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mla model essay The Writing Center. Empire State College. Genesee Valley Center. GUIDE TO WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS. IN THE MLA STYLE. This style sheet is intended only as an overview and does not cover all aspects of the MLA style. For more complete information, see the MLA Style Manual or The MLA Handbook for process, Writers of Research Papers . Values? The Writing Center has these and process other resources on hand. You can also find them at most libraries or purchase them at all major bookstores.
The MLA style refers to the method of writing research papers recommended by the Modern Language Association . The MLA style is used in some areas of the humanities, e.g., composition and essay literature. Other humanities disciplines such as history, philosophy, and religion may require other styles for formatting your papers. Ask your Primary Mentor which style to use, then come to the Writing Center for further guidance . Basic MLA Facts. Always double space, including the text of your paper, quotations, notes, and the list of works cited. Unless otherwise instructed, use one-inch margins top, bottom, left, and right. Use parenthetical citations to acknowledge direct quotations, indirect quotations, and/or any ideas you have borrowed from another person. Use a Works Cited page for reference to parenthetical citations. Underline (or italicize) titles of books, plays, pamphlets, periodicals (newspapers, magazines, journals), films, television programs, and record albums/CDs.
Place within quotation marks newspaper/magazine articles, essays in a book, songs, poems (except long poems published as a book), book chapters, episodes of a television show, and lectures. Number pages in process of recycling, the upper right hand corner of the page. Use present tense to swingers rv, introduce cited or quoted material and to make personal comments on such materials. Use past tense only when directly quoting a passage that is in past tense or when reporting historical events. As Winkleman states in of recycling, the novel Diary of a Madman , I was never ignorant (293). Winkleman's purpose in ozymandias gcse, Diary of a Madman is to point out the innate imperfection of humans. Moore created Winkleman not only to use as a pen name, but also to use as a semi-fictional forum through which the author could express his own opinions. Plagiarism is the use of the words and/or ideas of another person without disclosing the source. Whether deliberate or unintentional, plagiarism can lead to failure in a course and/or dismissal from college. Of Recycling? To avoid plagiarism, acknowledge your sources with in-text citations and a Works Cited page.
Always cite direct quotations (see below) . If you use another person's idea or paraphrase another person's words, don't simply rearrange the in apa words. Instead, make sure to use your own style of writing and language, and use an in-text citation to acknowledge the source. Then, list on the Works Cited page the publications or sources from process of recycling, which you obtained your citations. The Writing Center here at GVC has a separate handout on this called, Plagiarism and swingers rv How to of recycling, Avoid it: Guidelines for Students. I. In-text Citations. Cite the first appearance of or reference to another person's words or ideas by introducing the quotation, paraphrase, or citation with the author's full name exactly as it appears in the source, but exclude titles such as Mr., Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr., Reverend , etc. Be sure to include the expansion page number(s) on which the cited material can be found. You may also choose to include the title of the cited text in the first reference. Rebecca Peacey states in The Art of the process Short Story that, to write good fiction, authors of my family, short fiction must master grammar and punctuation (17).
The phrase Rebecca Peacey states in The Art of the Short Story that, . is the of recycling signal phrase in this example. Peacey also states that today's writers must not use gender-specific language(17). Authors Name Not Used in Text. If you don't use the author's name in the text, place only the last name within the parenthetical citation with the page number. And Contrast Of United Overseas Expansion? In the parenthetical citation, don't use p. or pp. to indicate page number(s), and don't include the text's title. Although many consider Lovejoy's collection titled My Art: The Stories the perfect model for writing short stories, most creative writing teachers dismiss it as pretentious, trashy, and inane (Peacey 333). More Than One Author. If a cited source has more than one author, either include all names in the parenthetical citation according to process, how they are listed in the source, or list the first author followed by et. al.
Critics harshly emphasize Lovejoy's chronic use of stale metaphor, cliched symbolism, and predictable twists of irony in his short stories (Newman, Banya, Benis, and essay on terrorism css Cramer 814). Critics harshly emphasize Lovejoy's chronic use of stale metaphor, cliched symbolism, and predictable twists of irony in process of recycling, his short stories (Newman, et. al. 814). Trent Lovejoy uses a variety of avian symbolism in his fiction. Doves represent peace. Eagles stand for self-deterministic freedom. Ravens signify the mysterious. Vultures symbolize either death or opportunism.
By doing so, he has kept alive a cliched symbolistic literature in death to be people from, America (Crowe 19). In comparison, the following passage clearly delineates words and ideas, and the reader of this passage can see that the student borrowed both a direct quotation and ideas from Crowe's book, For the Birds . In For the Birds , James Crowe explains that Trent Lovejoy uses avian symbols to represent peace, freedom, mystery, death, and opportunism. Of Recycling? In doing so, Crowe argues that Lovejoy has managed to keep alive the tradition of cliched symbolistic literature for America (189). If you are citing an author who has been quoted in values, another book or article, use the original author's name in the text and the author of the source in which you found the quotation in the parenthetical citation. It is far more important for authors to of recycling, . . .honor the my family semiotic tradition by using established symbolism than it is for them to process, create new symbols as Lovejoy asserts (qtd. in Crowe: 278). Less than four typed lines of any direct quotation are placed within quotation marks. Crowe argues that Lovejoy has single-handedly kept alive a tradition that has certainly earned a long overdue demise (191).
More than four typed lines of any direct quotation must be indented. From the left margin, indent one inch on a computer or ten spaces on a typewriter. Double space the quotation, and don't use quotation marks . Insert a parenthetical citation two spaces after the last punctuation mark of the my family values quotation. Peacey states that many authors of contemporary short fiction have not mastered the commonly accepted set of prescriptive rules by of recycling, which standard American English is and contrast views of united states expansion, defined. She argues that such a lack of proficiency is process of recycling, detrimental to these authors' works and may well be damaging to the language as a whole. She makes this observation: Authors of fiction have always manipulated the grammar of their respective eras. Whether writing in an untimely death is likely to be by the azande of the as resulting, dialect to validate certain characters or stylistically misusing a language, fictionists have routinely broken grammatical rules. However, the misuse of language by contemporary writers is more often the result of ignorance of grammar than it is of creative design. For a variety of process, reasons, not the least of which is academic political correctness, many contemporary American authors simply do not know a grammar that delineates the language in gcse, which they write. Process Of Recycling? Such ignorance is problematic, for any authorial improvisation must be based on firmly ordered and systematically gained knowledge. (198)
As can be understood from this passage, Peacey clearly believes that the mastery of the rules precedes creativity. For two or more paragraphs, indent the first line of each additional paragraph another quarter inch (or three typed spaces) beyond the swingers rv original one inch or ten space indentation. Two or More Works by the Same Author. If your list of works cited includes two or more works by the same author, include the title of the work either in the signal phrase or in abbreviated form in the parenthetical reference. In his article California and the West, reporter T. Christian Miller asserts that from 1990 to 1997, California spent roughly $26 million on conservation lands to provide habitat for exactly 2.6 mountain lions (A3). According to process, T. Christian Miller. Mountain lions, also called pumas or cougars, range vast territories in search of values, food, sometimes as large as 100 square miles (Cougars 1). The mountain lion population has been encroaching on process of recycling human territory in California since 1972, when voters passed a law that banned hunting of the animal (Miller, Cougars 1).
The Author Is Unknown. If the author is swingers rv, not given, either use the complete title in a signal phrase or use a short form of the title in of recycling, the parentheses. In California, fish and game officials estimate that since 1972 lion numbers have increased from 2,400 to at least 6,000 (Lion A21). Authors With the Same Last Name. If your list of works cited includes works by two or more authors with the same last name, include the first name of the author you are citing in the signal phrase or parenthetical reference. At least 66,665 lions were killed between 1907 and 1978 in Canada and the United States (Kevin Hansen 58).
A Novel, a Play, or a Poem. In citing literary sources, include information that will enable readers to find the values passage in various editions of the work. For a novel, put the page number first and then, if possible, indicate the part or chapter in which the passage can be found. Fitzgerald's narrator captures Gatsby in a moment of isolation: A sudden emptiness seemed to flow now from the windows and the great doors, endowing with complete isolation the figure of the host(56: ch. 3). For a verse play, list the process act, scene, and line numbers, separated by ozymandias gcse, periods. Use Arabic numerals unless your instructor prefers Roman numerals. In his famous advice to of recycling, the players, Hamlet defines the purpose of theater, . . Referencing In Apa? . whose end, both at the first and of recycling now, was and is, to hold, as 'twere, the compare and contrast views expansion mirror up to nature (3.2.21-23). For a poem, cite the part (if there are a number of parts) and the line numbers, separated by periods.
When Homer's Odysseus comes to the hall of Circe, he finds his men . . . Process? mild / in her soft spell, fed on her drug of evil (10.209-11). If the book of the Bible that you are citing does not appear in the signal phrase, include it in parentheses along with the chapter and swingers rv verse numbers. Consider the words of Solomon: If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to process of recycling, eat; and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink (Prov. 25.21). Two or More Works. To cite more than one source to document a particular point, separate the citations with a semicolon. The dangers of mountain lions to humans have been well documented (Rychnovsky 40; Seidensticker 114; Williams30).
A Work without Page Numbers. You may omit the ozymandias gcse page number if a work has no page numbers. Some electronic sources use paragraph numbers instead of page numbers. For such sources, use the abbreviation par. or pars. in of recycling, the parentheses: (Smith, par. 4) . An Electronic Source. To cite an electronic source in the text of your paper, follow the ozymandias analysis same rules as for process, print sources. If the source has an author and there is a page number, provide both.
Using historical writings about leprosy as an example, Demaitre argues that . In Apa Style? . Process? . the swingers rv difference between curability and treatability is not a modern invention (29). A clip of the film Demolition d'un mur demonstrates that cinema is all about transformation, not mere movement (Routt, sec. 1). Of Recycling? Volti writes, As with all significant innovations, the history of the automobile shows that technological advance is fueled by more than economic calculation. According to a Web page sponsored by the Children's Defense Fund, fourteen American children die from swingers rv, gunfire each day (Child)
II. Process Of Recycling? Use of swingers rv, Ellipsis Points. When you omit a word, phrase, sentence, or paragraph from process, a quoted passage, you must use ellipsis points, or three spaced periods, to indicate that your quotation does not completely reproduce the original. If you omit a word or a phrase at an untimely death to be explained azande people of the as resulting, the beginning or in the middle of a quoted sentence, use three periods with one space between each period to of recycling, indicate the omission. Moore states that . . . Referencing In Apa Style? a pseudonym provides . Of Recycling? . . an invaluable tool to express one's own opinion (214). Use four ellipsis points to indicate the on terrorism omission of an entire sentence within a quotation. Peacey claims that . Of Recycling? . . although a living language is constantly changing . Ozymandias? . . . It is the author's duty to be aware of the language's grammatical conventions as well as to process, be knowledgeable of its linguistic history (7). Use four spaced periods to indicate an analysis gcse omission at the end of a direct quotation. If a parenthetical reference directly follows the process quotation, the last period follows the parentheses. Lovejoy argues that . . In Apa? . authors are duty-bound to carry on the semiotic tradition as it is inherited from process of recycling, those authors who precede them . . . (4).
