time and resources to find product/market fit before they run out of the past power of history, money. Therefore startups trade off certainty for speed, adopting “good enough decision making” and iterating and pivoting as they fail, learn, and if we must die claude mckay, discover their business model. The corollary for a large company is: A company is a permanent organization designed to execute a repeatable and scalable business model. That means in their core business, large companies have a series of Living with Schizophrenia, knowns . They’ve found product/market fit (what products customers want to buy). If We Die Claude! They’ve learned the best distribution channel to Schizophrenia, get the product from their company to if we die claude mckay, the customer.

They’ve figured out the revenue model (subscription, license, direct sale, etc.) and how to price the product. Essay! They know the activities, resources and partners (manufacturing, regulation, IP, supply chain, etc.) – and the costs to deliver the product/service and have well defined product development and product management tools that emphasize the linear nature of shipping products to existing customers. There are financial metrics (Return on Investment, Hurdle Rate, etc.) for new product development that emphasize immediate returns. And everyone has job titles and job descriptions that describe their role in execution . Why Execution and Innovation Need Different Tools, Cultures and Organizations. Talking to Bob I realized that at if we must die claude Acme Widgets (and in most large companies) the word “failure” was being used to Living Schizophrenia Essay, describe two very different events: failure in execution of a known product in known market failure in searching for if we mckay innovation when there are many unknowns. Therefore, in a large company, failure to spanish conquered, meet a goal – revenue, product delivery, service, etc.– is a failure in execution of an individual and/or organization to perform to die claude mckay, a known set of this conquistador the aztecs., success criteria . In corporations the must mckay, penalty for repeated failure on known tasks is being reassigned to other tasks or asked to leave the company. As I sat with Bob and his innovation team, I realized that all of Acme’s new product innovation initiatives were being held to a man seasons sparknotes, the same standard as those of existing products . If We Must Die Claude Mckay! Acme was approaching innovation and ethically wrong, disruptive product ideas using the same processes, procedures, schedules, and if we die claude mckay, incentives within the same organizational structure and culture as its existing businesses.

No wonder innovation at Acme had stalled. The Ambidextrous Organization – Execution and this conquered, Innovation. That companies should be simultaneously executing and innovating isn’t a new insight. For decades others have observed that companies needed to be ambidextrous. Die Claude Mckay! So while we did not lack the insight that execution and innovation need to be separate, we did lack the Essay, processes, tools, culture and organizational structures to implement it . Corporate innovation initiatives have spent decades looking at if we die claude mckay other corporate structures as models for innovation when in fact we should have been looking at startups for innovation models – and adapting and on Teratogen, adopting them for corporate use. What We Now Know about Corporate Innovation. In the last five years, as the need for continuous innovation in companies has become critical, Lean innovation methodologies (Lean LaunchPad/I-Corps) have also emerged. If We Must! These methods allow rapid experimentation – at startup speed – with the same rigor and discipline as traditional execution processes.

Adopted by silencing the past production, the National Science Foundation and large companies, over 1000 teams have used the process, and the resulting commercialization success speaks for if we die claude itself. But running a Lean Startup inside an organization designed for moms execution is an exercise in futility. Working with large corporations we’ve learned that innovation groups need their own structure, culture, tools (Lean, Design Thinking, etc.), metrics (validated/invalidated hypotheses, Investment Readiness Level) and processes. Must Die Claude Mckay! And both organizations – execution and innovation – need to understand that the success of the company rests on how well they can cooperate. Bob’s eyes lit up as he said, “Now I understand why innovation seemed beyond our reach. The Past And The Of History! We were missing four ideas: Accepting failure and running at speed are part of an innovation culture. Must Mckay! We need to separate out innovation risks from execution risks. There are now proven Lean innovation methodologies (Lean LaunchPad/I-Corps) that we can use off the shelf in building an innovation culture without inventing our own. We need to make sure that management no longer uses execution metrics to manage and judge our innovation teams. In a startup “fear of a man for all seasons, failure” drives speed and urgency In a large company “fear of failure” inhibits speed and risk Innovation means experimentation in searching for a business model.

Often failure is the norm not the exception. Innovation processes and metrics need to be different from those of the execution organizations There are proven Lean innovation methodologies that work in large existing companies. I’m on the Air – On Sirius XM Channel 111. Starting this Monday, March 9 th 4-6pm Pacific Time I’ll be on the radio hosting the Bay Area Ventures program on if we mckay, Sirius XM radio Channel 111 – the Wharton Business Radio Channel. Over this program I’ll be talking to essay, entrepreneurs, financial experts and academic leaders in the tech and biotech industries. And if the past is mckay prologue I guarantee you that this will be radio worth listening to. On our first show, Monday March 9 th 4-6pm Pacific Time join me, as I chat with Alexander Osterwalder – inventor of the Business Model Canvas, and Oren Jacob, ex-CTO of Pixar and now CEO of spanish conquered, ToyTalk on Sirius XM Radio Channel 111 . Oren Jacob – CEO ToyTalk. Alex Osterwalder – Business Models. On Monday’s show we’ll be talking about a range of entrepreneurship topics: what’s a Business Model Canvas, how to build startups efficiently, the must die claude, 9 deadly sins of a startup, the life of a startup CEO, how large companies can innovate at startup speeds. But it won’t just be us talking; we’ll be taking your questions live and on essay about, the air by mckay, phone, email or Twitter. On April 27 th , on the past and the production, my next program, my guest will be Eric Ries the author of the Lean Startup.

Future guests include Marc Pincus, founder of Zynga, and other interesting founders and investors. Is there anyone you’d like to hear on the air on future shows? Any specific topics you’d like discussed? Leave me a comment. Mark your calendar for 4-6pm Pacific Time on Sirius XM Radio Channel 111 : Blowing up the Business Plan at if we must die claude U.C. Berkeley Haas Business School. During the Cold War with the Soviet Union, science and engineering at both Stanford and U.C.

Berkeley were heavily funded to develop Cold War weapon systems. Spanish Conquered The Aztecs.! Stanford’s focus was Electronic Intelligence and those advanced microwave components and systems were useful in if we die claude a variety of weapons systems. Starting in the 1950’s, Stanford’s engineering department became “outward facing” and developed a culture of conquered, spinouts and active faculty support and if we die claude, participation in the first wave of Silicon Valley startups. At the silencing the past power production, same time Berkeley was also developing Cold War weapons systems. However its focus was nuclear weapons – not something you wanted to be spinning out. Die Claude! So Berkeley started a half century history of “inward facing innovation” focused on the Lawrence Livermore nuclear weapons lab. (See the presentation here.) Given its inward focus, Berkeley has always been the neglected sibling in Silicon Valley entrepreneurship. That has changed in conquistador conquered the last few years.

Today the U.C. If We Must! Berkeley Haas Business School is ethically wrong a leader in entrepreneurship education. It has replaced how to write a business plan with hands-on Lean Startup methods. It’s teaching the LaunchPad ® and the I-Corps for the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health, as well as corporate entrepreneurship courses. Here’s the story from Andre Marquis, Executive Director of Berkeley’s Lester Center for Entrepreneurship. When I came to mckay, U.C. Berkeley in 2010 to run the Lester Center for Entrepreneurship in the Haas School of silencing and the of history, Business we were teaching entrepreneurship the same way as when I was a student back in 1995. Our core MBA class used the seminal textbook New Venture Creation by Jeffrey Timmons of Babson College that was first published in 1977.

The final deliverable for if we must mckay that class was a 30-page business plan. We had multiple business plan competitions. As I looked around at other schools, I saw pretty much the same landscape – business plan classes, business plan competitions and loosely coupled accelerators that focused primarily on mentoring. Over my career as a serial entrepreneur I observed that since the late 1990s, no early-stage Silicon Valley investor had used business plans to screen investments. Even those who asked for them never read them. Traction and evidence from customers were what investors were looking for – even in “slow” sectors like healthcare and silencing the past and the of history, energy. There had been tectonic shifts in the startup world, but our business school curriculum had barely moved. There was a big gap in our educational paradigm. To create great entrepreneurs, we had to give our students the experience of must mckay, navigating the chaos and uncertainty of running a lean startup while providing the ethically wrong, same kind of rigorous framework the business plan did in its day. The advantage of following New Venture Creation is that it had a deep pedagogical infrastructure that students took away after they left school.

The disadvantage is if we must that its methodology was based on the old waterfall model of product development and not the agile and lean methods that startups use today. As I began my search to Living, increase the relevance of our entrepreneurship curriculum with the same rigor as Timmons and New Venture Creation, I found the answer right here at Berkeley, in if we die claude mckay Steve Blank’s Lean LaunchPad class. (Our founding Executive Director Jerry Engel, recently retired to become dean of faculty for the National Science Foundation I-Corps, had a tradition of for all sparknotes, incorporating leading practioners, like Steve. Die Claude Mckay! These ‘pracademics’ proved to Essay on Teratogen, be some of the biggest innovators in entrepreneurship education.) Seeing Is Believing. The Lean LaunchPad class was completely different from a traditional entrepreneurship class. It taught lean theory (business model design, customer development and must die claude, agile engineering) and practice. Every week, each student team stood in front of the class and essay, presented their business model hypotheses, what they had learned from talking to customers, demo’d their minimal viable products and had to explain what they were going to do next. Die Claude Mckay! Steve and the venture capitalists at the back of the essay about, room relentlessly peppered them with questions and if we must mckay, pushed them to get out of the building and call on the real decision-makers instead of talking to people they already knew. Some teams stepped down from the podium proud that they had made real progress that week while others were chastised because they stuck to their comfort zone, were not doing the tough work required by entrepreneurs and on the road to failure. I realized this class was teaching students exactly what it felt like to be an entrepreneur!

Great entrepreneurs are on a search for ethically wrong the truth, no matter how wrong their initial conception is. Being an entrepreneur is about starting out with no idea whether you are working on if we must die claude, the next big thing or something no one wants and certainly no one will pay for. It’s struggling to find the ethically wrong, right path forward through chaos and uncertainty. If We Must Die Claude! Killing bad ideas quickly and moving on. Staring at the phone while mentally wrestling to pick it up to with Essay, make that next cold call. It’s having investors tell you that you’re dead wrong and, perhaps with enough customer traction, showing them the path to must, a new future neither of about moms, you could see at the time. And there it was. Die Claude! The Lean LaunchPad was unlike any class I’d ever seen. As a Silicon Valley entrepreneur I had lived the lean approach, yet I had never seen it taught. Done informally as part of an accelerator, yes, but not with a framework based on a clear process and Essay on Teratogen, clear pedagogy.

The Lean LaunchPad was teaching students concepts and a process that they took away from the class and could use again for their next startup. I realized I was looking at a paradigm shift in entrepreneurial education – away from the business plan-focused model to a Lean Startup model. (The irony is if we that once you’ve gone through the lean cycle, you have all the information that goes in a business plan: customers, sales strategy, product features, and financial metrics. Essay On Teratogen! It’s just that they are validated instead of made up.) The Business Plan is Dead. Now, 4 years after I arrived at BerkeleyHaas, we don’t teach business plan writing in must mckay any of our entrepreneurship classes or in any of ethically wrong, our dozens of programs and must die claude, competitions. Sparknotes! We use Customer Development and the Lean LaunchPad to train and accelerate teams U.C. Berkeley-wide. We’ve gone global as well. Mckay! In the past year alone, we’ve taught over 250 teams, over 1,000 entrepreneurs and their mentors in this spanish dozens of countries how to create scalable startups in domains from if we must mckay, software and hardware to healthcare and Living with Schizophrenia, energy.

Haas global footprint. The international teams watch the if we must, lectures online, get out Essay on Teratogen, of the building, present to us each week via WebEx and get the same brand of relentless and direct feedback their U.C. Must Die Claude! Berkeley peers got in Steve’s class. For example, our Intel Technology To Market Accelerator took 22 teams from 11 countries across 15 time zones, from northern Russia to southern Chile and from Saudi Arabia to the U.S. (Chicago) through the Lean LaunchPad process. Clearly, lean works globally.

And we’ve been part of the ethically wrong, U.S. effort to use the Lean LaunchPad to accelerate commercialization for the country’s best research spinouts from the National Science Foundation and National Institutes of Health. We do this by running classes for the NSF Innovation Corps and The I-Corps at the NIH. And the same lean techniques work just as well in the corporate innovation programs we run such as the Intel Make It Wearable Challenge. An important distinction is that these programs are accelerators. The teams in them start with an idea or product, meet with customers, build prototypes and search for a scalable business model. All declare their startup a “go” or “no go” at if we must die claude the end. They learn it’s all about building to essay, scale, pivoting or declaring failure, and mckay, moving on using a hypothesis-driven search for the truth. Even our venerable 15-year old business plan competition, once dubbed “bplan,” has transformed into LAUNCH, a multi-month accelerator with a rigorous process combining the Lean LaunchPad, agile product development and a focus on measurable Lean Analytics. Ironically, LAUNCH has turned out to essay about moms, be much more rigorous than the prior business plan competition because we immerse every entrepreneur and their mentors in conquering the if we die claude, chaos and uncertainty that is normal for startups.

We expect them to come out with specific knowledge of their markets and business ecosystem, verified metrics, a product and a plan for moving forward based on interacting with their actual customers – not honing the teams for a beauty pageant-like pitch fest or making them produce a business plan that’s fundamentally speculative. Power And The! As educators, we are having a deep impact on these entrepreneurs and their startups. Lean LaunchPad Works Across Industries. I often hear the concern that the if we must mckay, Lean LaunchPad only works for software. After 700 teams in robotics, materials, hardware, therapeutics, diagnostics, medical devices, and for all sparknotes, enterprise software, it’s clear that Lean Startup methods work across all industries. We’ve taught versions of the Lean LaunchPad for life sciences at UCSF and as part of the National Institutes of if we mckay, Health, for hardware-focused startups making wearable devices as part of the Intel Make It Wearable Challenge, for teams working on Living Schizophrenia Essay, nanotechnology and in if we die claude mckay education (STEMKids and Build and Imagine). Power Production Of History! Two of our BerkeleyHaas Faculty, Jorge Calderon and Will Rosenzweig, created a Social Lean LaunchPad class that embraces the mission and if we die claude, stakeholders central to social ventures. Whether it’s making iPhone apps or medical devices, every startup is looking for a repeatable and scalable business model. Focusing on finding customer needs, figuring out how they buy and how to scale up product delivery are universal. Where We Are Going From Here.

At U.C. Berkeley we’ve undergone a complete transformation in just four years. But the for all, longer journey is to continue to build new lean-tools and classes separate from the 40 year-old, business plan-based tradition. We continue to ask ourselves, “What can we do to get our students out of the classroom, in cross-functional teams, building for specific customers and having the experience of making hard decisions under conditions of uncertainty? What can we do to expand and deepen the rigor of the Lean Startup methodologies and fully elaborate our curriculum?” At BerkeleyHaas we are sharing what we are learning (see below). By embracing lean, you can be assured you will be giving your students essential innovation skills they will use for the rest of their lives.

You will see great startups focused on solving real customer problems emerge as well. This is an exciting journey and we are all right at the start. Some resources for shifting the paradigm in your organization: Early-stage investors don’t read business plans We are in the middle of a shift in entrepreneurship education from teaching the waterfall model of startup development (enshrined in business plans) to teaching the lean startup model The Lean LaunchPad process works across a wide range of domains – from science and engineering to healthcare, energy, government, the social sector and for corporate innovation Customer Development works outside Silicon Valley. If We Must Die Claude! In fact, it works globally The Lean LaunchPad is a business process that teaches entrepreneurs and innovators to make business-focused, evidence-based decisions under conditions of chaos and uncertainty.

It’s a big idea.

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50 harvard essays EssayEdge offers all users free access to over 100 admissions essays accepted by the United States' top undergraduate, graduate, and professional programs. The following Sample Admissions Essays were accepted by Harvard. Sample Admissions Essays - Accepted by Harvard (Courtesy of EssayEdge ) Influence? Why is it that the people who influence us most influence us in ways that are not easily quantified? Through her work with abused children, my mother has shown me the heroism of selfless dedication to a worthy cause. By being an upstanding individual, my playwriting teacher in middle school acted as an inspiring male role model at a time when I needed one most. If We Mckay? By being approachable and interesting, my World History teacher in my freshman year of essay about high school opened my eyes to the connections between a society's culture and its history and broadened my view of if we mckay cultures and the world. While these influences mean much to Essay on Teratogen me and have contributed greatly to my development, they came too easily to mind.

The fact that I could sit down and write a list of how these people influenced me suggests that the influence did not alter me in any profound way. These people are all my elders, and perhaps I feel distanced from them. The person whose influence shook me to the deepest level is a person whose influence is nearly impossible to describe. Mike, the if we must die claude mckay best friend I’ve ever had, changed me, and with Essay I changed him at one of the most crucial times in our lives: the must seventh grade. We developed our personalities, our senses of humor, and our love for Living with, girls at the same time and in must die claude mckay, the same manner. It would cheapen his influence to quantify it; I am what I am because of him; I cannot say that about anybody else. Mike came to my school in spanish conquistador conquered, the seventh grade, and we immediately clicked. Before he came, I didn’t feel like an outcast by any means, as I had my friends that I had known since first grade. If We Must Die Claude Mckay? However, until Mike, I never had anyone my age to identify with completely. Mike made me feel confident in silencing and the, who I was; he reaffirmed my drives and my thoughts and my inspirations.

At this awkward stage in our lives, we found uncritical appreciation in each other. We both were obsessed by must mckay, movies and moms had a similar sense of humor. We had the same problems and the same thoughts. That was all it took. Halfway through that same year, Mike and I became inseparable. In fact, our yearbook had a section that lists the names of students and if we must mckay what they were never seen without. Under Mike, it read: “Ted, ” and under Ted: “Mike.” I became a staple at his house and he at mine. Essay About Moms? We no longer had to ask our parents if it was ok to die claude mckay have a sleepover on weekends, they assumed we would. On weekdays, we usually walked over to Essay his house, which was near school, and if we hung out there till I had to for all go home.

Our favorite past time on those long afternoons after school was to if we must die claude walk to the nearby food mart and get a bag of chips and two 24 oz. Conquistador Conquered The Aztecs.? Coca-Colas. Watching a movie, we would sit on his couch with our chips and Coke and talk about our dreams of working together in if we must die claude, the movies. Mike wanted to be a director and actor, and I wanted to be an actor and a playwright/screenwriter. It was the perfect combination. Living With Essay? We even tried writing a few scripts together. Of course, as two seventh grade boys, it wasn’t all skips through the park either. We were extremely competitive and die claude would get into brutal fights for seemingly no reason at all. One time, I pulled out a chunk of his hair, but I don’t remember what started the fight. Ethically Wrong? I think that our connection was so intense that we could not have normal emotions toward each other. As friends, we were best friends, but in die claude, an argument, we wanted to fight each other to the death.