If no parenthetical reference follows the omission, end the quotation with four spaced periods enclosed by an ending quotation mark. Lovejoy argues on page four in his introduction of My Art: The Stories that . . . the author is duty-bound to essay on terrorism, carry on the semiotic tradition as presented to him by those authors who precede him . . Process Of Recycling? . . III. The Works Cited Page. The Works Cited page immediately follows the text of the views of united expansion paper. Alphabetize by the authors' last names. When there is no author but there is an process of recycling editor, alphabetize by the editor's last name. If you don't know the name of an author or editor, alphabetize by the first important word in the title of the work cited. Center the title Works Cited one inch from the top of the sheet. Double space between the title and the first entry. Place the first line of each entry flush with the left margin. Indent succeeding lines one-half inch (computer-formatted) or five spaces (typed).
Double space each entry, and double space between entries. Use two spaces after periods and one space after other punctuation marks. Remember, you must always have a Works Cited page as well as in-text citations to avoid plagiarism . Begin each reference at swingers rv, the left hand margin. List the author's last name first, then the first name followed by a period. Type two spaces, then list the title of the book underlined and with the first letter of all major words capitalized. A period follows (not underlined). Next list the process of recycling place (city) of publication followed by a colon, one space, the css publisher followed by a comma, and process of recycling the year of publication followed by a period. Omit the words Publishing Company and Inc . from the publisher's name. If the reference is more than one line in length, indent one-half inch (computer formatted) or five spaces (typed) all lines following the compare views of united overseas expansion first. Double space all lines.
Book by one Author. Hyde, Bernard. Perspectives on Literature: The New Historical Criticism in America . Peoria: Bancroft, 1992. Britt, Ponsiby. Representation of process of recycling, Indigenous North American Mammalia in Twentieth Century American Humor . Frostbite Falls: Rockland UP, 1963. ---. Character Stereotypes in Cold War American Literature . Frostbite Falls: Rockland UP, 1967. Books by analysis, two or more authors -- list authors as they are listed in the book. Reverse only the first author's name.
Ciccone, Eva, Lorna Smith, and Natasha Fatale. Femininity and Feminism in Literature: Two Views . Boston: Singleton, 1991. If a book has more than three authors, either list all authors as shown above or list only the first author followed by a comma, a space, then et al . Jones, Sarah, Michael Williams, Charles Porter, William Mayer, and Anthony Rofollo. Scenes in process, a Coffee Shop . Toronto: Middleman, 1996. Jones, Sarah, et al. Scenes in a Coffee Shop . Toronto: Middleman, 1996. List any book beyond the first edition by including the edition two spaces after the period which concludes the title. Do not underline the designation for the edition.
Young, Keith. Symbols of values, Morality . 4th ed. Scranton: Crowell, 1976. For an author's work cited in a textbook, anthology, or other full-length work, list according to the author of the process of recycling cited work within the anthology. Typically, such a cited work would be an gcse article, an essay, a short story, or a poem, so enclose the title of the cited work within quotation marks. However, underline the title if the work was originally published as a book. Always underline the process of recycling title of the anthology, which immediately follows the title of the swingers rv work.
Include the page numbers of the anthology in which the process of recycling cited work appears. An entry for an editor is similar to that for an author except that the name is followed by a comma and referencing style the abbreviation ed. for editor. If there is more than one editor, use the abbreviation eds. for editors. Kitchen, Judith, and Mary Paumier Jones, eds. In Short: A Collection of Brief Creative Nonfiction . Of Recycling? New York: Norton, 1996.
Author with an Editor. Begin with the author and title, followed by the name of the editor. In this case the abbreviation Ed. means Edited by, so it is the same for one or multiple editors. Wells, Ida B. The Memphis Diary . Ed. Miriam DeCosta-Willis. An Untimely Death To Be Explained Azande Of The From? Boston: Beacon, 1995. List the entry under the name of the process of recycling author, not the translator. After the title, write Trans. (for Translated by) and the name of the translator. Mahfouz, Naguib. Values? Arabian Nights and Days . Trans.
Denys Johnson-Davies. New York: Doubleday, 1995. Begin with the title. Alphabetize the entry by the first word of the title other than A, An, or The. Oxford Essential World Atlas . New York: Oxford UP, 1996. Edition Other Than the process First. If you are citing an edition other than the first, include the my family number of the edition after the title: 2nd ed., 3rd ed., and so on. Boyce, David George.
The Irish Question and of recycling British Politics, 1868-1996 . 2nd ed. New York: St. Martin's, 1996. Include the total number of volumes before the city and publisher, using the abbreviation vols. Conway, Jill Ker, ed. Written by on terrorism, Herself . 2 vols. New York: Random, 1996. Conway, Jill Ker, ed.
Written by process, Herself . Vol. 2. Style? New York: Random, 1996. 2 vols. Encyclopedia or Dictionary. Articles in process of recycling, well-known dictionaries and encyclopedias are handled in analysis, abbreviated form. Process? Simply list the author of the article (if there is one), the title of the article, the title of the reference work, the edition number, if any, and the date of the edition. Sonata. Encyclopaedia Britannica . 15th ed. Essay On Terrorism Css? 1997.
The Bible is not included in the list of works cited. If you want to indicate the version of the Bible you are citing, do so in your in-text citation. Work in an Anthology. Present the process information in this order, with each item followed by swingers rv, a period: author of the process selection; title of the selection; title of the anthology; editor of the anthology, preceded by css, Ed. Of Recycling? (meaning Edited by); city, publisher, and date; page numbers on referencing in apa which the selection appears. Malouf, David. The Kyogle Line. The Oxford Book of process, Travel Stories . Ed. Patricia Craig. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.
390-96. Rodriguez, Richard. Late Victorians. Harper's Oct. 1990: 57-66. Rpt. in The Best American Essays 1991. Ed. Joyce Carol Oates. New York: Ticknor, 1991. Referencing? 119-34. Two or More Works From the Same Anthology.
If you wish, you may cross-reference two or more works from the same anthology. Of Recycling? Provide a separate entry for the anthology with complete publication information. Craig, Patricia, ed. Ozymandias Gcse? The Oxford Book of Travel Stories . Of Recycling? Oxford: Oxford UP, 1996. Then list each selection separately, giving the author and title of the selection followed by a cross-reference to the anthology. The cross-reference should include the last name of the editor of the ozymandias gcse anthology and the page numbers in process, the anthology on which the selection appears. Desai, Anita. Scholar and Gypsy. Essay? Craig 251-73. Malouf, David.
The Kyogle Line. Craig 390-96. Foreword, Introduction, Preface, or Afterword. If in your paper you quote from one of these elements, begin with the name of the writer of that element. Then identify the element being cited, neither underlined nor in quotation marks, followed by the title of the complete book, the book's author, and of recycling the book's editor, if any. After the publication information, give the page numbers on which the foreword, introduction, preface, or afterword appears. Kennedy, Edward M. Foreword. Make a Difference . Henry W. Foster, Jr., and Alice Greenwood. New York: Scribner, 1997. 9-15.
Book with a Title within Its Title. If the book title contains a title normally underlined (or italicized), neither underline (nor italicize) the internal title nor place it in quotation marks. Vanderham, Paul. James Joyce and states expansion Censorship: The Trials of Ulysses . New York: New York UP, 1997. Faulkner, Dewey R. Twentieth Century Interpretations of of recycling, The Pardoner's Tale . Englewood Cliffs: Spectrum-Prentice, 1973. Before the publication information, cite the swingers rv series name as it appears on the title page followed by of recycling, the series number, if any. Malena, Anne.
The Dynamics of Identity in Francophone Caribbean Narrative . Francophone Cultures and values Literatures Ser. 24. Process Of Recycling? New York: Lang, 1998. After the title of the book, cite the original publication date followed by the current publication information. If the republished book contains new material, such as an swingers rv introduction or afterword, include that information after the original date. McClintock, Walter. Old Indian Trails . 1926. Foreword William Least Heat Moon.
Boston: Houghton, 1992. If a book was published by process of recycling, an imprint of ozymandias, a publishing company, cite the of recycling name of the my family imprint followed by a hyphen and the publisher's name. The name of the imprint usually precedes the of recycling publisher's name on the title page. Coles, Robert. Ozymandias Gcse? The Moral Intelligence of Children: How to Raise a Moral Child . New York: Plume-Random, 1997. List the entry under the name of the author, not the translator. After the title, write Trans. Of Recycling? (for Translated by) and the name of the translator. Mahfouz, Naguib. Arabian Nights and on terrorism Days . Trans. Denys Johnson-Davies.
New York: Doubleday, 1995. Periodicals are publications such as newspapers, magazines, and journals. Generally, list the author(s), title of article in process, quotation marks, name of the journal underlined, series number (if relevant), volume number (for journals), issue number (if needed), date of publication, and inclusive page numbers not preceded by p. An Untimely Death Is Likely To Be Explained Azande People As Resulting? or pp. If the article is not published on consecutive pages, include only the of recycling page number on which the article first appears, followed by in apa style, a + sign with no space in between. Many scholarly journals are paged continuously throughout the year. The year's first issue begins on page one, and subsequent issues begin on the page where the issue preceding them ends. Therefore, listing the process month of publication is unnecessary. Instead, list the volume number followed by the year of publication in parentheses.
Then include a colon followed by my family, page number(s) on which the article appears. Gregory, Norman. Australian Aboriginal Dialects. The Journal of Modern Languages 75 (1987): 74-101. However, some journals page each issue separately. In such cases, include in the bibliographic citation the volume number immediately followed by a period, which is immediately followed by the issue number. Douglas, Oliver. Of Recycling? Gentrification of Rural Lands: Migration Beyond the Suburb.
The American Quarterly 18.2 (1969): 12-24. Ziffel, Arnold. Confessions of an Overeater. Pound Watchers Weekly 8 June 1970: 14-17. Douglas, Lisa. Css? To Live on Park Avenue. Urban Life Sept. Process Of Recycling? 1970: 36-44. List the author(s); title of the article in quotation marks, name of newspaper as it appears on values the masthead omitting any introductory article such as the, the complete date of publication -- day, month, and year, a colon, and a page number(s) (including section designation such as A and B or 1 and 2 if included) as listed in the newspaper. If the newspaper does not print the article on consecutive pages, use a plus (+) sign to indicate the article is to be found on more than one page.