Still, the Wrestlemania days were rare; ordinarily, the intensity of that connection was a good thing. Ethically Wrong? I was pretty shy about die claude mckay, girls, and when I did talk about them with guys, I would usually just say a girl was hot. With Mike, I could really talk about production, girls and if we must die claude mckay who they were; with Mike, I didn’t have to put on Essay my public “cool” facade but could really say what I felt about a girl. Then we went to separate high schools. We tried to maintain the friendship, and die claude mckay you might think we would have been able to since we had been so close, but we drifted apart. Living Schizophrenia? Our friendship was based on being near each constantly, of growing up in the same town, under the same conditions, with the same hopes, fears, and dreams. Now we still go to movies occasionally and hang out, but it's not the if we must die claude mckay same, and ethically wrong we both know it. I thought Mike and I would be friends forever, and maybe we will be. I mean, we have to make those movies together, right? But the way things look right now, I doubt we will ever reconnect. Our friendship in must, the seventh grade was magical, and ethically wrong lightning doesn’t strike twice.

My playwriting teacher from middle school left, but I handled it. I learned a great deal from him, and I appreciate him for if we must die claude, the subject he taught and the way that he taught it. I will probably miss my parents when I leave for college, but I doubt the separation will pain me deeply since the connection between parents and children will always be there. With Mike, I lost the best friend I ever had, and this spanish conquistador conquered the aztecs. I lost that forever. Losing that kind of bond cuts deep, and I know it's the type of wound that doesn't heal. It’s the type of wound you just live with. But just because we're not friends anymore, it doesn't slight the times we had when we were friends. If We? Those times are what influenced me so deeply. No, Mike did not work some lesson into my heart, he worked himself into my heart, and silencing power production even if I never see the guy again he changed me forever. I think that finding someone who you truly connect with and feel that you were destined to meet, someone who you feel truly understands you and makes you feel special, I think meeting someone like that is one of the if we must mckay most profound experiences you can have. For access to 100 free sample successful admissions essays, visit EssayEdge . Sample Application and Admissions Essays: Used by admissions officers to decide between two (or even two hundred) candidates with almost identical profiles, the application essay is often the only guide admissions officers have of your ambition, personality, and silencing the past production interests.

As a result, your essay must be unique, captivating, and informative. Try the free online entrance essay course offered by Essay Edge and Cyber Edit. If We Must Die Claude? Named the world's premier application essay editing service by on Teratogen, The New York Times , EssayEdge has helped more applicants write successful application essays than any other company in the world. This course offers extensive advice on how to write outstanding admissions essays.

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drawing essays Figure 1. Donald Judd, Untitled , 1967. Graphite on paper, 10 3/4 x 13 1/4 inches (27.3 x 33.7 cm) Art © Estate of Donald Judd/Licensed by if we die claude mckay, VAGA, New York, NY. System, Seriality, and ethically wrong the Handmade Mark in must mckay, Minimal and Conceptual Art. The exhibition Notations: Contemporary Drawing as Idea and Process presents drawings produced by seminal American artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, as well as a selection of works by artists of subsequent generations who continue to engage with the aesthetic strategies and procedures of spanish conquistador their predecessors.

1 In some cases the drawings on view are self-contained and autonomous, but often they are studies for if we must die claude mckay how to proceed to make a sculpture, an installation, or a site-specific work. The grid, the diagram, and serial ordering (all methods of de-skilling or noncomposition) are regularly employed as foils to subjective decision making. Yet the examination of a broad array of drawings by these practitioners reveals distinctive bodies of work that, far from ethically wrong being impersonal or uniform, are as diverse as the artists are innovative. While some artists tended to foreground thought and knowledge as the essential components of an artwork, others focused on the materials themselves with an equal degree of concentration. In both instances the visual and physical allure of if we their drawings is no less important than the ideas that they convey. Central to Living with Schizophrenia Essay the exhibition is the paradoxical compatibility between the use of a priori systems and if we must the individual touch of the artist in an artistic environment that embraced an Living Schizophrenia, antiemotive “serial attitude” as something akin to an ethos. 2 Much has been made of the purported purging of authorial intentionality and subjectivity in Minimal and Conceptual art, which placed a heightened emphasis on analytic rigor, systematic planning, and serial methodologies. This move is often characterized as a “cool” reaction to the “hot” psychologically transparent practices and if we die claude mckay rhetoric of heroic individualism associated with modernist abstraction in the United States in this conquistador conquered the aztecs., the post–World War II era. 3 The purported shift from hot to must cool—from gestural disclosure to rational, antiauthorial approaches—was, however, never definitive or clear-cut.

Drawing, a medium long associated with both the silencing and the production, activity of ideation and die claude the manual act of creation, played a central role in attempts by artists associated with the process-based and conceptually rigorous practices of Minimal and Conceptual art to open up established understandings of aesthetic production as well as a generative site for the ongoing negotiation of the relationship between subjective and objective approaches, between touch and measured distance. Drawing thus offers a compelling means through which to reexamine the received narrative of the art of this period. Artists engaged in a variety of strategies and agendas—including Dan Flavin, Eva Hesse, Barry Le Va, and Sol LeWitt—readily embraced drawing’s salient attributes—its mobility and elasticity, its economy and antimonumental character, its exploratory nature, and its facility for acting as a mediator, translating abstract concepts into a man seasons sparknotes form—to produce works that are notational, diagrammatic, and reductive. Often small in scale, delicate, playful, and highly nuanced, these drawings suggest a level of intimacy and direct encounter with the artists’ thoughts and intentions that is less readily apparent in their work in if we die claude mckay, other mediums. Drawing is approached here as a powerful if underrecognized lens through which to explore the productive tensions between rational calculation and subjective expression, concept and material form, and precision and disorder that animate much of the work on view in this exhibition.

Industrial Fabrication / Individual Notation. Employing basic forms, industrial materials, and serial repetition, artists associated with Minimalism, such as Donald Judd and Dan Flavin, sought to free art from symbolic emotional content and pretensions about its transcendent quality. While the established narrative of Essay Minimalism emphasizes an obscuring, even an erasure, of the artist’s hand through the must mckay, use of industrial fabrication and readymade materials, the preparatory and silencing and the of history working drawings (necessities given that their art objects were fabricated industrially) produced by these artists reintroduce the hand into if we mckay the movement’s legacy. Essay About Moms? 4 By revealing the idea of the system and the plan for construction, these drawings expose the process of if we must die claude creation and stand as vital counterpoints to the sterile perfection of the standardized industrial Minimalist object. The “literalist” position held by Minimalism in for all, the mid-1960s is exemplified by if we die claude, the work of Living with Judd, whose 1965 essay “Specific Objects” set out the basic tenets of his approach: creating self-sufficient and must self-referential objects based on material specificity. Using industrial materials such as Plexiglas, aluminum, and about rolled steel rather than fine art materials, Judd placed his work in a continuum with the mass-produced commodity as opposed to must die claude mckay the history of sculpture. The artist employed drawing to ethically wrong work out structure, proportion, and spatial relationships for sculpture but never considered his works on paper as anything other than technical instructions, a type of language used to convey information for the execution of standardized three-dimensional forms. Hand-drawn works providing dimensions and material specifications, such as his untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 1), paradoxically support his decidedly hands-off management style of delegation and supervision. 5. While Judd understood his working drawings as necessary supporting material for if we must die claude the creation of his serial sculptural works, drawing played a more essential role in the practice of the past and the production his Minimalist contemporary Dan Flavin.

The artist drew incessantly and for mckay a variety of purposes: to notate an idea or create working drawings for artworks in other media; to with Schizophrenia Essay make quick renderings of nature; to execute finished presentation drawings for if we must sale; and to commission “final finished diagrams”—drawn in colored pencil on graph paper by his wife, son, and ethically wrong studio assistants—which acted as records of his site-specific fluorescent light installations. If We Die Claude Mckay? 6 The act of drawing increased in importance once Flavin’s practice shifted, around 1963, to making works employing readymade fluorescent lamps bought from the hardware store and installed by technicians. He used commonplace materials (ballpoint pen, office paper) to sketch and document possible arrangements for site-specific installations. Essay On Teratogen? Although he tended to downplay the if we die claude mckay, graphic value of these drawings, they were essential to his practice, existing as residues of thought. Flavin was always careful to save and date each of these works on paper in order to ethically wrong record the sequence in which they were made.

Drawing thus became a way of projecting and planning situations and a means of archiving those plans, relating both to the future and to the past. 7. Figure 2. Dan Flavin, Four drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb.

12, 1973; Feb. 14, 1973 , 1973. Ballpoint pen on typing paper, 4 sheets, each 8 1/2 x 11 inches (21.6 x 27.9 cm) © 2012 Stephen Flavin / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Four Drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb. Must Die Claude Mckay? 12, 1973; Feb.

14, 1973 (1973; fig. Essay About Moms? 2) is representative of die claude mckay these working drawings. Rendered in pen on white typing paper, these minimal graphic renderings are composed of a man seasons a series of what Flavin described as “impetuous marks, sudden summary jottings . . . those of a kind of intimate, idiosyncratic, synoptic shorthand (by now, mainly my ‘style’).” 8 The four drawings that make up this group were produced over the course of a week. Must Die Claude? Flavin scribbled over and rejected the earliest drawing in the series (Feb. 7, 1973), while the word final is written and underlined in essay about, his expressive handwriting at the top of the sheet dated February 14, 1973. If We Die Claude Mckay? Memos run all over these pages, supplying information such as color, location, and dimensions. Fluorescent tubes are represented by writing out the name of the Living with, color horizontally and vertically (daylight, warm white, cool white, red, yellow, etc.), literally drawing with words.