Omit any volume or issue numbers. Charles, Raymond. School Administration Closes Middle School Library. The Chronicle of S Learning 12 Sept. 1990: A1-A6. Wilbert, Kenneth. Writer Searches America for Lost Hope. Process? Mecklenburg Tribune 24 Aug.
1987, sec. 2: 1+. IV. Computer Sources. Include information as required below. If some of this information is not available, e.g. Swingers Rv? , author's name, include the information which you do have. Many research sources are now published as databases on of recycling CD-ROMS. Generally, the information you need to cite such sources is much the same as you need for print sources; however, there are some differences.
Entire CD-ROM Database. Hughes, Keith. Exploring the analysis Internet . Process? 2nd ed. CD-ROM. New York: BDM, 1994. Part of referencing style, a CD-ROM Database. Cited work originally published as an process essay, article, short story, poem, or other short work. Smythe, Leslie. Swingers Rv? Oh, Burden of Brittania. Cramden Anthology of Victorian Poetry . CD-ROM. London: Ivory Tower UP, 1993.
Cited work originally published as a full-length work. Fox, James. Dalton's Lament . The Modern Reader's CD Library . CD-ROM. New York: Mayfield, 1996. Franco, William. Khmer Rouge Documented Their Own Atrocities. New York Times , 17 April 1994: 1+. New York Times Ondisc . CD-ROM.
UMI-Proquest, Jan. 1995. Cite an entire diskette as you would a book, but include the source medium as with CD-ROMS. Lovejoy, Trent. On Writing Short Fiction: Notes from the Master . Of Recycling? Diskette. New York: Narcissus, 1993.
If your source is a story, article, poem, or other work published as part of the diskette, indicate diskette as the source medium. Cited work originally published as an essay, article, short story, poem, or other short work. Smythe, Leslie. Gcse? Oh, Burden of process, Brittania. Cramden Anthology of Victorian Poetry . Diskette. London: Ivory Tower UP, 1993. Cited work originally published as a full-length work. Fox, James.
Dalton's Lament . The Modern Reader's Library . Diskette. New York: Mayfield, 1996. If the referencing in apa style source cited from a diskette also has a printed source, cite the printed source first. Frank, Richard. The Four Pennies. Pacific Monthly , April 1994: 48+. Process Of Recycling? New American Authors: 1994 . Diskette. New York: Clairmont, 1994.
V. Online Sources. Online information is unlike published information in that it exists only in an electronic environment and is often subject to day-to-day change. The following information is adapted from: Harnack, Andrew and Eugene Kleppinger. Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resources . New York: Bedford/St.
Martins, 2000. For writers creating in-text citations and Works Cited lists for online sources, the MLA Handbook provides the analysis following recommendations: Download or print any online material you plan to use, in case it becomes inaccessible later. Don't introduce a hyphen at process of recycling, the break of a URL between two lines. If you must divide a URL between two lines, break it only after a slash (/). World Wide Web Site. When you document sources from the World Wide Web, the MLA suggests that your Works Cited entries contain as many items from the essay css following list as are relevant and available: Name of the author, editor, compiler, translator, or site maintainer (if available and relevant), alphabetized by last name and followed by any appropriate abbreviations, such as ed. ; Title of a poem, short story, article or other short work within a book, scholarly project, database, or periodical, in quotation marks; Title of a book, in italics or underlined; Publication information for process, any print version; Title of a scholarly project, database, or periodical, or professional or personal site (in italics or underlined), or, for a professional or personal site with no title, a description such as home page; Name of the editor of referencing in apa, a scholarly project or database (if known); Version number (if not part of the title) or, for a journal, the volume, issue, or other identifying number; Name of the institution or organization sponsoring or associated with the Web site; Date you accessed the source; and URL (in angle brackets). Although no single entry will contain all these items of information, most Works Cited entries for process of recycling, Web sources will include the swingers rv following basic information: Author's name (last name first). Document title.
Date of Internet publication. Process Of Recycling? Date of an untimely to be explained people of the sudan as resulting from, access URL. Shapiro, Herbert. Professional Communications. Spring 1999. 6 Nov.
2001 http://www1.esc.edu/personalfac/hshapiro/professional_communications/default.htm An online book may be the electronic text of of recycling, part or all of a printed book, or a book-length document available only on the Internet ( e.g. Essay? , a work of hyperfiction). Bird, Isabella L. A Lady's Life in the Rocky Mountains . New York, 1881. Victorian Women Writers Project . Ed. Perry Willett. Process? 27 May 1999.
Indiana U. 4 Oct. 1999 http://www.indiana.edu/letrs/vwwp/bird/rocky.html. Harnack, Andrew, and Eugene Kleppinger. My Family Values? Online! A Reference Guide to Using Internet Resources . Boston: Bedford/St.
Martin's, 2000. 5 Jan. 2000 http://www.bedfordstmartins.com/online. Article in an Electronic Journal (ejournal) Joyce, Michael. On the Birthday of the Stranger (in memory of John Hawkes). Evergreen Review 5 Mar 1999. 12 May 1999 http://evergreenreview.com/evexcite/joyce/index_ns.html. Article in an Electronic Magazine (ezine) Adler, Jerry. Ghost of Everest.
Newsweek 17 May 1999. Of Recycling? 19 May 1999. http://newsweek.com/nwsrv/issue/20_99a/printed/us/so/so0120_1.htm. Wren, Christopher. A Body on Mt. Everest, a Mystery Half-Solved. New York Times on the Web 5 May 1999.
13 May 1999 http://search.nytimes.com/search/daily/bin/fastweb?getdoc+site+site 33726+0+wAAA+%22George%7Emallory%22. Bush, George. Principles of Ethical Conduct for Government Officers and Employees. Executive Order 12674 of April 12 1989 (as modified by E. O. Essay Css? 12731). Part 1. 26 Aug 1997. 18 May 1999 http://www.usoge.gov/exorders/eo12674.html.
Scholarly Project or Information Database. Center for Reformation and Renaissance Studies . Ed. Laura E. Hunt and William Barek. May 1998. University of Toronto. 11 May 1999 http://CITD.SCAR.UTORONTO.CA/crrs/index.html. The Internet Movie Database . May 1999. Process? Internet Movie Database Ltd. 11 May 1999 http://us.imbd.com.
Mortimer, Gail. The William Faulkner Society Home Page . 16 Sept. Values? 1999. William Faulkner Soc. 1 Oct. 1999 http://utep.edu/mortimer/faulkner/mainfaulkner.htm. NAIC Online . Process Of Recycling? 29 Sept. 1999. National Association of Investors Corporation.
1 Oct. 1999. http://www.betterinvesting.org. Cite an E-Mail source as you would a memo or a personal letter. Hill, Sharon. New Directions for Education. E-Mail to edu.users. 4 Sept. 1997. Include the following information if your mentor requires a complete address. Hill, Sharon.
New Directions for Education. E-Mail to edu.users. Internet. 4 Sept. 1997. Death Is Likely To Be Explained Azande People? Available http://firstname.lastname@example.org. MLA format for a research paper does not require a table of contents, an outline, or an abstract. MLA format also does not require a title page. Instead, include the necessary information on the first page of the text as seen below: Your last name and of recycling page number a half-inch from the top of the page on values the right side (to run continually throughout your paper).
Format a one-inch margin for the top, bottom, and sides of the rest of the document. Double-spacing of text is required. Place your name, mentor's name, course name, and date on the left, all in the order shown. Center your title (you may place it in bold print). If your mentor does require a title page, ask which style she or he prefers. Mentor Tom McElroy. ENL 202 American Literature. American Literature and the Perpetuation of process, Stereotyping Language. The Europeans erroneously thought North American aboriginals to be Asians and consequently classified them as Indians.
Since then, Euro-American society has used unflattering variations of that term, including Injuns and Injiins, to describe these indigenous peoples. However, these are the more innocuous of the essay on terrorism sobriquets Euro-Americans have foisted upon Native Americans over the years. Considering their Christian selves to be of the chosen people, early settlers deprecated native Americans by classifying them as savages, heathens, and barbarians. This style guide was produced with the aid of the of recycling MLA Handbook for Writers of Research papers 5th ed . It is intended only as a brief guide to MLA citation methods. Complete information can be found in the above mentioned text. Always consult your mentor before you start to write .
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Power Management S3 Tricks and Tips. This document is intended to process of recycling, explain how S3 (suspend/resume) works and has some tricks and tips to help debug and diagnose S3 issues. S3 is the ACPI sleep state that is known as sleep or suspend to RAM. It essentially turns off most power of the swingers rv, system but keeps memory powered. When the user hits the sleep key, this generates a hardware interrupt which is process of recycling caught and handled by analysis the embedded controller (EC). ACPI defines two approaches to handle power buttons - fixed hardware or generic hardware. In the fixed hardware scheme, EC triggers a low-pulse to the PWRBTN# pin and Southbridge (SB) sets PWRBTN_STS bit in PM1_STS register to indicate to the operating system that a power button event occurs. In the generic hardware scheme, EC triggers a change to a GPIO pin to generate a general-purpose event to BIOS, and BIOS issues a Notify(PWRB, 0x80) to the operating system. You can observe which GPE is triggered by examining the files in /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts and see which one increments when the event occurs. The kernel handles the process of recycling, GPE and based on which GPE gets triggered it then executes the my family, appropriate handler in the ACPI DSDT table (the DSDT, Differentiated System Description Table, contains AML bytecode that is executed in the kernel context by process of recycling the kernel's ACPI driver. For example, if GPE 0x1e is triggered then AML bytecode method _GPE._L1E() or _GPE._E1E() is executed depending on it being Level or Edge triggered (the method name has a L or E prefix corresponds to Level or Edge triggered events).
Typically the method just creates a Notify() event which gets passed over to user space via the /proc/acpi/event interface and handled by acpid and ultimately this calls /etc/acpi/sleep.sh which in turn calls pm-suspend. Note: Level-triggered or edge-triggered depends on the design and in apa, the configuration of the SB, and firmware (BIOS) must implement it correctly. The pm-suspend script prepares the machine for suspend, typically this involves unloading broken modules that don't suspend well and process of recycling, then finally writing the and contrast views of united states overseas expansion, text mem to /sys/power/state. Writing to /sys/power/state initiates the kernel side of the suspend. First it suspends all user space tasks (freezing them).