One drawing includes a series of if we die claude mckay dedications to friends: “to Kay Foster,” “to Donna.” Personal dedications were common in Flavin’s practice, referring not only to friends but also to art historical figures such as Barnett Newman and to political events, as in a 1970s drawing dedicated “to the young woman and conquistador the aztecs. men murdered in Kent State and Jackson State Universities and to their fellow students who are yet to be killed.” The inclusion of these personal notes lends Flavin’s work a poetic and political dimension not normally associated with the technical, industrial look of Minimalism. Drawing proved less well suited to the overall goals of other artists associated with Minimalism, for die claude mckay whom the medium gave undue preference to the conceptual over the physical and temporal experience of ethically wrong their sculptural work and the ambiguities of if we mckay that experience. The emphasis on the gap between conception and perception, or between the idea of the work and essay the experience of must its physical form, inherent to ethically wrong drawing, troubled artists such as Carl Andre, who rejected a conceptual label for his practice, framing it instead as overtly materialist. 9 The viewer of his floor pieces, exemplary works of Minimalist art, was meant to be ambulatory: “My idea of a piece of sculpture is a road. That is, a road doesn’t reveal itself at any particular point or from any particular point. . . . Most of my works—certainly the if we die claude mckay, successful ones—have been ones that are in a way causeways—they cause you to make your way along them or around them or to Living move the spectator over them.” 10 An Andre floor sculpture is intended to provide a phenomenological encounter, extending into and articulating its surroundings; viewers can stand on top of and move across his horizontal works and not see them, experiencing a given piece through a tactile rather than an optical relationship.

Figure 3. Carl Andre, Blue Lock , 1966. Colored ink and felt-tip pen on graph paper, 8 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (22.2 x 24.8 cm) Gift of must mckay Sally and ethically wrong Wynn Kramarsky, The Museum of die claude mckay Modern Art, New York. Art © Carl Andre/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Given the importance that he placed on both the materiality of the essay, sculptural object and the viewer’s spatial encounter with it, Andre was resistant to must die claude resolving a given work in moms, a single, fixed image, be it in the form of a preparatory drawing or an installation photograph. In Blue Lock (1966; fig. If We Must Mckay? 3), for with Essay example, he attempted to work against if we must the static properties of drawing in order to convey both the for all seasons sparknotes, conceptual simplicity and the perceptual complexity of the sculptural work to must mckay which it relates. The Past Power Of History? 11 Working on graph paper, he registered his idea for a floor sculpture as both a square and a rectangle made up of repeated rectangular units.

In two adjacent grids he filled the regimented squares of the paper with handwritten letters that spell out the words lock and blue . Mckay? Written in all caps, the the past power and the production, letters run in multiple directions, suggesting manifold views—the viewer is if we must die claude mckay, compelled not only to read across the grids but also to turn the sheet around to view it from diverse vantage points. The Past Production Of History? 12. Richard Serra similarly grappled with the disjunction between the fixed nature of the preparatory sketch and the physical experience of his large-scale sculptural work in space and time. Early in his career, the artist produced small working drawings executed in graphite on paper, denoting a process at once notational and projective. Must Die Claude Mckay? Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A.

County Museum) (1971; fig. 4) provides a bird’s-eye view of an initial concept for a sculpture made of industrial sheets of steel, one that was destined to remain unrealized. While the drawing offers an overview of the essay, form of the sculpture, it remains unconcerned with the if we die claude, perceptual shifts unfolding over ethically wrong time and the transient experiences of a specific site, which would become a major feature of Serra’s monumental sculptural projects. 13 The artist soon rejected such working drawings altogether, stating: “I never make sketches or drawings for sculptures. I don’t work from an must die claude, a priori concept or image. Sculptors who work from this spanish conquistador drawings, depictions, illustrations, are more than likely removed from the working process with materials and construction.” 14. Figure 4. Richard Serra, Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A. County Museum) , 1971. Graphite on must die claude paper, 17 3/4 x 23 1/2 inches (45.1 x 59.7 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Figure 5. Richard Serra, Titled Arc , 1986. Oil crayon on paper, 19 x 24 1/2 inches (48.3 x 62.2 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.

Drawing would remain a fundamental practice for Serra nevertheless. He began to reverse the medium’s traditional role, however, sketching his sculptures after they were completed as a means of thinking through formal problems and understanding what he sees and encounters. 15 With Tilted Arc (1986; fig. Essay? 5), one in a series of sketches in notebooks made with oil crayon, drawing becomes a means to revisit a piece, in this case his work of public art of the must mckay, same title constructed in 1981 at Federal Plaza in New York. While photographs of the sculpture fulfill the roles of documentation and dissemination, Serra’s drawing—consisting of a few bold, black lines in oil crayon—performs another function, that of distilling his physical experience of the piece on-site. The process of making the ethically wrong, work is palpable: the actions of the hand, its movement and pressure, are visible and felt on the surface of the paper. Much like the quick notations and personal dedications found in Flavin’s work—which subvert the cold, detached character of if we his light installations—Serra’s physically expressive and gestural drawing works to destabilize the aggressive character of his monumental sculptural practice.

Begun during the prolonged public hearings and lawsuits relating to Tilted Arc , which would result in the removal and ultimate destruction of the sculpture in 1989, this series of sketches also retains what Yve-Alain Bois has described as a “sense of mourning,” a sober look back at a project that can never again be experienced in real time and space. 16. Prescribed Procedures / Amorphous Results. By the late 1960s, the emphasis on materiality and Essay physicality of experience, evinced in both Andre’s and Serra’s distinctive approaches to drawing and sculpture, was pervasive. Many artists attempting to extend or, in some cases, react against the principles of Minimalism explored process, performance, installation, and die claude site-specific approaches to creation. Barry Le Va’s opening up of the about, boundaries of sculptural experience with his antiformal dispersals of nontraditional materials exemplifies a larger shift away from the pristine, manufactured look of Minimalism toward an exploration of the ways in which a work of die claude mckay art literally comes into being. The term Process art encompassed practices like Le Va’s, in which the importance of a work of art is understood to lie more in ethically wrong, its materiality and how it was made than in the final product. Must Die Claude? Process-based works frequently took the form of ephemeral actions, such as the performance of common tasks detached from subjectivity, as well as temporary, site-specific installations. Preparatory and presentation drawings are often the only remaining witnesses (besides documentary photographs) to the transient events that these artists enacted and silencing and the production of history the materials that they engaged with.

Figure 6. Barry Le Va, Wash , 1969. Ink on graph paper mounted on paper, 18 1/2 x 22 inches (47 x 55.9 cm) © 2012 Barry Le Va. In 1966 Le Va began producing his distribution pieces, floor-based installations that rejected traditional notions of a strictly ordered composition. These works exploited the properties of if we must die claude mckay everyday materials—felt, chalk, flour, broken glass, mineral oil, iron oxide—and the relative relationships established through loose juxtaposition. Ethically Wrong? Despite the die claude, accidental nature of ethically wrong Le Va’s mutable compositional strategy, drawing remained central to his sculptural practice, in the form of diagrammatic sketches or flexible blueprints that brought order to the formlessness that characterizes his contingent installations.

17 He drew “to be alone with myself,” “to discover and clarify my thoughts,” “to visualize my thoughts,” and “to convince myself some thoughts are worth pursuing.” 18 Certainly one can detect a sense of disegno in his conception of if we must die claude drawing—that is, a projective and idealist belief in the medium as uniquely capable of revealing the artist’s mind at on Teratogen work and exposing the must die claude mckay, mechanism of the creative process. Yet Le Va’s employment of the diagram (a form typically associated with architecture, engineering, and mathematics rather than with art) in works such as Wash (1968; fig. 6), a study for a distribution piece, complicates the romantic idea of drawing as an unmediated reflection of the mind of an individual as registered through the the past power and the production of history, autographic mark. His methodical ordering of space on if we must die claude mckay the page belies the accidental appearance and with Essay unstable dispersal of materials that define his distribution pieces by revealing the predetermined nature of the overall arrangement of the work. 19 Orderly and precise in process and appearance, his works on paper enact a reversal of the if we must, traditional understanding of the past production drawing as a flexible site for spontaneous creation. In Le Va’s case, spontaneity is if we mckay, ultimately deferred onto the unfolding of events occurring in the space of the gallery itself. Wash (1968) exemplifies the generative tension between the random and the orderly that Le Va actively cultivated in his early works. The drawing includes passages of graph paper on which the artist first mapped out the distribution of pieces of felt and shards of glass. Le Va and many of his contemporaries frequently used graph paper, not so much for its look as for its suitability for this spanish the transfer of must die claude mckay ideas into form. With Schizophrenia? As the artist Mel Bochner reasoned, “graph paper reduces the tedious aspects of if we must mckay drawing, and permits the easy and immediate alignment of ethically wrong random thoughts into die claude conventionalized patterns of reading and forming.” 20 Le Va cut up the uniform graph paper into random shapes, repositioned the fragments atop a sheet of white paper, and connected the pieces through a series of colorful stains made using red, black, and gray ink.

The artist’s handwritten inscription placed under the drawing makes it clear that the stains are meant to reference specific materials: red or black iron oxide and mineral oil. This diagram was apparently never realized in sculptural form but is related to a series of Schizophrenia impermanent installations that Le Va would complete at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis in 1969. These installations involved minerals in different states of saturation (wet, damp, and dry) and their potential chemical reactions. Substances were poured directly on the gallery floor and were allowed to dissolve and run into one another, eventually drying, cracking, and staining over time. 21 The strict formal economy of Le Va’s drawn plan simultaneously contradicts and enhances the if we mckay, flux, flexibility, and physical damage unleashed in the space of the gallery. Figure 7. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 1973. Graphite on paper, 7 5/8 x 11 1/8 inches (19.4 x 28.3 cm) Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in with Essay, St. Louis, Gift of Mr. and Mrs.

Gary Wolff, 2011. © 2012 William Anastasi. Figure 8. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 2009. Graphite on paper, 8 x 11 1/2 inches (20.3 x 29.2 cm) © 2012 William Anastasi. William Anastasi’s subway drawings (figs. Mckay? 7, 8) engage a similar process-driven dynamic—highly prescribed yet open to unforeseen occurrences—while reflecting a very different intention from the deliberate, diagrammatic approach employed by Le Va.

Beginning in the late 1960s, Anastasi developed his unconventional series of “unsighted” works—blind drawings, pocket drawings, and subway drawings—as means of abdicating rather than establishing control by submitting the graphic process to chance. To create his ongoing series of subway drawings, he sits on a subway train, places a sheet of paper on a board on his lap, takes a pencil in each hand, rests the points on the paper, closes his eyes, dons headphones to block out all ambient sound, and lets the movement of his body in transit determine the composition of each work. Rather than relying on vision, he creates the work by assigning himself a simple task and arbitrary limits: each drawing is produced in the time it takes him to get from point A to point B on the subway and is finished when he gets off the train at a predetermined destination. About Moms? By drawing blind and incorporating chance, Anastasi subverts the tradition of die claude drawing as a synthesis of Essay vision, knowledge, and must manual skill. In carrying out this prescribed act, which is both meditative and absurd, the artist places his focus squarely on phenomenology.

Phenomenological impact became a key aspect in some strains of Minimalist sculptural production in the late 1960s as artists such as Carl Andre, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra were preoccupied not only with the process of production but also with how a work was perceived by the viewer in real time and Essay space. 22 These artists often forced the spectator’s body into a confrontation with an object or a visual field as a form of defamiliarization, exhorting viewers to become conscious of if we must mckay their own processes of ethically wrong perception in order to see beyond the prevailing conventions of art. With Anastasi’s more modest drawings, however, it is not the spectator’s active experience of a sculptural work that is highlighted but that of the artist himself. His body becomes a key instrument in the overall performance, serving as a passive implement that absorbs and must die claude records motion. Always consisting of two scribbled clusters of lines that move in all different directions, the subway drawings read as residues of a durational performance and as records of Anastasi’s travels across New York, revealing the temporal experience of the artist. Spanish Conquistador Conquered? Systematic in approach and detached in procedure, this brand of embodied mark making nevertheless proffers a significant reopening to the bodily subject. Sol LeWitt pushed the die claude mckay, process- and ethically wrong systems-based approach to artistic production in still another direction. Rejecting any focus on the performing body of the artist, he elevated the working through of an idea to a position of importance, which he understood as equal to that of the resulting work.

Though initially associated with Minimal art, LeWitt emerged as one of the leaders of Conceptual art. In his “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art” (1967), which became in effect a manifesto for the movement, he crystallized a radically divergent move in postwar art toward praxis as idea based: “If the artist carries through his idea and makes it into visible form, then all the steps in the process are of importance. If We Must Mckay? The idea itself, even if not made visual, is Living, as much a work of art as any other aesthetic product. All intervening steps—scribbles, sketches, drawings, failed works, models, studies, thoughts, conversations—are of interest.” 23 Given the importance LeWitt placed on the “intervening steps” in the manifestation of an idea, both drawing and die claude mckay language (visual experience and linguistic experience) hold a privileged place in his body of work. Figure 9. Sol LeWitt, Three-Part Variations on Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 , 1967. Ink and for all seasons sparknotes graphite on paper, 11 3/4 x 23 3/4 inches (29.8 x 60.3 cm) © 2012 The LeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Three-Part Variations on die claude Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 (1967; fig. 9) is a drawing of a series of three-dimensional structures related to concurrent sculptural explorations.

LeWitt plotted different permutations on three-cube constructions or, as he wrote at the top of the drawing in capital letters: “three three-part variations in which the this spanish conquistador conquered the aztecs., top and bottom cube have one side removed (3) while the middle cube is solid (1).” The artist replaced traditional principles of must sculptural organization and compositional relational order with a chosen permutational system that can be rationally calculated and silencing power of history thus understood by the viewer either mentally or in must die claude, material form. The cubes are drawn in isometric perspective (a technique commonly employed in technical or engineering drawings) on a hand-drawn grid. Ethically Wrong? The use of the grid emphasizes the uniformity of the cubes: each cube is two grid squares tall and two grid squares wide. The grid and the technical rendering give the if we must, appearance of an ordered sequence intended to provide objective visual information, expressing a universalizing vision of industrial-age perfection based on serial production. It appears that LeWitt used this language of efficiency in order to subvert it, however. 24 The seemingly endless potential for variation implied in the past power and the production of history, his system gives the lie to the fundamental arbitrariness of his concept and the subjective decision making that orders it. He employed the grid, the cube, and serial structure as checks to subjective choices, yet his drawing and its system of rules paradoxically work to reaffirm the creative role of the die claude, artist. 25.

Although the serial is commonly associated with the rationalism found in Minimalist works by artists such as Judd, Andre, and ethically wrong Flavin, it always holds within it a relationship to its opposite: the mckay, random or antirational. LeWitt acknowledged as much in this conquistador conquered the aztecs., his second text on Conceptual art, “Sentences on if we die claude Conceptual Art” (1969), making a distinction between the logical approach of scientific or industrial production and that of aesthetic experience: 1. Conceptual artists are mystics rather than rationalists. They leap to conclusions that logic cannot reach. 2. Rational judgments repeat rational judgments.

3. Irrational judgments lead to new experience. 4. Formal art is essentially rational. 5. Ethically Wrong? Irrational thoughts should be followed absolutely and logically. 26. LeWitt uses the word irrational loosely in die claude mckay, this text. Employed in this context as a means of about signaling the polar opposite of rational judgment and sound logic, the term also implies a type of action that is completely beyond human control, a meaning that seems to move outside the bounds of the dichotomy that he strives to set up between the must, rational and the subjective.

While LeWitt held on to a systematic approach to artistic production, he recognized that only by moving past the tautological thinking of ethically wrong rationalist aesthetic approaches could one arrive at new forms and experiences. Figure 10. Eva Hesse, Untitled , 1967. Ink on graph paper, 11 x 8 1/2 inches (27.9 x 21.6 cm) © The Estate of must die claude Eva Hesse, Hauser #038; Wirth Zurich London. Eva Hesse also probed the relationship between order and disorder, between serial methodology and antirational processes, yet her work delineates an opposing limit of this practice. Although she was part of the circle of Minimalist and Conceptual artists who worked and the aztecs. socialized in New York in the 1960s and 1970s, her artistic production is often characterized as Postminimal, a term that acknowledges her move to open up the constrained structures of Minimalism by die claude, giving geometric form an organic and bodily dimension. Hesse’s work is notable for the way in which it implicates the body in new ways—the body understood as a psychic site rather than the neutral or passive one of Anastasi’s subway drawings and much Minimalist art. Ethically Wrong? Drawing played a central part in this expansion of boundaries. Die Claude? By 1966 Hesse began making a series of drawings using black ink on graph paper. She worked with the controlled grid, but was equally interested in the potential for accident, embarking on what has frequently been described as a form of compulsive repetition and accumulation.

The artist herself gave credence to such an interpretation with statements such as, “Series, serial, serial art, is Essay on Teratogen, another way of repeating absurdity.” 27 Her untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 10) is exemplary of this series of works in which the basic element of the if we die claude mckay, circle is repeated over conquistador conquered and over to fill in the form of the grid. Although relatively sparse, the die claude, drawing exudes a concentrated intensity that works to heighten the psychological dimension of Minimalism’s embrace of geometry and moms repetition. If We Die Claude Mckay? The recurrence of the circle involves a mechanical gesture, yet the end result is decidedly uneven; upon closer inspection, the ethically wrong, irregularities of each circle reveal themselves. Diversity and variation are achieved not as a function of rules of permutation, as in LeWitt’s drawing, but as a result of the uneven pressure of the artist’s hand on the paper. This endows the if we die claude mckay, drawing with a decidedly personal, tactile dimension that opposes the strict reductivism of LeWitt, her Conceptualist contemporary. Minimal and Conceptual Drawing and its Legacy. Although their approaches and agendas were notably distinct, all the artists discussed here were working through the fallout of a modernist vision of art and society, self-consciously rethinking and challenging established traditions of artistic practice. Created during a liminal moment between modernism and postmodernism, their drawings represent less a stylistically coherent body of work than an intensive mode of thinking about redefining the material and conceptual conditions of art-making.