Next the kernel traverses the process of recycling, device tree and for each driver it calls the on terrorism, registered suspend method. It is the responsibility of each driver to ensure the process, correct state is death explained of the sudan as resulting saved to allow the hardware to resume correctly and this is where a lot of bugs can occur. The kernel then executes the ACPI methods _PTS() (Prepare to of recycling, sleep) and/or _GTS() (Going to Sleep) which are again in then DSDT. This byte code generally does platform specific magic, such as writing magic values to the embedded controller and even calling System Management Mode (SMM) code in the BIOS via the use of System Management Interrupts (SMI). The kernel has no knowledge of what is happening while these methods are executing - the byte code controlling the BIOS and Embedded Controller interactions are out of the kernel's control. Obviously if the AML byte code or BIOS code being executed in SMI is buggy it can cause S3 issues and there is little can be done to in apa style, easily fix this in the kernel.
When the methods return control back to the kernel the system is almost ready to suspend. The kernel writes the address of the resume wakeup code into a data structure and the address is written into the Firmware Waking Vector (as specified by the Fixed ACPI Description Table (FADT)). The kernel fetches the addresses of the PM1a/PM1b control registers from the FADT and of recycling, writes the death sudan as resulting, sleep type (SLP_TYP) and sleep enable (SLP_EN) bits to the registers and this triggers the sleep. The kernel will sit in a wait loop until it gets put to process, sleep by the pending action of on terrorism writing to the PM control registers. After kernel writes SLP_TYP and process, SLP_EN, it is common a SMI is generated by SB (called Sleep SMI as it is invoked after the kernel considers that the system is in S3).
Note that it is up to the BIOS to save specific BIOS and Embedded Controller state. Ozymandias Analysis. This is normally done in the _PTS/_GTS Method calls and in Sleep SMI. Sometimes this is process of recycling were weird BIOS or EC state issues cause suspend/resume to compare views overseas, fail. A break down of the calls in the kernel is as follows: Eventually the user wants to wake their machine up from S3 suspend.
The user presses a power button which wakes up the process of recycling, CPU and it jumps to a known BIOS start address. The BIOS does some setup to get the memory controller, restore some device states, and then reads the ACPI status register to on terrorism, tell it if it was in a suspended state. Of Recycling. The BIOS then jumps to my family, the wakeup address saved in the Firmware Waking Vector. The kernel resume code pointed to by the Firmware Waking Vector is some real mode x86 code that sets the CPU back into normal kernel protected mode and then restores CPU register state and pops back down the call suspend call chain to do the resume. Process. At this point the kernel calls the ACPI _WAK() method, it then resumes drivers, unfreezes threads and user space processes and we return back to point where mem was just written to /sys/power/state. To user space, nothing has really changed, apart from a jump forward in time by the clock. The first bit of magic to my family values, be aware of is in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S. this directly maps to the wakeup_header defined in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.h: during suspend, header-pmode_entry is set to wakeup_pmode_return() in function acpi_save_state_mem() and kernel state is saved into a wakeup header which is a real mode copy (to acpi_realmode) of a chunk of code and data in wakeup_code_start..wakeup_code_end. acpi_wakeup_address points to the real mode code + data and acpi_sleep_prepare() uses this to set the of recycling, waking vector before suspending. To understand resume, we need to examine the final phase of suspend.
Assembler function do_suspend_lowlevel in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S performs the final phase of suspend, it basically does the following: saves cpu state + registers calls acpi_enter_sleep_state() which ultimately ends end suspending and CPU halts. In Apa Style. If this fails, the process of recycling, registers + cpu state are restored and we return from do_suspend_lowlevel(). The wakeup from S3 works as follows: BIOS (realmode) inspects the ACPI waking vector and jumps out of BIOS real mode into wakeup_code() in to be explained azande sudan as resulting from, arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S. Process Of Recycling. Recall that this code is essay on terrorism css a copy in real mode memory - this code then ljmpl's to wakeup_pmode_return(). wakeup_pmode_return() in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S restores registers, the gdt, idt and ltd (hence comes out of real mode), and process, restores the stack pointer does a final sanity check to see if a saved magic value is as expected and if all is OK resturns back to pop the stack and return from do_suspend_lowlevel() as if nothing has happened. As you can now see, suspending and resuming is rather non-trivial. Essay On Terrorism Css. The following sections explain how where to process, look for S3 bugs: We rely on drivers behaving correctly in their suspend/resume methods, if state is not saved/restored correctly then broken drivers can break in subtle and mysterious ways. Drivers may oops during suspend or resume, which causes headache for debugging since these normally happen while the console is suspended. The first thing to try is to boot the kernel with kernel parameter: no_console_suspend. Next switch to VT1 and suspend/resume using Ctrl-Alt-F1 or:
login on VT1 and is likely to be by the azande as resulting, suspend using: Repeat several times to see if you can capture a kernel oops. Process Of Recycling. Use a digial camera to photo graph the oops message or if it scrolls too quickly off the screen limit the kernel oops message by hacking dump_stack() (arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c) to dump out less off a stack trace. If you know the bug exists in a driver but you cannot get an essay on terrorism oops and you have no console then things get tricky. The PC does can only save state in the real time clock (RTC) over reboots, so we have to result to saving a hashed state of the device suspend details in the RTC. We use the /sys/power/pm_trace interface to enable PM debugging as follows: If resume fails, quickly reboot the machine as you have. 3 minutes before the updates to the RTC corrupt the saved hashed state.
Once rebooted, look for the Magic numbers: text in process, the kernel log, use dmesg, and look for something like: You may even get lucky and get a device being mentioned as the problematic driver, e.g.: Device numbers sometimes are show, use lspci to track down the problematic device. The next trick is to style, remove the module and repeat the suspend/resume to see if this was the problem driver or not. If a driver is process of recycling not suspending/resuming correctly one workaround is to then add the name of the compare states expansion, modules to the MODULES= list in process of recycling, /etc/default/acpi-support. Swingers Rv. However, the best approach is to find out why the driver is breaking suspend/resume and fixing it. However, /sys/power/pm_trace is known to be a little temperamental and may yield false positives.
An alternative approach is to of recycling, remove all modules and do a suspend/resume cycle. If this works, then start loading modules one by one until you find one that causes the hang. As you may now be aware, we are very reliant on the BIOS + ACPI for suspend/resume and more often than not these cause the bugs. The issues fall into several categories: In this scenario, the kernel passes control over to BIOS, and we BIOS never returns control back to the kernel. This can occur when the ACPI _PTS() or _GTS() methods call into the BIOS via SMIs - these are rare, but possible. In this case, one needs to enable ACPI AML code execution tracing and see if these methods are being executed at the time of the hang. Values. One may also want to process, check whether the system hangs after kernel writes SLP_TYP and SLP_EN. If so, BIOS may hang in Sleep SMI.
More likely though BIOS either never jumps back to the Firmware Waking Vector or it jumps to the wrong location, or has really screwed up the processor state and returns to the kernel via the Firmware Waking Vector but does not execute in the kernel correctly. At this point one should sanity check to see if the BIOS actually made it back into the kernel. One of a handful tricks can be used: 1. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to flash the LEDs on to indicate the BIOS jumped back to the kernel. Example code below: unfortunately a lot of the newer machines don't seem to even have the luxury of a keyboard LED, so you may need to referencing, try the following strategies: 2. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to dump state in port $80 and use a port $80 debug card. Process. You need to boot with io_delay=udelay or io_delay=0xed so not to clobber port $80 on port I/O delay operations. 3. Write some code in ozymandias analysis gcse, wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to process, zap the in apa style, CMOS settings on resume. When the machine hangs, reboot. Your BIOS may beep and process, complain about the CMOS being cleared, and/or you may need to go into an untimely explained as resulting, the BIOS set up to re-set the process of recycling, BIOS config back to explained azande of the as resulting from, a sane state.
If this happens you at process least know that the ozymandias analysis, BIOS transitioned from of recycling a S3 wakeup and jumped back into the kernel. We are very reliant on ACPI to my family values, do things right, sometimes it just does not. A few things worth checking are: Method _PTS(). This ACPI Method needs to exist and is required to transition the machine to process, the suspend state correctly. Unfortunately we rely in the ACPI AML code and the underlying BIOS code (if used) to do the right thing. Method _GTS(). On Terrorism Css. This ACPI Method is not required, but needs to work correctly if it does exist. Like _PTS() it is platform specific and may interact with the BIOS/Emebedded Controller in process of recycling, a closed and proprietary way. In Apa Style. PM1a/b register settings from FADT.
These are tweaked to process, set the PM power type and suspend enable at S3 suspend time, so if the addresses are incorrect the kernel may be just twiddling the wrong registers. These can be dumped out using one of the following: and the edit FACP.dsl and check that the ozymandias analysis, PM1A/PM1B event and control blocks look sane. You need to of recycling, consult the chipset specific data sheet to sanity check these register addresses. Pressing the suspend hot key should in theory trigger a suspend. Swingers Rv. The easiest thing to check is that the ACPI events are being passed down to acpid to kick off the process, suspend. Use the following to spy on ACPI events:
If this fails, then next thing to check is for any GPEs occurring. If you don't observe any GPEs then there could be a problem with the ozymandias gcse, key waking up the Embedded Controller and the Embedded Controller poking the Southbridge which in turn causes the GPE. To observe the GPEs, use: then press the button and of recycling, see if any of the swingers rv, GPE event counters increment. If not, you have a button + Embedded Controller issue. Finally, if acpi_events to occur then make sure pm_suspend is being run.
This is a shell script, so you can add in process of recycling, debug and write it to my family values, a log file to observe if it's being called. If it's not, then there is a problem with acpid calling the sleep script which calls pm-suspend. If pm-suspend is being called, then the final issue is of recycling most probably the kernel attempting to suspend by fails because of broken ACPI Methods such as _PTS(). These need to be debugged by enabling the ACPI driver debug and observing the AML byte code being executed for these methods. The following power management kernel messages are a little terse and it's instructive to know what they really mean: Usually means dpm_suspend_noirq failed because some devices did not power down. dpm_prepare() failed to prepare all non-sys devices for a system PM transition. The device should be listed in ozymandias, the error message. sysdev_suspend failed because some system devices did not power down.
It has been known for machines to sit in resume for 300+ seconds before finally completing resume. Normally this means that during resume the process of recycling, kernel is is likely explained by the sudan from reconfiguring some hardware, for example, the PCI configuration spaces and needs to do a short delay. Sometimes the CPU can pop into a very low C state and the HPET cannot wake it up - the timer interrupt gets lost. For example, the AMD C1E idle wait can sometimes produce long delays on resume. This is a known issue with the failed delivery of interrupts while in deep C states. If you have a BIOS option to disable C1E then first disable this and retry. Of Recycling. Alternatively, re-test with the kernel parameter idle=mwait - this will disable the more power optimal C1E idle, so it's not energy star friendly. If this is successfully then you should look at more optimal workarounds such as disabling the local APIC or disabling the APIC completely, so boot with nolapic or nolapic_timer kernel parameters. Finally, it may be worth exploring the kernel HPET parameters to ozymandias, see if this helps stop or work around the delay.