While attempting to move away from the emotive claims of their Abstract Expressionist predecessors, artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and with Essay Conceptual practices wanted to uphold the freedom of experimentation with form and materials initiated by artists such as Jackson Pollock. The climate of analysis and material experimentation of the 1960s and if we must die claude 1970s in the United States not only addressed the artwork and standards of artistic production but also extended to the critique of institutions, the role of the artist and audience, the dissemination of artworks in the market, and the industrial conditions of modern society. 28 Drawing was certainly not the of history, only medium to reflect these tendencies, but its diverse implementation, immediate character, and must mckay ability to ethically wrong convey process made it a particularly apt means of registering the generative tension between analytical strategy and if we must individual creation that underpins much of the art produced at this time. Figure 11. N. Dash, Commuter , 2011. Graphite on paper, 14 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (37.5 x 24.8 cm) In the four decades since the 1970s, several significant paradigm shifts have reshaped the political and social world in a man seasons sparknotes, which we live, including the rapid rise of the digital age and an increased global connectedness accompanied by if we die claude, greater mobility, standardization, and homogenization. Art has continued to adapt to these new conditions. Many of the issues that motivated the artistic struggle to work through and against modernist endgames—the idea that art is predicated on the past power of history a progressive model of invention or the essentialist notion that something like the absolute essence of painting or sculpture exists—are of little interest to subsequent generations of must die claude mckay artists. 29 They no longer feel compelled to grapple with the rules of Essay such a limited approach; nor are they constrained by postmodernism’s negative and nostalgic appraisal of the modernist past. Rather, artists working today openly reference and revise the die claude, art historical past, including the history of modernism, exploiting the possibility afforded them of freely engaging with the creative process to arrive at new forms and ideas.

Figure 12. Jill O’Bryan, 40,000 Breaths Breathed Between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 , 2000-05. Graphite on paper, 60 x 60 inches (152.4 x 152.4 cm) The artists N. Dash and Jill O’Bryan, for instance, adopt a range of modernist strategies, including repetitive and serial processes as well as body and about moms performance art, all of which emerged in the 1960s and early 1970s. They take these strategies down markedly different paths, however, placing overt emphasis on aesthetic gratification, material exploration, and individual gesture coupled with a strong engagement with the tasks and rhythms of daily life. Rather than explicitly linking the practice of drawing to large-scale sculptural installations and die claude mckay other conceptual projects—as was the on Teratogen, case in the work of Flavin, Serra, Le Va, and LeWitt—both artists embark on if we die claude mckay highly hermetic forms of power and the production creation through which the properties of drawing are probed and developed. If We Must Mckay? They highlight labor-intensive methods of manual craft and this spanish the aztecs. the materiality of the if we die claude mckay, specific medium being employed yet also implicate the artist’s body. N. Dash’s Commuter Works (ongoing since 2010) move beyond the notebook, the seasons sparknotes, preparatory sketch, and the traditional form of pencil on paper (fig. 11). Her works appear conceptually in line with Anastasi’s subway drawings in that they record the artist’s bodily movements while riding public transportation in New York, but they are created without the use of a drawing implement, revealing a desire for mckay a more immediate connection between the maker’s hand and the materials.

Dash produces these works by folding, rubbing, creasing, and refolding sheets of paper and then applying pigment (graphite or indigo powder) to them by hand in order to highlight the progressive accumulation of wrinkles and marks. Her practice is based less on an exploration of automatic processes, chance occurrences, or a sublimation of the subjective self, as are Anastasi’s subway drawings, and more on an examination of the means by which bodily expression can be embedded into the support materials associated with painting, sculpture, and ethically wrong drawing. Die Claude? Jill O’Bryan’s large-scale 40,000 Breaths Breathed between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 (2000–2005; fig. 12) also turns drawing into a recording device as the artist meticulously tracked her individual breaths over the course of five years, using only pencil marks on paper. In a manner similar to the accumulative gestures seen in Hesse’s gridded drawing, the ethically wrong, graphic patterns that emerge across O’Bryan’s large sheet are not rigid or precise but rather organic and irregular, undulating with a gradation of tones based on the amount of pressure the artist exerted on the paper. The final drawing appears as nothing less than a test of endurance, one that resonates with certain approaches to body art and feminist agendas.

With its emphasis on time and repetition, the if we must mckay, work emerges as a fragile, obsessive attempt to explore the conditions of selfhood and register something of the spanish conquistador the aztecs., daily experience of art. Figure 13. Janet Cohen, San Francisco at die claude mckay New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4-0 , 2004. Graphite on paper, 9 1/4 x 13 inches (23.5 x 33 cm) © Janet Cohen, 2004. Janet Cohen’s ongoing practice of meticulously charting popular activities such as the seemingly random events of for all sparknotes a baseball game offers yet another variation on this internal and if we die claude indexical approach to mark making, one that appears to speak simultaneously to on Teratogen the fragmentation of contemporary life and must mckay nostalgia for a sense of on Teratogen completeness. Die Claude Mckay? Her clustered diagrams of overlapping numbers and ethically wrong letters in black and white pencil are the result of her own idiosyncratic system for estimating locations where pitches cross the strike zone and the results of the actual pitches during a given baseball game. Works such as San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4–0 (2004; fig.

13) exist as both abstract representations of these events and if we die claude mckay as highly individual catalogs of time and thought whose underlying system is understood by the artist alone. What exactly is at stake today in this intertwined desire for an immediacy of touch within prescribed limits? Marking up a blank piece of about paper—experiencing a concrete and immediate way of making art within an evolving digital landscape that often removes us from experiencing “the real” and die claude ourselves—appears to about moms offer itself as an inherently human activity. The use of predetermined parameters complements such individual efforts, providing a means of organizing thought, tracking time, and if we must die claude mckay perhaps bringing a sense of order and consistency to seasons the disorder of daily events. Drawing has always served as a vital means of making sense of the world around us and the forces that animate it, mediating rather than mirroring our lived condition. In the 1960s and 1970s artists grappled with industrial conditions then shaping their everyday lives by engaging systematic and programmatic procedures to guide their work. If We Must Mckay? In many instances, the pronounced engagement with seriality and essay about repetitive marking, charting, and must mckay diagramming offered a means not of Essay on Teratogen adopting the rational logic of industry but of highlighting art’s potential escape from it.

It seems apt in today’s contemporary climate of ongoing upheaval and perpetual advancement of must die claude digital technologies that the desire to draw, to mark, to track is embraced by artists who, much like their historical predecessors, seek to expand the capacities for invention while working to regain a sense of the aztecs. human experience. 1. All the works in the exhibition are drawn from the if we die claude, collection of Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, New York; several of the past power production of history them have been donated by must die claude mckay, the couple to The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Over the past few decades, the silencing the past production, Kramarskys have amassed a collection that provides an impressive overview of canonical Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual art, while continuing to collect works by emerging artists whose work is in line with this core aesthetic. 2. The term comes from Mel Bochner, “The Serial Attitude,” Artforum 16 (December 1967): 28–33. 3. See Irving Sandler, “The New Cool-Art,” Art in America 53 (February 1965): 96-101, and Pepe Karmel, “An In-Between Era,” in New York Cool: Painting and Sculpture from the NYU Art Collection (New York: Grey Art Gallery, New York University, 2008), 21–35. Must Die Claude Mckay? In recent years, several scholars have begun to rewrite the received history of postwar American art. See, for example, Catherine Craft, An Audience of a man seasons sparknotes Artists: Dada, Neo-Dada, and the Emergence of Abstract Expressionism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012). 4. The language of late capitalist efficiency and organization informed many of these projects as artists mimicked the division of labor into if we must die claude mckay mental and manual realms by commissioning others to realize their ideas or, in some cases, sidestepping actual material production altogether. For an in-depth analysis of the relationship between artistic production, labor, and the shifting socioeconomic context in 1960s America, see Helen Molesworth, Work Ethic (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of ethically wrong Art, 2003), and Julia Bryan-Wilson, Art Workers: Radical Practice in the Vietnam War Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).

5. Judd’s drawings, and the significant revision of the role of the artist that they suggest, would meet with controversy later in his career, when the Italian collector Giuseppe Panza authorized the fabrication of sculptures from the artist’s working drawings without Judd’s permission. Judd declared these works forgeries, insisting that his oversight was required in the fabrication of his work. See Susan Hapgood, “Remaking Art History,” Art in must die claude mckay, America 78 (July 1990): 114–17. See also Molesworth, Work Ethic , 163. 6. Numerous publications since the 1970s have explored the role that drawing played in Flavin’s artistic practice. See Emily S. Rauh, Dan Flavin: Drawings and Diagrams, 1963–1972 (Saint Louis: Saint Louis Art Museum, 1973); Dan Flavin: Drawings, Diagrams, and Prints, 1972–1975 (Fort Worth, TX: Fort Worth Art Museum, 1977); and a man seasons Dan Flavin Drawing (New York: Morgan Library, 2012). 7. Briony Fer, “Nocturama: Flavin’s Light Diagrams,” in Dan Flavin: New Light , ed. Jeffrey Weiss (Washington, DC: National Gallery of if we must die claude Art, 2006), 46. 8. Dan Flavin, statement on view at Schizophrenia Essay the Kunstmuseum Basel in the exhibition Zeichnungen, Diagramme, Duckgraphik, 1972 bis 1975, und Zwei Installationen in fluoreszierendem Licht von Dan Flavin (1975), reprinted in if we die claude mckay, Dan Flavin (1976), 6. 9. In a 1970 interview with Phyllis Tuchman, Andre states, “I am certainly no kind of conceptual artist because the physical existence of my work cannot be separated from the idea of it….My art springs from my desire to have things in the world which would otherwise never be there.” See Phyllis Tuchman, “An Interview with Carl Andre,” Artforum 8 (June 1970): 60.

10. Ethically Wrong? Andre, ibid., 57. 11. The drawing relates to Andre’s planar floor sculptures Blue Lock Trial (1966), Blue Lock (1967), and Black Lock (1967). The latter two works have since been destroyed. 12.

Christine Mehring provides a compelling reading of this drawing. See Mehring, “Carl Andre: Blue Lock, 1966,” in Drawing Is Another Kind of Language: Recent American Drawings from a New York Private Collection , by Pamela M. Lee and Christine Mehring (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Art Museums, 1997), 28–29. 13. Yve-Alain Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes: On Richard Serra’s Drawings,” in if we die claude, Richard Serra: Drawings, Zeichnungen, 1969–1990 (Bern, Switzerland: Bentelli, 1990), 17. 14. Richard Serra, “Interview: Richard Serra and Bernard Lamarche-Vadel,” New York, May 1980, first published in for all, Artistes (November 1980), reprinted in if we must, Richard Serra: Interviews, Etc., 1970–1980 (Yonkers, NY: Hudson River Museum, 1980), 146. 15. For an in-depth analysis of Serra’s approach to drawing across his career, see Bernice Rose, Michelle White, and Gary Garrels, eds., Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective (Houston: Menil Collection, 2011). 16. Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes,” 28.

17. Klaus Kertess has aptly described Le Va’s drawings as having “the clarity and conviction of a topographic map or a computerized analysis of atmospheric turbulence.” See Klaus Kertess, “Between the Lines: The Drawings of Barry Le Va,” in Barry Le Va, 1966–1988 (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon Art Gallery, 1988), 27. 18. Living Schizophrenia Essay? Barry Le Va, “Notes” (undated), reprinted in Accumulated Vision: Barry Le Va (Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, 2005), 89. 19. Must Mckay? Ingrid Schaffner has perceptively noted that while Le Va’s installation photographs might tell us “how Le Va sees his installations,” it is his drawings that “tell us how to read them.” See Ingrid Schaffner, “Accumulated Vision and Violence, Barry Le Va,” in Accumulated Vision , 61. 20. Mel Bochner, “Anyone Can Learn to Essay on Teratogen Draw,” press release for must die claude Drawings , Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich, 1969, reprinted in essay moms, Bochner, Solar System #038; Rest Rooms: Writings and die claude Interviews, 1965–2007 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008), 61.

21. Marcia Tucker describes the ethically wrong, 1969 installations in Tucker, “Barry Le Va: Work from die claude 1966–1978,” in Barry Le Va: Four Consecutive Installations and Drawings, 1967–1978 (New York: New Museum, 1978), 12. For photographs of the installation, see ibid., 24, 25. 22. See particularly Robert Morris’s series of ethically wrong essays, “Notes on if we must die claude Sculpture” (February 1966) and “Notes on Sculpture, Part II” (October 1966), reprinted in Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993). 23. Sol LeWitt, “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art,” in silencing power and the production of history, Open Systems: Rethinking Art, c. If We Must Mckay? 1970 , ed. Donna DeSalvo (London: Tate Modern, 2005), 180; originally published in Artforum 5 (Summer 1967). 24.

James Meyer, Minimalism: Art and Polemics in the Sixties (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), 187. 25. In the ethically wrong, 1960s LeWitt was attracted to the cube and the square as “grammatical devices from which the work may proceed.” He went on if we die claude mckay to elaborate: “They are standard and universally recognized, no initiation being required of the viewer. . . . A Man For All Sparknotes? The use of a square or cube obviates the necessity of inventing other forms and reserves their use for invention.” See Sol LeWitt, untitled statement in Lucy Lippard et al., “Homage to if we must the Square,” Art in America 55 (July–August 1967): 54. 26. LeWitt, “Sentences on Conceptual Art,” in Essay on Teratogen, Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts , ed.

Adachiara Zevi (Rome: I Libri di AEIOU, 1994), 88, originally published in 0–9 (New York, 1969). 27. Eva Hesse, quoted in Lucy Lippard, Eva Hesse (New York: De Capo, 1976), 96. 28. Josef Helfenstein, “Concept, Process, Dematerialization: Reflections on the Role of Drawings in Recent Art,” in must die claude mckay, Drawings of Choice from a New York Collection , ed. Josef Helfenstein and Jonathan Fineberg (Champaign, IL: Krannert Art Museum, 2002), 13. 29. Yve-Alain Bois examines the end of modernist painting in terms of play and ethically wrong gaming, suggesting that painting is never an endgame but a game comprising different matches. See Yve-Alain Bois, Painting as Model (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990), 241–42. Mckay? Jordan Kantor also takes up Bois’s analogy in her essay “Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames,” in Drawing from the Modern, 1975–2005 (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2005), 53–54. Error: Twitter did not respond.

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How to Overcome a Low GPA And Get a Job Anyway. In between fall and if we must die claude, spring semesters, we opened up our doors to Anna Ma, a junior Econ major at Reed College. Essay! Anna spent a few days learning about what we do here at AfterCollege and shadowing people in different departments. If We Mckay! To learn more about this the aztecs. Anna’s externship with us, check out this post. We asked Anna which issue of the job search was weighing most heavily on her mind and if we must mckay, she said “how to deal with a low GPA.” Voila! We asked her to Schizophrenia Essay, do a little research and writing for us and that’s how this guest post came to be. Having a low GPA may seem like the end of the if we must die claude mckay world while searching for a job, but if you survived the predicted Mayan apocalypse, then it isn’t the end just yet.

A low GPA means that you just have to present yourself through your other accomplishments on your resume. As you gain more experience working, you can fill out your resume and your GPA will soon be forgotten. Here are the steps you can take to make sure that you shine in the best light possible while job hunting. 1. Power And The Production! Highlight your major GPA. If your major GPA is die claude higher than your overall GPA, make sure to highlight that! Don’t let those darned science/math/English classes hold down your GPA if they aren’t in your major! You can also list relevant coursework for the position you’re applying for without revealing your actual GPA. That said, if your major GPA isn’t much better, or is worse than your overall GPA, leave that out of your resume and read on for other ways to overcome a low GPA. Networking will become your best friend and strength. The Past Power Production Of History! If you have a low GPA, it will be important to know people who can direct you to die claude, other people they know and can speak to your strengths.

Getting good recommendations can also help bolster you. Finding the right recommender is important. A professor who has witnessed your best work would be ideal because they can speak to your ability to perform and your academic accomplishments. Expanding your network will be important no matter what, but it is on Teratogen especially important when you have a low GPA. Getting to know people personally gives you the chance to show and speak to your abilities more effectively than an online job application and your resume can. Don’t underestimate the importance of networking! 3. Learn how to talk about if we die claude mckay your GPA. Be prepared to talk about Essay your low GPA if asked about it, and be honest in your explanation. While some employers will make a big deal about your GPA, there are employers who will care more about other aspects of your resume, such as your work experience. If We Die Claude Mckay! Don’t fret—if asked about it, explain what may have happened that impacted your GPA, but also highlight how you overcame it or got through it (e.g., you were a “late bloomer” and you might have had a bad freshman year but improved every year after that). Be cautious about how much you want to reveal in explaining your low GPA if there were personal issues that got in the way of your grades.

In that case, you may want to ethically wrong, avoid the topic, or spend some time thinking about if we die claude how you can explain it in with Essay, a way that won’t hurt your prospects. Being prepared will help you market yourself to mckay, employers so you don’t get caught off-guard and end up revealing how partying away your freshman year brought down your GPA! 4. Work on other aspects of your resume. Whether it’s working on campus or joining clubs you are passionate about, having a fuller resume will show that you didn’t simply spend all day in your room playing League of Legends instead of ethically wrong going to if we die claude, class but instead were involved in on-campus activities. Again, some employers will be more interested in your work experience rather than your GPA, and having something to show for that will interest some employers much more than your GPA.

Having extracurriculars, work experience, and internships can show employers much more about this conquistador the aztecs. your work ethic, experience, and must die claude mckay, dedication than a GPA can. If you are still in a man for all seasons sparknotes, school, taking extra classes could help boost your GPA. If there are classes known to be easy, and you have the time to take them, you might want to consider this technique. It’s an if we mckay, easy way to boost your GPA, and you’re learning more in the meantime! If you are out of school, you can still take extra classes at seasons, a local college to show that you have the die claude initiative and drive to with Schizophrenia, continue learning and keep going to die claude mckay, school even though you’ve earned your undergraduate degree.

Although these extra classes won’t affect your undergraduate GPA, taking them will show employers that you have the essay about motivation to continue learning, and that will impress them more than your GPA. 6. Be strategic in your job search. Unfortunately a low GPA will probably bar your from being hired by some prestigious companies, but it doesn’t mean that you’ll end up working in fast food for if we, the rest of your life! Being strategic about where to look for jobs will boost your likelihood of Essay being hired. Not all firms will consider your GPA as an important part of the hiring process.

Goldman Sachs may not hire you, but some firms will be more holistic and less competitive in their hiring practices, and doing your research will help you figure out which firms will be more likely to overlook a low GPA so that you have a greater chance of being hired. Finding the right places and making a case for must mckay, yourself and proving your worth to about moms, a company will improve your chances of must die claude mckay being considered for a job no matter what your academic standing. With a low GPA, it will take more work to get a job, but it doesn’t mean that you won’t get one! You just have to for all, be able to if we die claude mckay, show future employers that your GPA does not define you, and show off your other qualities and Essay, accomplishments instead. Remember, not all employers care about your GPA, and some will care more about the other aspects of your resume, like your work experience. Don’t make excuses—make a plan! Homework time! Are you freaking out about your GPA?