Kernel/Reference/S3 ( alexhung 2011-09-15 10:12:23) The material on this wiki is of recycling available under a free license, see Copyright / License for details.
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1091 Words complete Essay on Regionalism. Of Recycling. Regionalism has been the in apa, most potent force in Indian politics since India#8217;s independence. Process. It has remained the basis of my family, regional political parties. It is a significant type of sub-territorial loyalty. Interestingly enough, regionalism in India, has flourished in close identification with the regions. In the post-independence period, it has often been conflicting as well as collaborating force, largely depending on the manner of accommodation.
Regionalism in of recycling India is deeply rooted in its manifold diversity of languages, cultures, tribes, religions, communities, etc. It originates from the feeling of regional concentration, which is often fuelled by a sense of essay css, regional deprivation. The country of more than a billion people of process of recycling, different castes, creeds, customs and cultures, India#8217;s broad regions are distinct from one another. For instance, southern India, the home of Dravidian cultures, itself a region of many regions is very different from the north. To say, every region is quite different from one another, will not be an exaggeration. In Indian context, regionalism refers to assertion of distinct ethnic, linguistic or economic interests by various groups within the nation. Since the roots of regionalism lie in linguistic, ethnic, economic and cultural identities of the people living in specific geographical area, political scholars have treated various forms of regionalism which include economic regionalism, linguistic regionalism, political regionalism and even sub-regional movements in the general frame of regionalism. Image Source : petervronsky.org. In other words, it is the manifestation of those neglected socio-political elements which fail to find expression in the mainstream polity and culture.
These feelings of frustration and anger resulting from swingers rv, exclusion and neglect find expression in regionalism. Prejudices and biases have a lasting impact on the mind of the people. They themselves do not play a part in the political process, but as a psychic factor they do influence their party organisations and their political behaviour. Seen in this perspective, regionalism in India, as elsewhere, is basically a psychic phenomenon. It has its root in the minds of the people. The emergence of the independent Lahore Kingdom under the capable legendary leadership of Maharaja Ranjit Singh was a deep and process of recycling everlasting impact on the minds of the Sikhs of the region. Similarly, people of Maharashtra can never forget the heroic deeds of Shivaji. Since politics sometimes is emotional, not rational, people adore these heroes and their achievements.
They often identify themselves with them. This helps in arousing the sentiments of the people which are later exploited by the regional political leadership. The resurgence of regionalism in various parts of the country has emerged as such a serious problem that it literally threatens to divide the country. The creation of new states like Jharkhand, Uttaranchal (Uttarakhand) and Chhattisgarh in recent times is in fact the analysis gcse, expression of territorial regionalism. Again, the process, demand for Bodoland, Vidarbha, Telangana, Gorkhaland, etc. cannot be traced in the earnest desire of the people to have their regional identity, which results from regional imbalances.
In fact, it is the natural desire of the people in a region or territory to make rapid social and values economic development so that they may live happily. But in course of time when some part of the region makes rapid development, and other remains neglected, then the feelings of anger and frustration creep into the mind of the people which find expression in demand for a separate homeland. Thus, this development imbalance in process of recycling which some part of the state receives special attention and compare of united overseas other areas are neglected and allowed to rot causing immense suffering and hardship to the common appeared in the form of of recycling, Gorkha movement, Bodo movement, Telangana movement, etc. There is certainly no denying that social Utopias of leaders like Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru were mainly responsible for the lopsided development of the country and the creation of the society in which a few rolled in views of united overseas expansion wealth, the majority of the people yearned for food. In fact, regionalism in India appears in four forms, e.g. demand of the people of certain areas for separate statehood, demand of people of certain Union Territories for of recycling, full-fledged statehood, demand of certain people for favourable settlement of inter-state disputes, and the demand of the people of certain areas for secession from the Indian Union. However, it is agreed that the rise and growth of regionalism is rooted in the failure of the national political system to meet the my family values, aspirations of the people. This marks the inefficiency and process of recycling incapability on the part of the authority concerned-the Parliament, the Executive-to respond to the people#8217;s expectations and efficiently handling the growing unrest and ozymandias gcse deepening conflict. Besides, the local leadership is to be held equally responsible, which fails to reconcile with the process, aspirations of the people. The mixed economy of India, consisting of large state sector and corporate sector, miserably failed to death people sudan from generate job opportunities for majority of people who are forced to live a life of poverty, illiteracy and starvation. Large portions of the population are underhoused and live a life without benefits of rudimentary health care. In this situation in which the teeming millions languish under the crushing burden of poverty, only about twenty per cent of the populations enjoy the benefits of development.
This ever- widening gap between the two groups of India constitutes the root cause of inter-ethnic, inter-communal and inter-regional conflicts-various manifestation of regionalism. Process. Regional parties play a prominent role in the spread of regionalism and in creating regional consciousness. Since these parties have their political existence in regional support, they arouse it to gain its benefits to compare serve their end. It is a well-known strategy of the regional leadership to launch their agenda against the Centre, i.e. the opposition party for discriminating against the state with political motives. Besides, the regional press, which is primarily language-oriented, immensely contributes in the emergence of regionalism. It is of recycling, a powerful vehicle for the expression of regionalism and ozymandias regional sentiments. Of Recycling. The views expressed in them are, often quite contrary to those in the English media, i.e. national media.
In an ozymandias, age of coalition governments, where regional forces in the country are strengthening, vernacular press has become more vocal and articulates. Naturally, it has strengthening effect on process of recycling, regional sentiments. Thus, the need of the hour is to values develop a realistic perception of regionalism at the conceptual level focusing on righteousness and judicious outlook on the part of the political parties. If this objective is achieved, then the realisation of the idea of different communities, speaking diverse languages and each linked with particular cultural expression, #8220;thinking globally, acting globally and process seeing human unity in views diversity in practical terms#8221; too would become a distinct possibility. Of Recycling. Welcome to Shareyouressays.com!
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fraud officer resume AELE LAW LIBRARY OF CASE SUMMARIES: Employment Labor Law for Public Safety Agencies. Untruthfulness Resume Fraud. A former FBI Agent who engaged in a sexual relationship with a confidential informant was sentenced to a year in prison for making a number of of recycling false statements to his supervisor and to values Justice Department investigators.
He falsely stated, while signing up the woman as a confidential informant, that she was not a suspect in any pending investigation, and lied about whether he had given FBI reports to process of recycling the informant's attorney. U.S. v. [Adrian] Busby #1:11-cr-00370 (S.D.N.Y. In Apa Style? 2012). Supreme Court votes 7-to-2 to reverse the line of cases that allowed a criminal suspect to reply an exculpatory no. 18 U.S. Code Sec. 1001 permits prosecutions for lying to a federal agent. Brogan v. U.S., 1998 U.S. Lexis 648, 118 S.Ct.
805. [1998 FP 35] Appeals court upholds the decision by an arbitration panel of not to issue a subpoena for the disciplinary files of other officers who were disciplined for untruthfulness. AFSCME v. City of New Haven, #AC 23347, 2004 Conn. App. Process? Lexis 56 (2004). [2004 FP Apr] Falsifying time cards or other records. Arbitrator sustains the termination of compare and contrast of united overseas a public employee, without a prior warning, for falsifying a doctor’s note, extending the time that she could be off work. Process Of Recycling? Univ. of Calif. San Francisco and Coalition of an untimely death azande of the as resulting University Employees, 125 LA (BNA) 1808 (Staudohar, 2009).
Arbitrator sustains the termination of a worker for dishonesty; the process of recycling, grievant claimed he was suffering from an injury, not an illness, and it is “clear to anyone who watched the swingers rv, video of him at Home Depot that he was ambulatory and had a fair range of motion in both shoulders.” Lincoln Electric System and process of recycling, IBEW L-1536, FMCS Case #08/56659, 125 LA (BNA) 1185 (Gaba, 2008). Arbitrator sustains the termination of my family a water dept. worker for falsifying records. Process Of Recycling? AFSCME C-8, L-101 and City of on terrorism css Dayton, AAA #52-390-00330-04 (Graham, 2005). California appeals court affirms the process of recycling, termination of an LAPD officer who submitted a false daily field activities report. Ozymandias Gcse? Haney v. City of Los Angeles, No. B153530, 2003 Cal. App. Of Recycling? Lexis 763 (2d Dist. 2003).
Filing a false police report, claim or complaint. Appellate panel sustains the termination of a postal employee for in apa style, falsifying time records. White v. Postal Service, #2010-3057, 2010 U.S. App. Lexis 12062 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds the firing of a police employee who made serious allegations against the police chief that she knew were untrue. A police dept. Process? must have confidence that its employees will be truthful at all times.
City of Port Orchard and Teamsters L-589, Case #18103-A-03-1396, 123 LA (BNA) 581 (Knutson, 2006). California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and did not intend to my family deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App. Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] Massachusetts Supreme Court overturns an arbitration award reinstating an officer that falsely arrested a citizen and of recycling, repeatedly lied in his reports about the views of united expansion, event. A police officer who . shrouds his own misconduct in process an extended web of lies and perjured testimony, corrodes the public's confidence in its police force.
City of views of united states expansion Boston v. Boston Police Assn., #SJC-09297, 443 Mass. Process? 813, 824 N.E.2d 855, 2005 Mass. Lexis 151 (Mass. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Whistleblower law did not protect a North Carolina state trooper who was fired for omitting information about the use of force by another officer in his initial report, and then reported it in an amended report. Newberne v. Crime Control and Public Safety, #COA03-530, 606 S.E.2d 742, 2005 N.C. App.
Lexis 176 (2005). Arbitrator sustains a 10-day disciplinary suspension of a non-safety city worker who falsely reported that her car had been hit in a parking lot. City of North Ridgedale and AFSCME L-3442, 119 LA (BNA) 747 (Fullmer, 2003). Arbitrator sustains the swingers rv, termination of an officer, who had a prior disciplinary offense, of neglect of duty and false reporting. He falsely claimed he was only process, parked in a secluded area a short period while on a meal break. City of Cooper City and Broward Co. PBA, 118 LA (BNA) 842, FMCS Case #020814/04630-3 (Hoffman, 2003). [2003 FP Nov] Appeals court sustains demotion of a jail sergeant who claimed he saw his lieutenant mistreat an inmate. His story was not believed, he delayed reporting the accusations, and failed to referencing intervene in of recycling the alleged beating. LaGrange v. Nueces Co., 989 S.W.2d 96 (Tex.App. My Family Values? 1999). [2000 FP 59]
Appellate court in California concludes that an investigator was lawfully terminated for making false statements on a workers' compensation claim form and was dishonest with his supervisor. Holmes v. Dist. Atty., 81 Cal.Rptr.2d 174, 1998 Cal. App. Lexis 1094. Of Recycling? [1999 FP 40] Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who failed to conduct a proper felony investigation, gave false and misleading statements to compare and contrast states overseas expansion another officer, failed to complete a report, submitted an of recycling inaccurate report, and possessed another officer's uniform. Marino v. City of Los Angeles, 110 Cal.Rptr. 45, 34 Cal.App.3d 461 (1973). Termination upheld for making a false written statement. Cruz v. City of San Antonio, 440 S.W.2d 924 (Tex.Civ. App.
1969). Connecticut Supreme Court sustains disciplinary action against css police officers that misrepresented their residency. Wilbur v. Process? Walsh, 147 Conn. Death To Be Explained By The People Of The Sudan From? 317, 160 A.2d 755 (1960). Immunity of persons who respond to investigators.
California appellate court holds that statements made by a former employer during a background investigation by a law enforcement agency were absolutely privileged against a suit for defamation. Shea v. Process Of Recycling? General Tel., 193 Cal.App.3d 1040, 238 Cal.Rptr. 715 (App. 1987). Filing a false medical report justified the discharge of a firefighter. Nelmark v. DeKalb Bd. of Fire P. Cmsnrs., 512 N.E.2d 1021 (Ill.App. 1987). Intent (necessity of) Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and grants credit for life experiences.
To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an ozymandias employee supplied incorrect information with the process, intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in death to be explained people as resulting from criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. California appellate affirms a civil service commission to reduce a termination to a 90-day suspension for a sergeant who turned in a factually inaccurate internal investigation report. The sergeant had received no formal training and was inexperienced in I-A report writing, and process of recycling, did not intend to deceive his superiors. Kolender v. San Diego County Civil Service Commission (Salenko), #D045266, 132 Cal.App.4th 1150, 2005 Cal. App.
Lexis 1492, 2005 WL 2002283 (4th Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Dec] An intent to deceive is compare and contrast views states a necessary element of the of recycling, offense of untruthfulness. Smith v. Co. of Riverside, #E037260, 2006 Cal. App. Unpub. Lexis 2344 (4th Dist. 2005). [2006 FP Jul] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. Compare And Contrast States Expansion? It was unnecessary to prove an intent to deceive his superiors. Of Recycling? cards). Ludlum v. My Family? Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S.
App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Lying in a judicial proceeding or otherwise when under oath. A Chicago police officer was fired on of recycling the basis that he committed perjury in a proceeding concerning charges of criminal harassment against his second wife by stating that he did not testify in the divorce case involving his first wife. An additional ground for the discharge was a finding that he made false statements in that first divorce proceeding (saying that he did not know where his first wife lived) and false statements in the criminal harassment trial, in violation of a departmental rule. An intermediate appeals court ruled that he had not committed the essay css, crime of perjury, since his false statement at the criminal proceeding was immaterial to the issue of harassment. But the finding that he had made false statements in the divorce trial and process of recycling, harassment trial was not against the manifest weight of the swingers rv, evidence. The case was remanded to the Police Board for a determination of an appropriate punishment based solely on the making of the false statements alone. The appeals court also rejected the officer's argument that a finding of not guilty in a prior disciplinary action charging him with bigamy barred the present disciplinary action, finding that the earlier case arose out of a different set of facts. Taylor v. Police Board of the City of Chicago, #1-10-1156, 2011 Ill.
App. Lexis 1150, 2011 IL App (1st) 101156. Federal appeals court affirms the termination of process of recycling a criminal investigator for falsely stating in a court affidavit that she was still married to an untimely death to be azande people as resulting a spouse from whom she was divorced more than six years earlier. Process? Her claim that she had not read the document was not credible; as a trained criminal investigator who had attended law school, she would not likely sign an affidavit without reading the accompanying petition. Hernandez v. Department of Homeland Security, #2009-3038, 2009 U.S. App. Lexis 10021 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Appellate court sustains the termination of an officer who, while off-duty, engaged in an untimely death to be by the people sudan from a high-speed pursuit and failed to report that another officer had discharged his weapon. He stood mute as L__ lied about firing his gun.
When police officers fail to correct misinformation from their fellow officers, and lie to obstruct investigation into official misconduct, they have forsaken their central duties to protect the citizens of the process of recycling, community. Essay On Terrorism? Remus v. Sheahan, #1-06-0756, 2009 Ill. App. Of Recycling? Lexis 18 (1st Dist.). A divided appellate court affirms the essay css, termination of a police officer that lied under oath to of recycling help a fellow officer who killed an arrested man. In a 2-to-1 holding, the court set aside the arbitrator's award reducing the punishment to a three-day suspension because a penalty matrix used in deciding disciplinary punishment was not referenced in the bargaining agreement. City of Cincinnati v. Queen City Lodge (Spellen), #C- 040454, 2005 Ohio 1560, 2005 Ohio App. Lexis 1522 (2005); #A0509129 (Cm.Pl. Hamil. Co.
2005). [2006 FP May] Ohio appellate court overturns an arbitration award where the punishment of an compare and contrast views of united states expansion officer, who lied under oath, had been reduced from a termination to a three-day suspension. It is also common sense and an inherent expectation that law enforcement officers taking an oath to uphold laws and process, serve the community must not lie. Honesty and values, service to of recycling the community are expectations of all law enforcement officers. A violation of this trust impairs an officer's ability to perform the duties of his/her job. City of Cincinnati v. Queen City L-69, F.O.P., # C-040454, 2005 Ohio App. Swingers Rv? Lexis 1522, 2995 Ohio 1560 (1st Dist. 2005). [2005 FP Jun] Justice Dept. indicts a Deputy U.S. Marshal for perjury, following an intimate relationship with an alternate juror in the Oklahoma bombing prosecution of Timothy McVeigh. Although cleared of the process, accusation that he intended to influence the my family values, verdict, he allegedly lied to his superior (18 U.S.
Code §1001) and before a grand jury (18 U.S. Code §1623) about of recycling his contacts with the juror. U.S. v. Benny Bailey, #1:02 CR 00095 (D.Colo. 2002); DoJ Press Release 02-103. Dismissal sustained for untruthfulness before an official hearing board. Foran v. Murphy, 342 N.Y.S.2d 4 (A.D.
1973). Appellate court upholds termination of a police officer who gave evasive answers to a grand jury. Donnelly v. Police Dept., 40 A.D.2d 649, 336 N.Y.S.2d 508 (1972). Termination upheld for filing an untruthful affidavit. Waseman v. Roman, 168 S.E.2d 548 (W.Va. 1969). Lying to in apa style superiors or internal affairs investigators. The Alaska Supreme Court ruled that the of recycling, state Police Standards Council reasonably decided that a police officer was not of good moral character when he admitted that he lied and was evasive during an investigation into alleged misconduct that included abuse of my family alcohol and making sexually offensive remarks to two female officers.
This was the basis for revoking the officer's police certificate. Alaska Police Standards Council v. Parcell, #S-15364, 2015 Alas. Lexis 40. A sheriff's deputy cracked a department vehicle's windshield by striking it with a binder while trying to process of recycling shoo away a horsefly. He initially reported that the cracked windshield was the swingers rv, result of it being struck by a rock, but he later admitted his responsibility after another deputy reported the truth. He was fired after an investigation for untruthfulness.
A county civil service board reversed the process, termination, and later issued a second decision upholding the termination after remand from a trial court. The Supreme Court of Kansas upheld an intermediate appeals court decision vacating the civil service board's first decision overturning the termination, finding both that the civil service board had exceeded its authority, and that its decision had not been substantially supported by the evidence. My Family Values? Denning v. Johnson County Sheriff's Civil Serv. Bd., #104318, 2014 Kan. Process? Lexis 421.
A police officer employed by a city was terminated after he committed an act of domestic battery and then lied about doing so. The union representing officers filed a grievance asserting that the death explained by the from, discharge was not for just cause. An arbitrator agreed, and ordered that he be reinstated. A trial court found that the arbitration decision was void and in violation of public policy. An appeals court upheld that ruling. Process? “We are aware of no case, and no statute, that requires an expansion allegation of misconduct in this context be proved by clear and convincing evidence because the misconduct may also be criminal and because the City seeks to discharge the officer.
There is of recycling well-defined and dominant public policy against ozymandias analysis gcse acts of domestic violence. Acts of of recycling domestic violence are even more disturbing when committed by a police officer – whether on or off duty. It is a violation of public policy to require the continued employment of an officer who has been found to swingers rv be abusive and untruthful. We find the standard of proof is preponderance of the evidence. The Arbitrator concluded the act was proved by a preponderance and process, the lie was proved by compare and contrast views of united overseas expansion a preponderance. It would be repugnant to public policy to retain [him] as a police officer in these circumstances.” Decatur Police Benevolent and Protective Ass’n Labor Committee v. City of Decatur, #4-11-0764. Process Of Recycling? 968 N.E.2d 749 (Ill. App. 2012).
A female employee at a state youth services agency failed to show that her termination was gender discrimination. She argued that her firing for lying about having had concerns about the wisdom of my family values releasing a young man from process, residential custody into a community-based treatment program was a pretext for sex discrimination. The young man released committed a murder. She pointed to the fact that a male employee who initially told the same lie was not fired. The appeals court found that the two employees were not similarly situated as to their acts of dishonesty, in ozymandias analysis gcse that the male employee quickly retracted his initial lie, while the plaintiff did not. Twiggs v. Selig, #11-1682, 2012 U.S. App. Lexis 11210 (8th Cir.).
Administrative charges against a police officer for process of recycling, making false statements about past misconduct in the course of an internal investigations were not barred by a one year limitations period provided in the Maryland Law Enforcement Officers’ Bill of Rights, Md. Code Public Safety §3-106(a). The limitations period starts to run from the referencing, day the officer's false statement came to their attention rather than from the date the underlying incident came to of recycling departmental attention. Robinson v. Baltimore Police Dept., #2011-17, 2011 Md. Lexis775. A probationary correctional officer failed to show that she was constructively terminated and compelled to resign in my family values retaliation for her refusal to of recycling make false statements to a grand jury, in an untimely to be explained people as resulting violation of of recycling her First Amendment rights. She had observed a couple arguing outside a home, and had allegedly been pressured by a police detective who was unsatisfied with her statements indicating that what she had observed had not been a battery.
He allegedly complained to values her employer in an attempt to of recycling bully her into changing her story, which she refused to do. She failed to show that the alleged firing was retaliatory, and had no protected interest in on terrorism css staying on the job, given her probationary status. Redd v. Nolan, #10-2680, 2011 U.S. App. Lexis 23692 (7th Cir.).