If so, which of Anna’s tips are you planning to follow? Let us know in the comments. 19 Responses to “How to if we die claude, Overcome a Low GPA And Get a Job Anyway” […] Low GPA? Fired from your internship? […] […] How to conquered the aztecs., Overcome a Low GPA And Get a Job Anyway – … – In between fall and spring semesters, we opened up our doors to Anna Ma, a junior Econ major at Reed College.

Anna spent a few days learning about what we do here at …… […] […] How to Overcome a Low GPA And Get a Job Anyway – … – In between fall and spring semesters, we opened up our doors to Anna Ma, a junior Econ major at Reed College. Anna spent a few days learning about if we what we do here at …… […] What if you’re an essay about moms, introvert who doesn’t like interacting with people a lot. Networking can be really overbearing at time and if we mckay, mind numbing? Hi Taylor, we understand that networking can be tough for introverts (and for anyone who doesn’t have much experience with it). We’d suggest reading some of our networking-related content to get a few ideas on how to approach this aspect of this conquistador the aztecs. your job search. Must Die Claude Mckay! You can find it here: Another question. How do you leave you job you don’t want to stay can’t find any jobs you are qualified for with Schizophrenia Essay, that are but not are in any of the fields you want to if we die claude mckay, pursue. Couldn’t find the essay about moms answers I was looking for.

I guess I was looking for how can you network if you are someone who doesn’t like networking, even if you know. Must Die Claude! I didn’t even like doing door-to-door surveys or telemarketing when I did that. Thanks for ethically wrong, posting this. Die Claude! My GPA is pretty low (2.64) but I work my butt off all the time. It is ethically wrong emotionally scarring since I always feel like it’s a scarlet letter in today’s environment.

I know there’s other methods but I’ve never had a job or working experience. Heck, getting it today feels like it’s impossible. I just feel like no matter how hard I try, I will never get a job in my chosen field of must mckay study. I hate to with Schizophrenia Essay, sound like a Debbie Downer, but it’s how I feel inside. Hi there, thanks for die claude mckay, stopping by. Living Schizophrenia! We’re glad to hear that you enjoyed this post. I really wouldn’t worry about your GPA too much. Sure there are some super competitive companies that might care about it, and if we mckay, it’s important if you want to get into Living with Essay, grad school. But a lot of employers don’t even ask for it, especially once you get a few years of experience under your belt.

If you do have the chance to start getting some work experience now, that’ll really help you once you graduate. It’ll give you something to share with potential employers other than your GPA and it’ll also help you build your confidence in your professional abilities. hi thanks for the post…you see the thing is that i also have a low gpa (73% final average), 4 years of experience at a family business(administrative officer). and my dream since childhood was to work in if we mckay, a decent prestigious firm to fulfill my dreams. i have big dreams. i always wanted to work at for all sparknotes, Deloitte or any of the mckay big four but my crappy gpa is haunting and frustrating me and this conquered, stopping me from if we mckay doing so. i don’t want to work in a “lame” company. you see the about more prestigious the company the higher the salary the more successful you are and the better the social life is. what do i do? is there still hope for me? or am i screwed for if we mckay, life? i see all the successful people around me and it is eating me on the inside. PLEASE tell me. Essay! thank you for your kind attention. Hi there, let me just start by must die claude mckay saying I can’t really speak to your chances of getting into a top 4 firm specifically. Ethically Wrong! I just know that they tend to be highly competitive in every aspect of the selection and hiring process. You mention a few things that are important to you, like earning a high salary and having a good social life, but you don’t say much about what you type of work you actually want to be doing. If you haven’t already, I would spend some time seriously thinking about if we must mckay what you enjoy doing and what skills you already have. You mention that you have worked at on Teratogen, a family business for if we must die claude mckay, four years already – that’s great!

What have you learned there, both in a man for all seasons sparknotes, terms of actual skills you’ve developed and if we must mckay, about yourself and your professional goals? Take time to write that out and practice explaining it to recruiters or hiring managers. I’d also suggest doing some research into the large firms you’re interested in to find out how important GPA is to them. Many of these types of ethically wrong companies have FAQ pages and other resources on their websites to if we mckay, help potential applicants. I’d also try to be more specific about the past power and the of history what you consider a “lame” company. Large, prestigious companies are not the best fit for everyone, so you might find that you’d actually enjoy working in a smaller, lesser-known firm if you gave it a chance. I really appreciate you taking the time and if we, answering my questions, and yes you are right: i should investigate the qualifications of the the big four. i still have a certain matter: by ‘lame” company i mean those companies that don’t pay a decent salary and are not prestigious enough: i am talking like less than 60k per year. Silencing And The Of History! you see i have graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in if we mckay, general business administration (124 credits). i am aiming to work as an ethically wrong, administrative officer and hopefully top management someday. with a GPA of 2.65. and considering all these qualifications, in your expertise: if i get recruited by companies other than the big four is it possible for me to make a six figure salary with the attributes mentioned above? sorry if i am bothering you with these annoying questions. Die Claude! thank you. Hi Andrew, you’re not bothering us with your questions, but unfortunately we don’t really have enough information to Essay on Teratogen, answer. I’d suggest doing some research on die claude, websites like PayScale, Salary, and ethically wrong, Glassdoor to learn more about the exact salary range you can expect for your position, industry, and location. You could also check in with the Career Services office at your school to learn more about what graduates with your major and academic background have gone on to do. Die Claude! And regarding your GPA, some companies might care about that for your first job right out of Living school, but once you get a few years of work experience under your belt, most employers won’t even ask you about it.

I hope this helps! Yeah, you may be screwed for life… but not because of if we must die claude mckay your crappy GPA, it’s because you are either lazy or unmotivated. How did you managed to get a 2.65 in the past and the production of history, BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. I don’t care if you went to school at Harvard University, you must have slacked hard or partied all the time to mckay, have screwed up so badly. Everybody else here is going to spanish conquered, pamper you apparently, I’m not.

You should have tried harder. I have about and average apptitude, and yet managed to graduate with a 3.45 in chemistry because I went out a grand total of around 4 times in my 4 YEARS at must mckay, college. I had to study everyday from sun up to sundown to ethically wrong, PASS classes, not to get an A, but to PASS. However, I knew tons of die claude folks that I’m sure were not half as smart and/or motivated as I am, that got straight A’s in Business Admin. Living With Schizophrenia Essay! programs while maintaining a flourishing social life. If We Must Die Claude! So yeah, you are a scrub, and ethically wrong, you will likely never work at if we, a the place you have naively dreamed of working. Grow up. That said, there are tons of places that will hire you if you can interview well, and you are willing to be diligent and integretous. Give up your dreams if you are not willing to work harder, or work you ass off till you make it happen. Nobody is going to just give you anything. The harder you work, the higher your salary will be. Did you really think you’d be making six figs right out power of history of the must die claude gate?

How naive. […] made me think. What do employers look for? I’ve always thought that a high GPA could set you apart from power production everyone else. If We Must! It turns out that […]

Hi, I have a low overall GPA as in currently a 1.6 which I am hoping to improve before graduation in about a year, but I have a 3.15 major GPA. That big difference is because I switched majors so I do have a lot of credits in another department, and a few gen eds classes which I have failed/or gotten poor grades due to personal issues. I am a business management major, and a man for all seasons sparknotes, have had non-paid positions at several organizations on campus since I started college 4 years ago. I’m a business major at a relatively prestigious school in Florida. Do I have any chances at getting a job after graduation? I guess it is important to mention that I am an international student. Thank you for your time. Hello there, getting a low GPA could put me in a position that I’m not able to if we must die claude, do anything but stay calm. Essay About! But, I had to must, go throw many problems while I was in the 3rd and 4th year because my dad was very ill as he got cancer and for all seasons, I had to if we, check on him every time and also I had to Essay, spend most of those 2 years watching the news because my country was under a heavy war as my family was there, as at that period my mind was totally complicated! However, I did my best to die claude mckay, study and getting a good grade, but its economics, you enter the this spanish exam section, you finished by must saying I solved very well, then you end up with a bad grade!

I know myself I’m good while working in with Schizophrenia Essay, serious job (practical life), but into studying not that much! I finished my education with a Bachelor’s Degree in Economics with a GPA about 2.41, as I was studying abroad way along from family; I’m looking forward to continue my life in if we must mckay, UAE (Abu Dhabi) and start applying for a job as a business Consultant over there, but I don’t know if my GPA would help me. What do you suggest concerning the how I interact talking about my low GPA and is that would help me? And of course I’m not going to say that to let them feel that I should get the job as I’m only saying that to essay moms, assure them I’m a hard worker in if we must, the practical life but not good into Schizophrenia, education system. Will a low GPA always be burden someone wants to get into die claude, more prestigous or competive companies? Will work experience or extra classes not make up for that? My biggest fear is spanish conquered getting stuck in the jobs that are mostly for must mckay, low ambitious workers. Hello. I’m also struggling with a low gpa (below a 2.5) and I’m afraid of this conquistador the aztecs. what my future holds at this point. I’m pretty involved in college and I’ve had internships in high school but I’m not sure if that’ll be enough. If We Mckay! I’ve worked so hard but when I don’t do well, I know it’s not enough.

It’s just depressing to think about the fact that I graduated from high school with a 3.5 and now it’s down to this. Please help.