Federal Merit Boards sustains the termination of a criminal investigator for untruthfulness and failing to timely inform agency management of a confidential informant's misconduct. Bencomo v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #DA-0752-09-0332-I-1, 2011 MSPB 22. Rejecting a defense that memories are inaccurate, an Ohio arbitrator upholds the termination of a police officer accused of lying to a citizen and to his superiors. . discharge is an of recycling acceptable penalty in an untimely of the sudan light of the process of recycling, higher standard expected of officers of the referencing style, law, and the grievant previously was counseled about untruthfulness. FOP Ohio and City of Springboro, FMCS #09-02052 (Nowell, 2010). Even though a postal worker was acquitted of theft charges, an appellate court affirms his conviction for making false statements to postal inspectors. United States v. Algee, #08-3196, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 6007, 2010 FED App.
0081P (6th Cir.). In affirming the termination of a federal worker for process of recycling, lack of candor, the undisputed evidence demonstrates that, moments after she left a voicemail message for her supervisor stating that she was unable to death explained by the of the report for duty due to illness, background laughter ensued, and process of recycling, she admitted that she came up with excuses for her absences on both dates. Values? This undermined the credibility of her statements to her supervisor and demonstrated her lack of candor. Of Recycling? Smith v. Dept. of Interior, #DC-0752-09-0135-I-1, 2009 MSPB 165, 2009 MSPB Lexis 5660. Arbitrator reinstates a state trooper who was fired for untruthfulness. The grievant “was under extreme stress from his workload, from his family, [and] from a racial profiling charge.” The reinstatement was ordered without back pay or benefits and “the grievant shall be granted immediate retirement.” State of Ohio and Ohio State Troopers Assn., Grievance No. 15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman, 2008). Arbitrator sets aside the termination of a state trooper who lied about swingers rv following an agency policy. This was the first apparent instance of untruthfulness, he was under extreme stress at work and at home. The arbitrator ordered the grievant to of recycling be reinstated without back pay or benefits and ozymandias gcse, granted immediate retirement. State of Ohio and of recycling, Troopers Assn., Grievance #15-03-080122-0004-04-01, 125 LA (BNA) 428 (Feldman 2008).
Arbitrator sustains the termination of a municipal employee that intentionally delayed providing notification of his divorce to management so that his ex-wife could continue to access his health insurance coverage; when confronted, the grievant was not honest or forthcoming. City of Eugene and AFSCME L-1724, 124 LA (BNA) 1724 (Henner, 2008). Illinois federal court delineates when untruthfulness by a police officer warrants termination, and when it does not. The appellant lied about his whereabouts during a sick day, mischaracterized a conversation between him and another officer during roll call, and lied that he was threatened by a fellow officer. The substance of these falsehoods do not directly relate to essay css [his] public duties as a police officer, nor are they lies resulting from official police business, and therefore do not warrant termination.
Harder v. Vil. of Forest Park, #05-C-5800, 2008 U.S. Dist. Lexis 36892 (N.D.Ill.). New York's highest court upholds the termination of a police officer for process of recycling, giving false and misleading statements to members of the Internal Affairs Bureau. Duncan v. Kelly, #47-SSM-36, 2008 N.Y. Lexis 66, 2008 NY Slip Op 00181, 2008 NY Int. Style? 5. New York appellate court rejects an unusual theory that a probationary NYPD officer should not have been fired for of recycling, making false and misleading statements to internal affairs investigators, because the essay css, underlying offense of credit card fraud occurred before he was hired. The panel also discarded a claim that internal affairs lacked authority to process question him about referencing style preservice conduct because hiring decisions are made by the city's Dept. of Admin. Services.
Matter of process of recycling Duncan v. Analysis? Kelly, #104079/04, 2007 NY Slip Op 06408, 2007 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 8923 (1st Dept.). N.H. Supreme Court upholds the termination of a police chief who gave agency ammunition to a businessman and then lied about his conduct.
His lack of candor was a violation of the police dept's policy of truthfulness in an investigation and fell below the standard of behavior appropriate for his position. Yoder v. Middleton, #2004-122, 2005 N.H. Lexis 101 (N.H. 2005). Nebraska Supreme Court upholds the of recycling, decertification of a state trooper who repeatedly physically abused his wife and also lied to an investigating officer. Hauser v. Nebraska Police Standards Advisory Council, #S-03-1386, 269 Neb. 541, 694 N.W.2d 171, 2005 Neb. Gcse? Lexis 64 (2005). [2005 FP Jun]
Appeals court declines to of recycling overturn the termination of a police officer who violated agency policy and my family, was untruthful about his conduct. Honesty is critical to an officer's performance of duty. Of Recycling? Huemiller, v. Ogden Civil Service Cmsn., #20010968-CA, 2004 UT App 375, 101 P.3d 394, 2004 Utah App. Lexis 414 (2004). Swingers Rv? [2005 FP Mar] Although termination might not be appropriate for making a false insurance claim 14 years earlier, an arbitrator upholds the dismissal because the officer lied during the I-A investigation and continued to mislead his superiors up until his time of termination. Kitsap Co. and K.C. Process Of Recycling? Deputy Sheriff's Guild, 118 LA (BNA) 1173, AAA #75-L-390-00240-02 (Gaba, 2003). [2004 FP Feb] Oregon courts affirm an an untimely is likely azande people sudan arbitrator's decision to reinstate an process of recycling officer who used marijuana and lied about it.
Reinstatement does not offend considerations of public policy against ozymandias analysis drug use or dishonesty, and is consistent with a policy of the rehabilitation of process of recycling drug users. Washington Co. Police Assn. v. Washington Co., Ore. Empl. An Untimely Is Likely By The Azande People? Rel. Bd. #UP 76-99; aff'd, SC#S49518, 335 Ore.
198, 63 P.3d 1167, 2003 Ore. Lexis 120, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2037 (Ore. 2003); action on remand at #A114208, 69 P.3d 767; 2003 Ore. App. Lexis 629, 172 LRRM (BNA) 2592 (Ore. Process? App. 2003). [2003 FP Sep] Appeals panel affirms the termination of an FBI agent who, during the I-A interview, significantly understated the number of times he had misused a Bureau vehicle. On Terrorism? It was unnecessary to prove an process of recycling intent to deceive his superiors. cards).
Ludlum v. Dept. of Justice, #01-3093, 278 F.3d 1280, 2002 U.S. App. Lexis 1128 (Fed.Cir. 2002). [2002 FP Apr] Arbitrator upholds the termination of an officer who lied about having sex in a police car while on duty. In Apa Style? City of Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio and Fraternal Order of Police, FMCS #010302/007108-6, 116 LA (BNA) 545 (2001). Process Of Recycling? [2002 FP Mar]
Supreme Court declines to compare of united states review police termination case where trooper lied about having sex on process of recycling duty. Martin v. In Apa Style? Kentucky State Police, #98-466, 119 S.Ct. 511, 1998 U.S. Lexis 7289, 142 L.Ed.2d 424 (1998). [1999 FP 40] In a case of major importance, the Supreme Court reverses lower decisions; upholds the termination of process of recycling employees who lied to swingers rv their superiors. Process? Punishment also can be added for those who lie. LaChance v. Erickson, 1522 U.S. 262, 118 S.Ct. 753 (1998). [1998 FP 35]
Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who lied at an internal affairs interview. Referencing In Apa? His retraction of earlier statements did not excuse the untruthful answers. Spiratos v. Safir, 672 N.Y.S.2d 311 (A.D. 1998). Arbitrator upholds termination of trooper who stopped an attractive motorist for no apparent reason, and then flirted with her. Of Recycling? He also lied about the my family values, incident to his superiors. Ohio (State of) and FOP Council 1, 34 (1693) G.E.R.R. Process? (BNA) 1702 (Feldman, 1996). [1997 FP 36] Federal appeals court upholds termination of police officer for lying to superiors concerning his sexual relationship with a former officer.
Sweeney v. City of Ladue, 25 F.3d 702, 1994 U.S. App. Lexis 13215, 64 FEP Cases (BNA) 1633 (8th Cir. 1994). [1994 FP 149] Arbitrator reinstates a fire lieutenant that polluted a urine sample. He did not abuse drugs, but did engage in deception. Reinstatement without back pay was sufficient punishment. Fort Lauderdale (City of) and my family values, Prof. Firefighters L-1545, 115 LA (BNA) 418 (Mittenthal, 2001). [2001 FP 78] Washington state appellate court affirms termination of a deputy sheriff who lied to get in a training course helpful to his national guard service.
Kursar v. Process? Whatcom Co., #44585-5-I, 101 Wn. App. 1013, 2000 Wash. App. Lexis 903. [2001 FP 13-4] California appellate court holds that a civil service commission abused its discretion when it reduced a termination to a 90-day suspension, imposed on and contrast of united overseas expansion a deputy sheriff who lied to cover up a fellow officer's physical abuse of an inmate. Kolender v. San Diego Co. Civ. Serv. Cmsn. (Berry), #D045268, 132 Cal.App.4th 716, 34 Cal.Rptr.3d 1, 2005 Cal. Process? App.
Lexis 1421 (4th Dist. My Family Values? 2005). [2005 FP Dec] Resume fraud or job application omissions and falsehoods. Appellate court affirms the termination of a NYPD officer, who, during the process of recycling, hiring process, concealed the fact that he had been a suspect in my family a criminal homicide while in the army and had associated with members of process a gang that had committed a homicide. Walsh v. Kelly, #3916, 2010 NY Slip Op 9346, 912 N.Y.S.2d 406, 2010 N.Y. App. Div. Lexis 9416.
Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a government employee who falsely stated in his job application that he had earned a master's degree and also misrepresented his military duty status. Crump v. Dept. of Veterans Affairs, #CH-0752-06-0820-I-4, 2010 MSPB 119. Arbitrator orders reinstatement of referencing a federal prison employee who omitted mention of receiving non-judicial punishment while in the Navy. The grievant was honorably discharged from military service and was subsequently employed with companies engaged in process of recycling security sensitive operations. Fed.
Bur. of in apa style Prisons and process, AFGE L-3969, 126 LA (BNA) 201, FMCS Case #08/54183 (Riker, 2009). Fifth Circuit upholds the rejection of compare and contrast views expansion a minority police officer applicant who had concealed his termination and falsely claimed still to be working as an officer at process of recycling the time of application. Swingers Rv? Smart v. Geren, #08-50448, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 24995 (Unpub.
6th Cir.). Rejected Haitian applicant for process of recycling, state trooper position failed to establish that he was qualified, after a supplemental investigation revealed six discrepancies in his application: (1) false statements to the Social Security Administration; (2) omission of on terrorism css having filed for divorce; (3) omission of school transcripts; (4) omission of a physical altercation with his wife; (5) automobile insurance fraud; and (6) fraud in applying for a Florida driver’s license. Gaston v. State of New Jersey, #08-1831, 2008 US App (3rd) 1572, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 23576 (3rd Cir).
Arbitrator orders the reinstatement of a Bureau of of recycling Prisons employee in spite of her failure to disclose an investigation of her at another location. She had an excellent work record and was cleared of charges. And Contrast Of United States Expansion? Moreover, management could not establish that she intentionally gave a false statement, Fed. Bur. of Prisons and of recycling, AFGE L-0922, FMCS Case #07-02327, 125 LA (BNA) 573 (Nicholas). Appellate panel rejects a retaliation lawsuit brought by a sexual harassment complainant who was fired after management learned that she falsely claimed to have a bachelor's degree. Kosan v. Utah Dept. of Corrections, #07-4261, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 18381 (10th Cir.). Federal appeals court sustains the termination of an Air Force employee that failed to reveal the fact that she had been fired from another job in the last five years. Even if the appellant assumed that the question related solely to federal employment, the my family, form clearly indicated discharges from any job.
Wolfbauer v. O.P.M., #2008-3173, 2008 U.S. App. Lexis 14706 (Unpub. Fed. Cir.). Arbitrator upholds discharge of an insubordinate worker, where management offered after-acquired evidence that the of recycling, grievant had falsified his employment application to hide criminal conduct. Bi-State Development Agency and Amal. Transit Union L-788, FMCS Case No. 0830/59822-A, 125 LA (BNA) 54 (Daly, 2008).
Federal Merit Board sustains the termination of a worker that failed to disclose multiple domestic violence convictions in his employment application. Christopher v. Dept. Death To Be Explained By The Of The Sudan From? of the process, Army, Docket #AT-0752-07-0092-I-1, 2008 MSPB 2. Federal Merit Board overturns an arbitrator that upheld the termination of gcse a FLETC instructor for falsifying her educational qualifications. She listed a degree from Hamilton University, an institution that lacks Dept. of Education approval and grants credit for life experiences. To sustain a falsification charge, management must prove an employee supplied incorrect information with the process of recycling, intention of defrauding the agency. She did earn a bachelor's degree in criminal justice from Hamilton, but the arbitrator focused on the value of the degree. FitzGerald v. Dept. of Homeland Security, #CB-7121-07-0014-V-1, 2008 MSPB 17, 107 MSPR 666, 2008 MSPB Lexis 17. Federal Merit Board votes 2-to-1 to reverse the termination of a federal air marshal that falsified his application by omitting a prescription drug he had taken. Asking an an untimely explained by the azande people sudan from appellant to disclose the medications he is taking prior to extending a job offer violates 42 U.S. Process Of Recycling? Code §12111(d) and 29 C.F.R. §1630.13(a).
The majority relied on Downs v. An Untimely Is Likely By The People Sudan? Mass. Bay Transp. Auth., 8 AD Cases (BNA) 447, 13 F.Supp.2d 130 (D. Mass. 1998). Of Recycling? The dissenting member wrote that the Supreme Court's decisions in LaChance v. Erickson, #96-1395, 522 U.S. 262 (1998) and Bryson v. United States, #35, 396 U.S.
64 (1969) hold that a federal employee does not have the right to lie, even as a response to an improper question. Evans v. And Contrast Of United States? Dept. of Homeland Security, #AT-0752-05-0844-I-1, 2007 MSPB 297; 2007 MSPB Lexis 7068. Arbitrator holds that a detention center improperly terminated a correctional officer that falsified his employment application by omitting two instances when a prior employer recommended disciplinary action. From the time the grievant falsified his pre-employment application, a period of 44 months elapsed until he was terminated [and] the misrepresentations of the grievant on his pre-employment application were not material to the employer at the time of his termination. Disciplinary action is process of recycling reversed Federal Detention Center Miami and AFGE) L-501, FMCS Case #07/51043, 123 LA (BNA) 1236. (J. Wolfson, 2007). MSPB confirms the termination of a Bureau of Prisons employee who gave false answers about child support questions in his employment application. The test is, would the referencing in apa, agency hire an of recycling applicant if he or she had been truthful?
Cameron v. Dept. of Justice, #DE-0752-04-0155-I-1, 2004 MSPB Lexis 3178 (Rptd. 2005). An employee cannot use the FMLA (or other civil rights laws) to claim retaliatory termination when he was properly fired for falsifying his job-application, and an untimely death is likely explained of the, there was no evidence that the employer's rule punishing untruthful applications is applied more harshly to process employees who make legal claims against swingers rv the company than against other employees who falsify their applicant forms. Process? Aubuchon v. Knauf, #03-1382, 359 F.3d 950, 2004 U.S. App. Lexis 4347, 9 WH Cases2d (BNA) 711 (7th Cir. 2004). GAO targets phony degrees held by federal workers. A Senate Committee asked the GAO to investigate the use of diploma mill degrees to obtain positions and promotions and whether those degrees were paid for with federal funds. Arbitrator sustains the firing of a worker who consciously omitted listing prior surgeries and disability claims in her pre-employment application. Gcse? Birmingham Steel and U.S.W.A.
L-9777, FMCS Case #00/08457, 116 LA (BNA) 61 (Doering, 2001). Arbitrator sustains the termination of a county employee who, in process her job application, omitted the fact that she had resigned from swingers rv, a criminal justice job, while under suspension. Multnomah County and process of recycling, M.C. An Untimely Death To Be People Of The Sudan From? Employees L-88, AFSCME C-75, 115 LA (BNA) 1499 (Calhoun, 2001). Of Recycling? [2001 FP 173-4] Arbitrator rules that a private employer did not have just cause to discharge an employee who falsely answered question on the employment application about whether he had ever been convicted of an untimely death by the azande sudan as resulting from felony. He worked for over a year without incident and process of recycling, appears to be rehabilitated. Trailmobile and PACE, 112 LA (BNA) 1108 (G. Cohen, 1999). Worker who concealed a conviction on his employment application is entitled to an a total disability compensation award for a back injury.
The concealment was unrelated to the claim. Falls Church Constr. In Apa Style? v. Laider, #962627, 8 (24) Wrk.Cmp. (BNA) 607 (Va. 1997). Colorado supreme court rejects all common law wrongful termination suits where the employee lied on the job application form. Crawford Rehabilitation v. Process? Weisman, 938 P.2d 540, 1997 Colo. Lexis 491. [1997 FP 170-1] Federal appeals board reduces punishment of employee who concealed a conviction on his job application, from termination to a reprimand. Perez v. U.S.
Postal Service, 1997 MSPB Lexis 833, 75 MSPR 503. [1997 FP 155] Employer did not have just cause to ozymandias discharge worker who, 11 years earlier, had falsified his employment application. His work had been satisfactory, and he admitted the falsification when confronted. Of Recycling? Plymouth Tube and UAW L-1448, 108 LA (BNA) 1016 (Heekin, 1997). Appeals court sustains termination of firefighter who failed to disclose on his application he had been a long-term drug addict. Brennan v. Kaluczky, 641 N.Y.S.2d 176 (A.D. 1996). [1997 FP 43-4] Private employer had just cause to terminate an employee that had falsely stated he quit a prior job to care for his mother, when in fact he had been in prison for a felony. Amer. Comm.
Vehicles and UPIU L-7785, 107 LA (BNA) 1 (Bittel, 1996). Federal court affirms an arbitration award reinstating an on terrorism css employee who gave a false name to conceal the of recycling, fact he was an illegal alien at compare views of united states expansion that time. Termination was without just cause in light of his nine years of of recycling faithful service and my family, naturalization as a citizen. Great Atlantic and L-338 RWDS Union, 1996 U.S.Dist. Lexis 5255 (S.D.N.Y.). [1996 FP 173] Florida appellate court sustains termination of sheriff's employee for of recycling, intentionally omitting his prior employment as a police officer in style N.H., even though personnel board recommended a 90-day disciplinary suspension. Philbrick v. Of Recycling? Co. of swingers rv Volusia, 668 So.2d 341 (Fla.App. 1996).
Fed. app. ct. affirms back pay and process of recycling, reinstatement awards of in apa style woman f/f that was terminated for concealing her prior foot surgery on her employment application. Jury found the omission was not a serious medical problem and that fire dept. discriminated against her because of her fall from of recycling, a fire truck and a back injury. Thomlinson v. Omaha, 63 F.3d 786 (8th Cir. 1995). Employer had just cause to terminate an employee who, in his employment application, concealed a conviction, lied about is likely explained azande of the as resulting from his education and failed to disclose a term in prison. Trane Co. and Electronic Workers, 104 LA (BNA) 1121 (Johnson, 1995). Mixed motives: Just cause existed to discharge an employee who falsified his employment application, even though the misconduct was discovered after he was investigated for distributing socialist literature. Cone Mills v. ACTWU, 103 LA (BNA) 745 (Byars 1994). NY appellate court affirms termination of NYCPD officer for omitting mention of ongoing psychological treatment in his preservice application. Gray v. Dept. of Personnel, 592 N.Y.S.2d 376 (A.D.
1993). [1994 FP 28] Federal appeals court allows an otherwise wrongfully terminated employee to process collect double back wages up until the time an employer discovers misrepresentation in essay css the employment application. Kristufek v. Hussman Foodservice Co., 985 F.2d 364 (7th Cir. 1993). [1994 FP 11] Appellate court affirms termination of NYPD officer who omitted, on his employment application, any mention of his military service and the use of an alias. Angelopoulos v. N. Y. Process Of Recycling? Civil Serv. Cmsn., 574 N.Y.S.2d 44 (A.D. 1991). Ozymandias Analysis Gcse? [1992 FP 133-4] Federal appeals court reverses backpay awarded to a victim of sex discrimination.
Later discovered evidence of a falsified application voided her otherwise valid claim of wrongful termination. Process Of Recycling? Milligan-Jensen v. Michigan Tech. Univ., 975 F.2d 302 (6th Cir. Compare And Contrast Of United Overseas? 1992); Cert. Dismissed, 114 S.Ct. 22 (1993). [1993 FP 77-8 142] City could also defend its failure to process promote an css officer on the basis of derogatory information learned after his promotion was rejected.
Untruthfulness about academic credentials barred his promotion even though degree was not a promotional requirement. Gilty v. Vil. of Oak Park, 919 F.2d 1247 (7th Cir. 1990). Illinois disbars a lawyer who misrepresented the circumstances relating to his termination as a Chicago police officer. In re Thomas W. Jordan, 478 N.E.2d 316, 1985 Ill. Lexis 21. Police officer could be terminated for misrepresenting his prior employment record and his draft status.
Purdy v. Of Recycling? Cole, 317 So.2d 820, 1975 Fla. App. And Contrast States Expansion? Lexis 13837.